Reconstruction to Civil Rights Day 3. Learning Targets.
Jim Crow law, Plessy vs. Ferguson, disenfranchisement, and racial violence.
Jim Crow laws were passed to establish “separate but equal” facilities for whites and blacks.
**Rarely were they equal to those set aside for whites.
law and gave states the right to
control social discrimination
and to promote segregation
of the races.
described each lynching as “a scar upon my soul.”
Booker T. Washington...
“If we are not striving for equality, in heaven’s name, for what are we living?... Now catch your breath, for I am going to use an adjective. I am going to say we demand social equality.”
+Offered vocational classes
for children, a health center,
and clubs for boys and girls.
+Provided financial aid for
needy families and pressured
city leaders to improve roads, lighting, and sanitation in African American neighborhoods in Atlanta.
Taking away the right to vote
Were able to vote
in 1867, this clause
kept most of
+ own property
+ pay a poll tax (tax to vote)
+ pass literacy tests
On the afternoon of Saturday, September 22, local newspaper headlines carried false reports of black assaults.
THE NAACP – National Association
for the Advancement of Colored
--Work for the rights of
1917: Neil Primary Act created “county unit system”
Plan designed to give small counties more power in state government
Smaller counties had more county unit “votes” even though they had fewer voters
People could be elected to office without getting a majority of votes
Declared unconstitutional in 1962
Former Slave from Social Circle
Barber and Entrepreneur
Founder and president of Atlanta Life Insurance Company.
Worked with Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. DuBois
At the time of his death in 1927, he was also Atlanta’s wealthiest black citizen, owning more property than any other African American.