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FLOOD MANAGEMENT IN BIHAR A BRIEF OVERVIEW. “THE HAPPINESS OF THE DROP IS TO DIE IN THE RIVER.” [AL GAZZALI QUOTES]. THE CALAMITY IN 2006 , 457 VILLAGES AND 13 DISTRICTS AFFECTED TOTAL CROP AREA DAMAGED WAS 75000 HA AROUND 5000 HOUSES DAMAGED. CAUSES: FLAT TERRAIN.

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slide3

THE CALAMITY

  • IN 2006 ,
  • 457 VILLAGES AND 13
  • DISTRICTS AFFECTED
  • TOTAL CROP AREA DAMAGED
  • WAS 75000 HA
  • AROUND 5000 HOUSES DAMAGED
slide6

CAUSES:

  • FLAT TERRAIN.
  • NON-UNIFORM RAINFALL.
  • SEEPAGE FROM EMBANKMENT.
  • LACK OF INTEGRATED SYSTEM.
  • LACK OF EARLY WARNING SYSTEM.
slide7

PROBLEM:

  • 17% flood prone area.
  • 23% flood affected
  • population.
  • 30 out of 37 districts
  • flood prone.
  • 9410 sq. km waterlogged.
slide8

IMPLICATIONS:

  • LOSS OF CROPS,
  • LIVESTOCK
  • AND AGRI ASSETS.
  • NO SET PATTERN OF CROPPING.
  • LOSS OF LIVELIHOOD.
  • MASS MIGRATION.
  • SOCIAL DISORDER.
slide9

THE PREVAILING FLOOD MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN BIHAR

THE POLICY AND PRACTICE OF EMBANKMENTS

slide10

EMBANKMENTS HAVE BEEN MADE ON BOTH SIDES OF THE RIVERS

  • EMBANKMENTS HAVE BEEN MADE ON THE TRIBUTARIES
  • EMBANKMENTS ARE RAISED, REPAIRED AND STRENGTHENED EVERY TIME THE FLOODS COME
  • FLOODS ARE NOT CAUSED DUE TO BROKEN EMBANKMENTS ONLY
  • THE EMBANKMENTS THEMSELVES HAVE AN INTERESTING ROLE IN THE PROCESS
slide11

EMBANKMENTS:

  • HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
  • THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT LEFT THE RIVERS LARGELY UNTOUCHED
  • THE LOCAL ZAMINDARS MADE SOME EMBANKMENTS
  • HEAVY EMBANKMENT SINCE 1953
  • 3500 KM OF EMBANKMENTS IN THE STATE AT A COST OF 7.5 BILLION RUPEES
slide12

BANE OR BOON?

  • SILTING OF RIVERBEDS AND PROBLEMS WITH THE TRIBUTARIES
  • WATER LOGGING FOR A LONGER DURATION, PROLONGED FLOODS
  • LOSS TO SOIL FERTILITY, IMPOVERISHMENT
  • NO PARTICIPATION, TOP DOWN APPROACH
  • FALSE SENSE OF SECURITY AND LOSS OF TRADITIONAL WISDOM
  • RECURRING EXPENDITURE
  • CONFLICTS
slide13

From ‘Worshippers of Floods’

to

‘Victims of Floods’

slide14

Ael Balan tabanhaloun dalaan;

gel balan ta tutale dalaan

slide15

NEED OF THE HOUR

  • Community
  • participation
  • New Techniques
  • Use of Indigenous methods
  • Flood Forecasting
slide16

GIS based

  • Flood Analysis
  • Tool Box
  • Flood damage curve
  • Damage amount vs. Flood depth
  • Successfully used in Kosi river basin
slide18

BARH MUKTI ABHIYAN:

  • Established in 1991 by Sri Dinesh Kumar Mishra
  • Debate on flood
  • Explode the myth that flood can be managed
  • by Embankments and Large Dams only
  • Involve Politicians, Bureaucrats, Engineers,
  • Concerned citizens & the Common People
  • Documenting the People’s Perception about
  • the River Valley Projects in Bihar ,Jharkhand &
  • Other States
slide20
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

The following books written/edited by SRI DINESH KUMAR MISHRA and published by Barh Mukti Abhiyan:

-Working Report on Conference held on 1-3 July, 1992

- Report on Seminar on River Crises in South Asia

- Proceedings of the Third Delegates Conference, BMA

- Proceedings of the Consultation on the Report of the World Commission on

Dams, 1-7 August, 2001

-Story of A Ghost River and Engineering Witchcraft

-Stagnating Pools and the Gandak Command

-Nirmali Conference of Flood Sufferers

-Noose around the Mahananda

-Thus Comes the Floods

-Floods Despite Dams

  • DISPUTES OVER THE GANGA [PANOS INSTT. SOUTH ASIA]
  • UNDP REPORT, DT. 18 SEP. 2006
  • Conversation with and guidance of Sri Dinesh Kumar Mishra
slide21
THE FOLLOWING WEBSITES:
  • www.gisdevelopment.net
  • www.countercurrents.org
  • www.himalmag.com
  • www.dhigroup.com
  • www.wii.gov.in
  • www.infochangeindia.org
slide22

THANK YOU

ABHISHEK LAHIRI

MURLI MANOHAR

SHYAM DAYAL SINGH

GROUP- 4