Correlates of Infant Mortality by Race across Florida Counties. F. Stephen Bridges, Ed.D . and Karla Caillouet, M.S. Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science University of West Florida. Presentation Objectives. Study background Methods
F. Stephen Bridges, Ed.D. and Karla Caillouet, M.S.
Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science
University of West Florida
Why is the Infant Mortality Rate High in the US relative to other developed countries? The rate of infant mortality is much higher in the US among minorities, and is connected often to not only deaths for infants but also health risks to mothers. The infant mortality rate (IMR) is ~ 7 deaths per 1,000 births and is double the rate of most other industrialized countries (WHO, 2011). Black babies are reported dying at more than twice the rate of white babies (Mathews & MacDorman, 2011). The reasons cited by researchers are inequitable access to health care, esp. among those who are very poor, & among teens who have children, and health care not always equally available (CDC, 2011).
America’s infant-mortality puzzle. The Public Interest, 105, 30-47.
Lester, 1992 CountiesDr. David Lester using time series and ecological designs reported the changing rate of infant mortality over time and the variation in the rate of infant mortality across states were both found to be associated with rates of illegitimacy.
Minority Health Profile - Black
Florida Community Health Assessment Resource Tool Set
One correlate predicted the white IMR (multiple R= .25)
Rates of illegitimacy (percent of births to unwed mothers ages 15-19 years only; beta = -0.25, p = .042)
*Given the differences in IMR, i.e., for infants 0-364 days versus Lester’s infants aged 0-27days, and illegitimacy,i.e., 15-19 years versus Lester’s mothers of all child-bearing ages.
Infant CountiesMortality is a Personal Tragedy! Good medical advice and monitoring of a pregnancy is an important contributing factor to babies born at an appropriate birth weight, born full-term, and most importantly born healthy.