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Mismatched Expectations of Staff and Students Towards Blackboard. Teaching And Learning Conference 2006. Elisabeth Yaneske. Andrew Bingham. 3-Part Study. Background – e-learning. Students encouraged to use Blackboard (e-learning environment) for many modules within the School Of Computing

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mismatched expectations of staff and students towards blackboard

Mismatched Expectations of Staff and Students Towards Blackboard

Teaching And Learning Conference 2006

Elisabeth Yaneske

Andrew Bingham

background e learning

3-Part Study

Background – e-learning
  • Students encouraged to use Blackboard (e-learning environment) for many modules within the School Of Computing
  • Use of Blackboard within SCM best described as ‘blended learning’ or ‘technology enhanced e-learning’
  • Modules incorporating more and more e-learning
  • Assumptions made about students’ comfort with e-learning especially when moving away from face-to-face contact – online discussions instead of face-to-face etc. student preference
  • Assumptions made regarding student IT skills (perceived to be of a high level in SCM). But what about older students and students from outside the UK?
stereotypes basis for assumptions
Stereotypes (Basis For Assumptions)

Martin, C. D. (2004) 'Draw a computer scientist'. Working group reports from ITiCSE on Innovation and technology in

computer science education, Leeds, United Kingdom: ACM Press.

Beyer, S. (1999) 'The Accuracy of Academic Gender Stereotypes.' Sex Roles 40: 787-813.

background blackboard
Background - Blackboard
  • Blackboard expected to be used for all modules in SCM as of 2005
  • Core modules on Blackboard even though some staff use own intranet pages
  • Some staff only use Intranet Sites to support their modules
  • Some staff use Blackboard to support their modules
  • All students will come into contact with e-learning delivered by Blackboard at some point during their course
research questions
Research Questions

Part 1 – e-learning Attitude Survey

  • What are Multimedia students’ attitudes towards e-learning versus face-to-face techniques?
  • Are there any other factors that influence these attitudes? e.g. mature vs traditional students

Part 2 – Sociabilty

  • Does sociability influence students’ attitudes towards e-learning versus face-to-face techniques?

Part 3 – Current Usage & Expectations Of Blackboard Within SCM

  • How are staff and students currently using Blackboard?
  • What are staff expectations of Blackboard?
  • What are students’ expectations of Blackboard?
  • Do they match?
  • Are they correct?
method

Part 1&2 – e-learning Attitude Survey

Method
  • Online survey sent out to 168 second year Multimedia students within the School Of Computing
  • Survey preceded by ethics statement
  • Survey contained demographic, attitude (5-point Likert scale) and sociability questions
  • Survey available for two weeks, with incentive offered for completion
  • 41 respondents
part 1 e learning key findings demographic
Part 1 – e-learning Key Findings - Demographic
  • Survey indicates that mature students prefer face-to-face teaching methods
  • Current practice
    • Lecture – 1 hour in lecture theatre
    • Tutorial – 1 hour in computer lab
q8 it is important to attend all tutorials
Q8. It is important to attend all tutorials

Q8 Outcome: Most mature students felt that it is important to attend all tutorials.

Over a third of traditional students disagreed with this. (Only some tutorials of value to them?)

q9 i can complete online tutorial tasks without the help of a tutor
Q9. I can complete online tutorial tasks without the help of a tutor

Q9 Outcome: Traditional students attend when they need help.

Many Mature students find value in tutorials even though they don’t need help.

q33 lectures do not add anything to the notes provided online
Q33. Lectures do not add anything to the notes provided online

Q33 Outcome: More Mature students feel that lectures are a passive learning experience, although a significant number of traditional students also have this opinion.

q20 in order to pass a module i need to attend lectures and tutorials
Q20. In order to pass a module I need to attend lectures and tutorials

Q20 Outcome: Mature students felt more strongly that attendance was important even though they said they didn’t need help to complete tasks and majority said that lectures did not add to the online notes.

q12 i prefer to be handed tasks in tutorials than to obtain them online
Q12. I prefer to be handed tasks in tutorials than to obtain them online

Q12 Outcome: More mature students prefer to be handed tasks, rather than obtain them online. Potentially mature students more familiar with paper based tasks.

q6 i prefer to ask the tutor questions face to face
Q6 I prefer to ask the tutor questions face-to-face

Q6 Outcome: Mature students prefer to ask questions face-to-face

q32 i learn when other people ask questions in lectures
Q32. I learn when other people ask questions in lectures

Q32 Outcome: Mature students feel more strongly that they learn when others ask questions in lectures.

