Clickable Table of Contents: • Introduction • Tasks • Groups • Presentation Requirements • Process • Language (Parts 1 & 2) • Medicine (Parts 1 & 2) • Music and Dance • (Parts 1 & 2) • Lenape Today • Evaluation • Conclusion Lenape Indians of New JerseyA Webquest for4th Graders
Family History Hello boys and girls. I need your help. I’ve been researching my family tree (my ancestors) and found the following stories told by one of my great aunts. These are stories that were handed down in my family from my great-great-great grandmother Sara who lived from 1799-1854. She named one of her children Peter. Here is a picture of her daughter, my great-great grandmother Catherine. I need to find out if the stories could be true. Can you help me?
Family History I found the following written account of her stories: Story 1: Once when the Indians were on the warpath, coming down the river, the settlers fled to the Pennsylvania side to take refuge in a stockade. But they had abandoned a boy who they thought was dying from smallpox, and expected the Indians to kill him. But at night, they looked down the river and saw a great fire, and watched the Indians take the boy and grease his body with lard or something, and then they held the boy up to the fire, and kept turning him around so that all parts of his body were baked by the heat. After a while, the Indians left, and in the morning when the white people returned to the Jersey side, they found the boy much better, and he soon became well. Story 2: When a chief died the Indians all left the region but the Chief’s son, called Peter by the white people, had become very friendly with my grandmother’s folks, and spent much of his time with them. A delegation of Indians came to get Peter to head their tribe, and go with them, but he refused and remained with the white settlers.
Could these stories be true? Through this WebQuest you will try to decide if these stories could be true based on what you discover. After the class presentation, you should be able to answer the following questions. • Who were the Lenape? When did they live in New Jersey? What happened to them? Do the Lenape still exist today? • What language did the Lenape speak? • Did the Lenape like music and dancing? What instruments did they use? What dances did they do? Why did they dance and sing? • What did the Lenape do if someone was sick? Who would they go see? What would that person do to cure them? What plants/rituals did they use? • Do you think the story of Peter marrying into my family could be true? Why or why not? • Do you think the story of the Indians curing the boy could be true? Why or why not?
Task: Groups • You will be divided into four groups to answer questions in the following areas: • Language • Medicine • Music and Dance • Lenape Migration • After researching your topic, you will answer the questions and create a presentation for the class. • The requirements and scoring of your presentation and worksheets can be found on the Presentation page and the rubric on the evaluation page. • Please note all presentation must include a picture. • At the end of the presentations, you should be able to answer questions about the presentations and make an informed decision about whether the family history story can be true and give yours reasons.
Lenape Migration Your task is to research where the Lenape lived in New Jersey, where they went and where they live today. The worksheet will provide you with the questions to be answered and the tasks for your group. Use the following links to find the information you need. Lenape leave NJ (map) LenapeLifeways (map) Events of Lenape History Lenape Today US Map link NJ Map link See the Evaluation page for the rubric.
Language – Part I Three members of your group will be responsible for teaching the class a few words in Lenape by making flashcards and presenting them. Each person in the group will be responsible for teaching 3-4 words from one of the following groups: • Animals • Colors • Body parts If you do not see the word you want, you may use the Lenape Talking dictionary. You may use the following tools to create your flashcards: • PowerPoint (one word per slide) – How to sheets are available • Word (one word per page) - How to sheets are available • Paper and Colored Pencil - we will scan them into a digital format You may use your own drawing, ClipArt or Google Images (free for reuse). Your flashcards should include a picture, the Lenape word, and the English word for that picture. (This part will be handed in and graded) You will present your words to the class using the Interactive Whiteboard. You should be able to pronounce the word in Lenape. Some of the words are hard to say so just do the best you can. Remember no one else in the room speaks Lenape either. Use the Lenape Talking dictionary for help
Language – Part 2 Two members of the group will prepare a short conversation in Lenape. Use the talking dictionary to create a brief conversation using at least 6 phrases or sentences. Remember in a conversation, you may be using one word or a few words together. You will each choose 3 sentences or phrases for the conversation. You may look at the Lessons tab in the dictionary for help. Write out your conversation in English then write it out inLenape. (You can write out how the lenape words sound underneath them to help you in your presentation.) The written conversation will be turned in. Remember to put BOTH your names on the paper. You will then present your conversation to the class with each person speaking their sentences. See the rubric and presentation page for information about your presentation and worksheets.
Medicine Part I Read the articles below and find out how the Native Americans cured the sick. Each person will read about a different aspect of Native American healing and the answer the question(s) that follow. Then come together to share your information and do the group activity on the next page. • Skillful Healers (each person will research one of the two types of healers) Herbalist (article and video segment 2:30-4:50) Shaman (article and video segment 4:50-end) Who were the healers and what did they do? • What plants and herbs did they use and what did they use them for? 3. What was a sweat lodge and why was it used? Also view video segment 0:00-1:42
MedicinePart 2 In the story, the Native Americans cure the boy. Discuss what you learned with the group. Answer the following questions as a group based on what you have learned: You may choose one person to record your answers on the worksheet. 1. Do you think the story could be true? Why or Why not? 2. What do you think the Native Americans were trying to do? • Who would have been at the ceremony? (Discuss your ideas among your group.) EACH MEMBER OF THE GROUP MUST CONTRIBUTE TO THIS ANSWER ) You will make a presentation of your findings to the class. (See rubric and presentation page for what is expected in the presentation)
Music and DancePart I Your group is responsible for telling the class about the music and dance of the Lenape. Not much is known about this subject. You will need to make some inferences and draw your own conclusions. Read the articles below and watch the videos. Then answer the questions on the worksheet to help guide you. 2 members will be in charge of music and 3 members will learn about dance. (use the links below) After viewing your video or reading your article, the group will come back together. Each member of the group will share what they have learned with the rest. Together you will answer the questions on the worksheet to present to the class. MUSIC: LenapeLifewaysPowwow Songs Red Blanket Singers2 Red Blanket Singers Dance: Honoring the Lenape: Shawl Dance view 0:00-1:34 Honoring the Lenape: Traveling Song view 4:20-end Butterfly Dance & Straight Dance
Music and DancePart 2 Now you’ll get to try out your musical and dancing talent. Using the drum and sticks provided practice playing along with the Red Blanket Singers. No, you don’t have to sing. Dancers will try to imitate one of the dances they have seen in beat to the music. You may use either song below. You’ll present your version along with the video to the class. Use one of the videos below to practice. Red Blanket Singers2 Red Blanket Singers See the rubric and presentation page for information about your presentation and worksheets.
Task : Presentation: Requirements • Each person/group has a written assignment to hand in and a group presentation to make. • Worksheets may be hand written or typed. • Be sure to include the names of everyone of the group on the group assignments and your individual name on the individual assignments. • Presentations may be made using any of the following presentation tools : • PowerPoint • Word • Paper and Pencil • Do not just read off the paper, worksheet or slide:. • Be able to tell in your own words what you found. • All presentations must include pictures. Pictures can be used from the following sources: • ClipArt • Google Images (licensed for reuse) • Your own artwork • You should be able to have good eye contact with your audience. • See the rubric on the Evaluation page for more detail of how you will be graded.
Conclusion • I hope you have enjoyed learning more about the Lenape Indians of New Jersey. • So what do you think? Are the stories true? Why or Why not? • What was the most interesting thing you learned? • Are you ready to learn more??!!