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Swine Breeds. By: Katelin Ade. Click Here to Start . Navigation. Next Slide . Menu. Previous Slide. Return to Question. Audience . 9 th graders taking an introductory animal science or agriculture class. Learning Environment .

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by katelin ade

Swine Breeds

By: Katelin Ade

Click Here to Start

slide2

Navigation

Next Slide

Menu

Previous Slide

Return to Question

slide3

Audience

9th graders taking an introductory animal science or agriculture class.

slide4

Learning Environment

A computer lab with a computer for each student. Headphones will also be provided to each student.

slide5

Learning Objectives

  • Given a picture of a pig, the student will be able to identify what breed it is based on markings, color, and ears with 100% accuracy.
  • Given a picture of a pig, the student will be able to name the origin of the breed without notes with 100% accuracy.
slide7

Menu

  • Why do breeds exist?
  • What do you look for when identifying breeds?
  • Swine Breeds
  • Swine Breed Trivia Activity
  • Quiz
slide8

Why do breeds exist?

  • Breeds make it easier to distinguish the many kinds of pigs.
  • Breeds make it easier to sort out the desirable characteristics that certain animals have and recognize them.
slide10

Color

  • There are 3 colors to look for:
    • White
    • Black
    • Red
  • Pigs can either be a solid color or have markings on them.
slide11

Markings

  • Some pigs have no markings.
  • The markings that you could see on a pig:
    • Belted: All black with a white stripe around the shoulders.
    • Spotted
    • Points: Solid black with white on feet, nose, and tail.
slide12

Body Type

  • Muscular
    • Some breeds are more muscular than others because they are raised for meat.
  • Maternal
    • Some breeds look more maternal because they have a better a better mothering ability and they produce better litters than other breeds.
slide13

Ears

  • Droopy
  • Erect
slide14

Swine Breeds

  • Hampshire
  • Yorkshire
  • Duroc
  • Chester White
  • Landrace
  • Berkshire
  • Spot
  • Poland China
  • Hereford
  • Tamworth
  • Pietrain
slide15

Hampshire

  • Origin: United States, oldest American breed in existence.
  • Color: Black
  • Markings: Belted
  • Ears: Erect
  • Characteristics: High-quality meat, terminal sires, hardiness
slide16

Yorkshire

  • Origin: Yorkshire County, England
  • Color: White
  • Markings: Solid
  • Ears: Erect
  • Characteristics: Known for mothering ability, long-bodied.
slide17

Duroc

  • Origin: Corn Belt and Eastern United States
  • Color: Red
  • Markings: Solid
  • Ears: Droopy
  • Characteristics: Long-bodied, highest conversion rate of feed, good meat.
slide18

Chester White

  • Origin: Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States
  • Color: White
  • Markings: Solid
  • Ears: Droopy; stops just above the eyes
  • Characteristics: Long-bodied, meat, good production.
slide19

Landrace

  • Origin: Denmark
  • Color: White
  • Markings: Solid
  • Ears: Droopy; overs the eyes
  • Characteristics: Always been noted for milk production and mothering abilities, long-bodied.
slide20

Berkshire

  • Origin: Shire of Berk, England
  • Color: Black
  • Markings: White on tip of tail, snout, and four white-stockinged feet
  • Ears: Erect
  • Characteristics: Known for meat and good sires.
slide21

Spot

  • Origin: Ohio, United States
  • Color: Black and White
  • Markings: Spotted
  • Ears: Droopy
  • Characteristics: Good carcass quality, feed efficiency, good rate of gain.
slide22

Poland China

  • Origin: Ohio, United States
  • Color: Black
  • Markings: White on tip of tail, snout, and four white-stockinged feet
  • Ears: Droopy
  • Characteristics: Great weight gain. Excellent feeders.
slide23

Hereford

  • Origin: Missouri, United States
  • Color: Red and White
  • Markings: Red with white marks all over the body.
  • Ears: Droopy
  • Characteristics: Similar to the cattle breed it shares its name with. Good meat.
slide24

Tamworth

  • Origin: England
  • Color: Red
  • Markings: Solid
  • Ears: Erect
  • Characteristics: Extremely muscular. Very timid. Tasty bacon. Small for a pig breed.
slide25

Pietrain

  • Origin: Belgium
  • Color: Black and White
  • Markings: Spotted
  • Ears: Erect
  • Characteristics: Extremely muscular. Very lean.
slide26

Swine Breeds Trivia Activity

http://www.ca.uky.edu/agripedia/agmania/interactive/SwineBreeds.html

slide27

Question 1

Why do breeds exist?

  • To identify whether the pig is a boy or a girl.
  • To measure the production of the pig.
  • To distinguish between the different kinds of pigs.
slide29

OOPS!

Hint: Go back and look at the Why do breeds exist slide.

slide30

Question 2

What are some things you look for when identifying breeds?

  • Color, markings, ears, body type
  • Color, eyes, feet, body type
  • Nose, EPD, markings, ears
slide32

OOPS!

Hint: Go back and look at What to look for when identifying breeds slide.

slide33

Question 3

What are the three colors of pigs?

  • Red, white, and blue
  • Black, white, red
  • Gray, black, white
slide35

OOPS!

Hint: Go back and look at the Colors slide.

slide36

Question 4

What are the different markings?

  • Stars, spots, stripes
  • Belted, roan, speckles
  • Belted, spotted, points
slide38

OOPS!

Hint: Go back and look at the Markings slide.

slide39

Question 5

True or False: Ears can be either be droopy or erect.

  • True
  • False
slide41

OOPS!

Hint: Go back and look at the Ears slide.

slide42

Question 6

What breed is this and where did it originate?

  • Chester White- Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States
  • Berkshire- Shire of Berk, England
  • Duroc- Corn Belt and Eastern United States
slide44

OOPS!

Hint: Go back and look at the Swine Breeds slides

slide45

Question 7

What breed is this and what are its characteristics?

  • Duroc- Long-bodied, terminal sires
  • Hampshire- High-quality meat, terminal sires, hardiness.
  • Berkshire- Hardiness, known for mothering ability.
slide47

OOPS!

Hint: Go back and look at the Swine Breeds slidess

slide48

Question 8

What breed is this and what markings does it have?

  • Chester White- Solid
  • Duroc- Solid
  • Spot- Spotted
slide50

OOPS!

Hint: Go back and look at the Swine Breeds slidess

slide51

Question 9

What breed is this and are its ears droopy or erect?

  • Hampshire-erect
  • Landrace-droopy
  • Spot-droopy
slide53

OOPS!

Hint: Go back and look at the Swine Breeds slides

slide54

Question 10

What breed is this and where did it originate?

  • Yorkshire- Yorkshire County, England
  • Spot- Ohio, United States
  • Landrace- Denmark
slide56

OOPS!

Hint: Go back and look at the Swine Breeds slides

slide57

Congratulations!!!!

You have completed the lesson!

Click Here to End