part 1 overall results

Score Guide

205

Strongly Prefer e-learning

164

Prefer e-learning

123

Neutral

82

Prefer Traditional Techniques

41

Strongly Prefer Traditional Techniques

Part 1:Overall Results

A score of 93.29 indicates that the group had a slight preference for face-to-face teaching methods

key findings from the survey attitudes lectures 1
Key Findings From The Survey – Attitudes -Lectures (1)
  • 26 (63%) I feel it is important to attend all the lectures
  • 22 (54%) Felt that they missed valuable information if they missed a lecture
  • 29 (71%) Did not agree that they are not worried if they miss a lecture because the notes are available online
  • 30 (73%) I feel I learn more by attending the lecture than by just reading the notes provided online.
key findings from the survey attitudes lectures 2
Key Findings From The Survey – Attitudes - Lectures (2)
  • 25 (61%) Did not think it was important to ask questions in lectures
  • Suggests lectures viewed as a passive learning experience
  • 26 (63%) learned when other people asked questions *
slide18

Key Findings From The Survey – Attitudes - Tutorials

  • 27 (66%) I feel it is important to attend all tutorials
  • 28 (68%) When I attend tutorials I learn from my fellow students
  • 33 (81%) I prefer to attend tutorials so I can receive feedback from my tutor
  • 21 (51%) I attend tutorials because I need to ask questions
  • Feedback driven by tutors
key findings from the survey attitudes contact in general
Key Findings From The Survey – Attitudes -Contact In General
  • 30 (73%) In order to pass a module I need to attend lectures and tutorials
  • 24 (59%) I prefer to ask my tutor questions face-to-face
  • 21 (51%) The support provided by tutors in lectures and tutorials could not be provided by online resources alone
part 2 sociability results
Part 2 - Sociability Results

Outcome: Average with a

slight tendency to be slightly

unsociable

research method

Part 3 – Current Usage & Expectations

Of Blackboard Within SCM

Research Method
  • Survey handed out to 168 Multimedia students & 45 staff within the School Of Computing
  • Survey preceded by ethics statement
  • Survey contained usage and expectation/opinion questions
  • 41 Student respondents
  • 18 Staff respondents
questions staff
Questions (Staff)
  • Which Blackboard applications do you use?
  • What is the one thing you would change about Blackboard?
  • Can you give an example of how you use Blackboard to enhance the students’ learning experience?
  • What other online resources do you use and would recommend to enhance student learning?
questions students
Questions (Students)
  • Which Blackboard applications do you use?
  • What is the one thing you would change about Blackboard?
  • Can you give an example of how Blackboard has enhanced your learning experience?
  • Taking into account all the online resources you are directed to use in your modules, which is the most useful and why?
key findings from the survey blackboard usage

Rank

Staff

Students

1

Course Content / Staff Contact

Course Content

2

Discussion Board*

Announcements

3

Announcements

Staff Contact

4

Tools Area

Tools Area

5

Discussion Board*

Key Findings From The Survey – Blackboard Usage
  • Main Usage – Course content (lecture notes, tutorial tasks, book list….)

Comparison of Staff and Student Blackboard Usage

key findings from the survey usage and expectations
Key Findings From The Survey – Usage And Expectations
  • What is the one thing you would change about Blackboard?
    • Usability
    • Functionality
    • Administration
    • Training
  • 13 students (32%) felt Blackboard was fit for its purpose. (They would not change anything) – But no staff
usability both staff students
Usability (Both Staff & Students)
  • Confusing interface
  • Students have to log in twice
  • Format of discussion forum confusing
  • Format of announcements
  • Not all modules and their resources on Blackboard
extra functionality requested both staff students
Extra Functionality Requested (Both Staff & Students)
  • Email notification of updates
  • Exam timetable
  • Grades for each subject
  • Overall individual pathway results
  • Ability to upload multiple files at a time
  • Customisable to learner needs, accessibility and learning style
  • Closed access prevents dissemination of good practice
functionality both staff students
Functionality (Both Staff & Students)

Closed Access

Lack of Control over Environment

Some staff using intranet page instead

No ‘one-stop-shop’ for students

administration both staff students
Administration (Both Staff & Students)
  • Management of links to modules- Remove old and redundant links- Leave old links for reference
  • Problems with student enrolment
training both staff students
Training (Both Staff & Students)
  • 2 students requested training
  • One student said; “I don’t know how to use Blackboard”
results staff students
Results (Staff & Students)
  • How is Blackboard used to enhance the learning experience?
slide32
Question asked to staff. What other online resources do you use and would recommend to enhance student learning?

*

*

slide33

Question Asked To Students. Taking into account all the online resources you are directed to use in your modules, which is the most useful and why?

No Mention Of LRC

summary of results
Summary of results
  • ‘Learning Environment’ sets an expectation
    • Staff expect Blackboard to Enhance learning by itself
    • Students expect Blackboard to be used as a ‘distance learning tool’
    • Misusing Blackboard means students miss out on the learning experiences they told us they valued
    • Students expect a single point of access for all course related information (exam timetable, grades, etc..) One login!
  • VLE (really a dissemination tool)
    • Notice Board
    • Document sharing
    • Communication tools
summary of results1
Summary of results
  • Need to set expectations for staff and students
  • How can we achieve this? Need to provide training to set expectations and to get the most out of the VLE- Induction week for students- Induction for new staff. On-going training for existing staff