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Adobe Photoshop CS5 – Illustrated Unit C: Working with Layers. Objectives. Work with the Layers panel Merge layers and manipulate opacity Duplicate layers, delete layers, and paste new layers Scale artwork. Objectives. Flip and rotate artwork Add and Outer Glow layer style

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objectives
Objectives
  • Work with the Layers panel
  • Merge layers and manipulate opacity
  • Duplicate layers, delete layers, and paste new layers
  • Scale artwork

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

objectives1
Objectives
  • Flip and rotate artwork
  • Add and Outer Glow layer style
  • Add a Drop Shadow layer style
  • Work with a layer mask

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

working with the layers panel
Working with the Layers Panel
  • The Layers panel houses all the layers in a document and offers many options for manipulating those layers
  • Basic operations using the Layers panel and layered artwork include to hide or show various art components and move them independently of one another
  • Selecting a layer in the Layers panel is called targeting a layer

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

working with the layers panel1
Working with the Layers Panel

Viewing the visible layers

Canvas with repositioned artwork

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

classroom activities
CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
  • How would you manipulate components if there were no layers?
  • Which button do you select to make the layers become visible?

(Answer: Indicates layer visibility button)

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

merging layers and manipulating opacity
Merging Layers and Manipulating Opacity
  • Artwork on a top layer in the Layers panel appears in front of artwork on layers beneath it
  • Layers in the Layers panel can be reordered and layers can also be merged
  • When multiple artwork is merged, separate artwork can no longer be manipulated individually or easily unmerged
  • The more the layers the larger the file size so merging layers reduces the size

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

merging layers and manipulating opacity1
Merging Layers and Manipulating Opacity
  • In Photoshop the term opacity refers to how opaque the artwork is
  • 100% opacity means that the artwork is completely opaque; no part of the image is transparent
  • Artwork with 0% opacity is completely transparent and is invisible
  • Artwork with 50% opacity is visible, but also any artwork on a layer beneath it would also be visible through it

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

merging layers and manipulating opacity2
Merging Layers and Manipulating Opacity

Moving the Coin layer above the Colosseum layer

Moving the Pen layer beneath the Euros layer

Canvas with transparent artwork

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

classroom activities1
CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
  • True/False. When you merge multiple layers, separate artwork on those layers is merged onto one layer.

(Answer: True)

  • True/False. When you merge multiple layers, artwork can still be manipulated individually.

(Answer: False)

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

duplicating deleting and pasting new layers
Duplicating, Deleting,and Pasting New Layers
  • Layers are created in Photoshop in a variety of ways, including:
    • click the Create a new layer button on the Layers panel
    • use the New Layer command on the Layers panel menu
    • duplicate an existing layer
    • paste artwork copied from another file
      • copied artwork is always pasted into a new layer that is above the targeted layer on the Layers panel

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

duplicating deleting and pasting new layers1
Duplicating, Deleting,and Pasting New Layers

Repositioning the Top Coin artwork

Repositioning the Bottom Coin artwork

Positioning the Colosseum artwork

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

classroom activities2
CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
  • Where does copied and pasted artwork appear?

(Answer: on its own layer) What happens when you can’t find it?

  • What does clicking Copy Merged button do?

(Answer: Clicking Copy Merged copies the visible image on the canvas as a single image.)

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

scaling artwork
Scaling Artwork
  • One of the great features of Photoshop is the ability to transform artwork
    • Move
    • Scale (resizing artwork)
    • Rotate
    • Flip
    • Distort
  • Transforming is key when creating a montage when creating specific positioning relationships between elements

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

scaling artwork1
Scaling Artwork

Using the Options bar to scale the artwork

Moving the crosshair icon

Scaling the artwork form the relocated crosshair icon

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

classroom activities3
CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
  • What does transform mean in Photoshop?

(Answer: move, scale, rotate, flip, and distort artwork)

  • True/False. Scaling is a term for resizing artwork.

