Year 11 Psychology – UNIT 1 Area of Study 1 Revision!. Psychology: The scientific study of human behaviour and mental processes. Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology.
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Psychology: The scientific study of human behaviour and mental processes
• Scope of psychology including specialist career fields and fields of application and their contribution to understanding human behaviour
• Classic and contemporary theories that have contributed to the development of psychology from philosophical beginnings to an empirical science, including the relationship between psychology and psychiatry
• Differences between contemporary psychological research methods and non-scientific approaches to investigating and explaining human behaviour
• Major perspectives (biological, behavioural, cognitive and socio-cultural) that govern how psychologists approach their research into human behaviour
• Research methods and ethics associated with the study of psychology.
Experimental research: construction of hypotheses; identification of independent, dependent and extraneous variables
Ethical principles and professional conduct: the role of the experimenter; protection and security of participants’ rights; confidentiality; voluntary participation; withdrawal rights; informed consent procedures; use of deception in research; debriefing
• Application of psychological perspectives to explain visual perception:
- Characteristics of the visual perceptual system and the visual processes involved in detecting and interpreting visual stimuli.
- The effect of psychological factors on perceptual set
- Distortions of visual perceptions by illusions
Structuralism-Wundt: Focused on the ‘structure’ of consciousness (1st Psych Lab – 1879)
Functionalism- James: Focused on the ‘functions’ of mental processes in different environments.
Psychoanalysis- Freud: Focus on the unconscious thoughts, feelings and inner needs.
Behaviourism – Watson: Focus on observable behaviours. (i.e. Changing environment can alter behaviour)
Humanism – Rogers: Focus on the uniqueness and goodness of each individual
-Can prescribe medication
It is hypothesised that all Year 11’s will do wonderfully on their psychology SAC’s tomorrow.
=> NEURAL ACTIVITY
=> ELECTRICAL IMPLUSES
=> VISUAL CORTEX
VISUAL PERCEPTION PRINCIPLES:Rules that we apply to visual information to assist our organisation and interpretation of the information in a consistent and meaningful way.
Depth Principles: The ability to accurately estimate the distance of objects and therefore perceive the world in three dimensions.
-Binocular depth cues (Requiring the use of both eyes)-Convergence-Retinal Disparity.-Monocular depth cues (Requiring the use of one eye only)-Accommodation-Pictorial cues: Linear perspective, interposition, texture gradient, relative size, height in the visual field