1325 in un peace keeping missions november 28 2013 maud edgren schori pierre schori
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1325 in UN Peace Keeping Missions November 28, 2013 Maud Edgren-Schori Pierre Schori. Indevelop. UN Resolution 1325: Women, Peace and Security. Maud Edgren-Schori. 1325 in UN peacekeeping missions Presentation 09.00 – 12.00 AM. Introduction (PS, ME-S) UN Peace Keeping (PS) Break

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1325 in un peace keeping missions november 28 2013 maud edgren schori pierre schori
1325 in UN Peace Keeping MissionsNovember 28, 2013Maud Edgren-SchoriPierre Schori


UN Resolution 1325:

Women, Peace and


Maud Edgren-Schori

1325 in un peacekeeping missions presentation 09 00 12 00 am
1325 in UN peacekeeping missionsPresentation 09.00 – 12.00 AM
  • Introduction (PS, ME-S)
  • UN Peace Keeping (PS)
  • Break
  • Gender Mainstreaming, Human Rights: guidingdocuments (ME-S)
  • Gender Advisor in the Field (ME-S)
  • Legstretcher
  • SC Resolutions and Mandates ONUCI (PS)
  • Responsibility to Protect - R2P (PS)
  • Q and A


Dag Hammarskjöld (1905 – September 18, 1961) served from April 1953 until his death in a plane crash. He is the only person to have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize posthumously.

C F Reuterswärd, 1980

The Blue Helmets were created by Hammarskjöld and his team.

Three guiding principles for PKO:s:

The UN BlueHelmets

  • shall have the consent of the parties,
  • be impartial and
  • use force only in self-defence or in

defence of the mandate.

UN Peacekeeping

Began in 1948 when the Security Council authorized the deployment of UN military observers to the Middle East and Pakistan.

The observers role were to monitor the Armistice Agreement

  • between Israel and its Arab neighbors (UNTSO) and
  • in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)

Both of these missions continue operating to this day.

67 peacekeeping operations have been deployed by the UN, 54 of them since 1988. Over the years, hundreds of thousands of military personnel, as well as tens of thousands of UN police and other civilians from more than 120 countries have participated in UN peacekeeping operations.

The Suez and the Congo Crises

The earliest armed peacekeeping operation was the UN Emergency Force (UNEF) deployed successfully in 1956 to address the Suez Crisis.

The UN Operation in the Congo (ONUC), launched in 1960, was the first large-scale mission having nearly 20,000 military personnel at its peak.

ONUC demonstrated the risks involved in trying to bring stability to war-torn regions – 250 UN personnel died while serving on that mission, including the Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold.

UN PK workforce (March 2013)
  • 77.891 troops, 1.802 military observers, 12.540 police personnel
  • 5.090 international civilian personnel; 11.701 local civilian staff. 2.089 UN Volunteers
  • 116 countries contributed


gender mainstreaming
Gender Mainstreaming

… assessing the implications for women and men in any action, including legislation, politics and programmes

… making concerns and experiences of women and men an integral part of design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programmes, so that women an men benefit equally

Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Commisssion on HR established 1946
  • UDHR was adopted in 1948
  • 9 HR conventions (1965 – 2006)
international agreements
International Agreements


Legallybinding for the nations thatratified


Morallybinding, not legally.


Bindingwhenadopted by the SC

guiding documents
Guiding documents
  • HR Conventions
  • Beijing Platform of Action
  • National policies on GE
  • UN Agencies gender policy
  • UNSCR 1325/2000, 1820/2008,1888/2009,1960/2010, 2106/2013, 2122/2013
  • UNSC resolutions
  • UN policies on Gender, Codes of Conduct
gender advisor undp assignments examples
Gender Advisor UNDPassignments (examples)

Training (In-house + partners)

Drafting Gender Policy Declaration/Strategic Action Plan (CI) /National Gender Policy (L)

Reviewing of Programs/Projects

Data collection/Needsassessment (G)

Develop program: ”Women in Peace and Reconciliation” (CI)

Resource mobilisation (CI)

gaps in gender mainstreaming are caused by
Gaps in Gender Mainstreaming are caused by:
  • Resistance
  • Ignorance
  • Indifference
gender perspective requires
Gender Perspective requires
  • Knowledge
  • Commitment
  • Priority
  • Resources
key commitments in un sc resolution 1325 2000 women peace and security
Key commitments in UN SC Resolution 1325(2000)Women, Peace and Security
  • Participation of women in peace processes on all levels
  • Protection of women and girls and respect for their rights including fight against GBV
  • Gender perspective in PKO
who is responsible for implementing 1325 and other unscr
Who is responsible for implementing 1325 and other UNSCR?
  • UN Security Council
  • UN Secretary-General
  • UN Member States/TCCs
  • Armed groups – national militaries, rebel groups, etc.
  • Humanitarian agencies
  • Mediators in peace negotiations
onuci established 2004
ONUCI (established 2004)

March 2013:

  • Troops 9.358 (113 w)
  • Military Experts 193 (13 w)
  • Police 509 (54 w)
  • FPU 998 (0 w)
tcc in c te d ivoire
TCC in Côte d’Ivoire
  • Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Chad, China, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, France, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, India, Ireland, Jordan, Malawi, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, RoKorea, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Serbia, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Tanzania, Uruguay, Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe
laurent gbagbo former president of c te d ivoire
Laurent Gbagbo, former President of Côte d’Ivoire
  • Warrant of arrest issued 23 November 2011. Transfer to the ICC 30 November 2011. Charges hearing: 19-28 February 2013

Laurent Gbagbo allegedlybearsindividualcriminal

responsibility, as indirectco-perpetrator, for four (4) counts

of crimesagainsthumanity:

  • murder
  • rape and other sexual violence

3) persecution and

4) other inhuman acts, allegedly committed in the context

of post-electoral violence in the territory of Côte d’Ivoire

between 16 December 2010 and 12 April 2011

discrimination of women definition cedaw 1979
Discrimination of WomenDefinition (CEDAW 1979)

any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of the marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.