(Answer: True)

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

flipping and rotating artwork
Flipping and Rotating Artwork
  • Flipping and rotating are two transformations that are useful when creating a montage of various images
    • Flipping artwork creates a mirror image of the artwork
      • images can be flipped either horizontally or vertically
    • Rotating moves an object clockwise around its center point much like how a pinwheel spins
      • an image can be rotated by hand or by entering a specific rotation value on the Options bar

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

flipping and rotating artwork1
Flipping and Rotating Artwork

Rotating the Colosseum artwork

Moving the artwork on three layers

Rotating the Bottom Coin artwork

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

classroom activities4
CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
  • True/False. Rotate artwork creates a mirror image of the artwork.

(Answer: False)

  • What is the difference between rotating and flipping. When might you use each one?

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

adding an outer glow layer style
Adding an Outer Glow Layer Style
  • Layer styles have built-in effects that you can apply to layers which include:
    • Glows
    • Shadows
    • Bevels
    • Embosses, Chiseled edges
    • and others
  • When a layer style is applied all the artwork on that layer inherits the layer style
    • layer styles are listed on the Layers panel beneath the layer applied to and can be hidden or shown

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

adding an outer glow layer style1
Adding an Outer Glow Layer Style

Settings for the Outer Glow

layer style

Viewing the layer style on the canvas and in the Layers panel

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

classroom activities5
CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
  • What are some of the effects you can apply to layers?

(Answer: glows, shadows, bevels, embosses and chiseled edges)

  • How do you hide/show the Outer Glow layer style?

(Answer: Click the small black triangle to the right of the layer to hide or show the layer effects for that layer.)

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

adding a drop shadow layer style
Adding a Drop Shadow Layer Style
  • A drop shadow applied to artwork makes it appear to cast a shadow
  • There are many methods for creating a drop shadow; if a drop shadow is created as a layer style it can be copied from one layer to another which saves time and speeds up the work process
    • (this is a great feature about layer styles)

Drop Shadow layer style options

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

adding a drop shadow layer style1
Adding a Drop Shadow Layer Style

Settings for a Drop Shadow layer style

Viewing the Drop Shadow layer style behind the Colosseum artwork and in the Layers panel

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

working with a layer mask
Working with a Layer Mask
  • A layer mask allows a user to define which areas of artwork on a single layer are visible, not visible or partly visible
  • White areas of the layer mask represent art on the layer that is 100% visible
  • Black areas of the layer mask represented art on the layer that is 100% masked and invisible
  • Gray areas of the layer mask represent art on the layer that is semi-transparent

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

working with a layer mask1
Working with a Layer Mask
  • There are many methods that can be used to apply black, white or gray to a layer mask
  • Two methods include:
    • use the Brush tool to paint in the layer mask which adjusts the opacity of the artwork by hand
      • the brush tool always paints with the foreground color
    • set the size and hardness options for the Brush tool on the Options bar

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

classroom activities6
CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
  • A_____ is an effect where artwork appears to cast a shadow.

(Answer: drop shadow)

  • True/False. There is only one method for creating a drop shadow.

(Answer: False)

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

working with a layer mask2
Working with a Layer Mask

Layer mask added to the Roses layer

Artwork with both leaves masked out

Viewing the layer mask

Deactivating the layer mask

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

classroom activities7
CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
  • What is a layer mask?

(Answer: A layer mask allows you to define which areas of artwork on a single layer are visible, not visible, or partly visible.)

  • True/False. The Brush tool always paints with the foreground color.

(Answer: True)

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

summary
Summary
  • Basic actions using the Layers panel and layered artwork include to hide or show various art components and move them independently of one another
  • Layers in the Layers panel can be reordered and layers can also be merged
  • In Photoshop the term opacity refers to how opaque the artwork is, 100%, 50%, 0%

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated

summary1
Summary
  • One of the great features of Photoshop is the ability to transform artwork by moving, scaling, rotating, flipping or distorting the artwork
  • A drop shadow applied to artwork makes it appear to cast a shadow
  • A layer mask allows a user to define which areas of artwork on a single layer are visible, not visible or partly visible

Adobe Photoshop CS5 - Illustrated