History of Medicine - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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egypt india china greece rome jewish n.
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History of Medicine

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  1. Egypt, India, China, Greece, Rome, Jewish History of Medicine

  2. History of Medicine • Question: How did Egyptians deal with health care? • Identified certain diseases • Earliest health records • Priests were doctors (Ex: Imhotep) • Embalming • Done by special priests • Gauze similar to today’s medical gauze • They had advanced knowledge of anatomy

  3. History of Medicine • Question: How did Egyptians deal with health care? • Some practices still used today: • Enemas • Circumcision preceded marriage • Closing wounds • Setting fractures • ..and some not… • Bloodletting • Monthly purging

  4. History of Medicine • Question: How did Egyptians deal with health care? • Eye of Horus • Amulet to guard against disease • Story- Horus lost vision in battle- his mother, Iris called on the gods for help • Led to modern day Rx” prescription sign

  5. History of Medicine • Question: How did India use medicine? • Detected diabetes by smelling and tasting urine • Practiced surgical procedures • Hernia repairs • C-sections • Cosmetic surgery for harelips, earlobes, and nose

  6. History of Medicine • Question: How did China deal with medicine? • Male doctors not allowed to touch women (used ivory dolls to show where problem was) • Use of Acupuncture • Used herbs like ginseng root

  7. History of Medicine • Question: What about Jewish Medicine? • Concentrated on health rules concerning food, cleanliness and quarantine • Day of rest was the best contribution to human welfare

  8. History of Medicine • Question: What was Greece’s contribution? • First to study cause of disease • Diseases caused by lack of sanitation (later they built aqueducts and sewer systems) • Aesculapius (god of medicine): Staff and serpent symbol of medicine (temples built in his honor became first hospitals)

  9. History of Medicine • Question: Who was the Greek doctor Hippocrates? • He was considered “the Father of Medicine”- • Wrote Hippocratic Oath-recited by medical students today • Dissection not allowed, so observation only- believed only in the facts • Showed disease had only natural causes-took treatment out of hands of religion

  10. History of Medicine • Question: Who was the Greek doctor Hippocrates? • Treated patients with proper diet, fresh air, and change in climate • Objected to the use of strong drugs- favorite medicine was honey • Used tar for wounds

  11. History of Medicine • Question: What about Rome? • Galen was important because he observed that the brain controls the rest of the body • Roman wars gave doctors plenty of surgical practice • First to organize medical care