Monitoring. By Kerry Kirk Pflugh Chief Raritan Bureau. Examples of Ambient Monitoring. NJDEP / USGS Cooperative Ambient SW & GW Networks Existing Water Quality Network Ambient Biomonitoring Network Fish IBI. Monitoring & Assessment Programs.
Monitoring By Kerry Kirk Pflugh Chief Raritan Bureau
Examples of Ambient Monitoring • NJDEP / USGS Cooperative Ambient SW & GW Networks • Existing Water Quality Network • Ambient Biomonitoring Network • Fish IBI
Monitoring & Assessment Programs • Ambient Surface water & Ground water monitoring networks • Cooperative program with USGS to develop and maintain a chemical / physical database for use in establishing status and trends in both water and stream sediment quality. • 115 Stations in the surface water network, and 150 in the ground water network.
Monitoring & Assessment Programs • Ambient Biomonitoring Network (AMNET) • Statewide network of over 800 biological monitoring stations providing the framework for ecological assessments of impairment in every watershed and sub-watershed. • Based upon benthic macroinvertebrate population data. • Every station sampled once every five years, on a rotational schedule.
Monitoring & Assessment Programs • Ambient Biomonitoring Network (AMNET) • Biomonitoring, by itself, does not provide cause/effect assessment. However, when combined with other sources of data, such as ambient chemical monitoring data, NJPDES Discharge monitoring data, and Non-Point Source monitoring data, it becomes a vital element in an overall watershed assessment.
TYPES OF VOLUNTEER MONITORING Biological Assessment Team River Assessment Teams Chemical Assessment Teams
GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Perform RATs and BATs • Train community groups in RATs and BATs • Educate citizens about watersheds and watershed related issues
RATS and BATS • A state-wide volunteer initiative • A great way to be involved in a community effort to support your habitat • Can lead to direct restorative action being taken in the watershed • The rivers and streams need your help • Fantastic way to involve whole families in watershed action
VOLUNTEER MONITORING • Become more familiar with the streams in your area. • Knowledge is power. By collecting and collating data, we become empowered to affect a positive change. • Quantify the effects of long-term nonpoint source pollution • Protect the most vital resource we have! • It is fun!
VOLUNTEER MONITORING How? • Take an Americorps/NJDEP workshop • Fill out a volunteer monitoring form • Adopt a site • - sample site no more than 4 times a year • - choose sites other than NJDEP monitoring • sites
VOLUNTEER MONITORING Why? • Become more familiar with the streams in • your area • Quantify the effects of long • term nonpoint source • pollution • NJDEP needs help gathering data
VOLUNTEER MONITORING INFORMATION FORM • Name of individual or organization • What Watershed Management Area number/region will you be monitoring in? • Which waterway will you be monitoring? (Please be as specific as possible?) • What type of monitoring will you perform? • What are you or the organization hoping to accomplish through volunteer monitoring? • What is the intended purpose of the data collected?
VOLUNTEER MONITORING FORM • Tells NJDEP who you are and where you’re monitoring • Decreases duplicated efforts • Assists NJDEP in helping you attain your sampling goals
WHY BUGS? Benthic Macroinvertebrates are good indicators of water quality because: • They live in the same portion of the stream • most of their lives • Certain macroinvertebrates are more sensitive to • pollution than others • These particular invertebrates are sampled • because they can be seen with the naked eye
STREAM BOTTOM TYPES Muddy Bottom Streams Rocky Bottom Streams
FIELD EQUIPMENT • Nets: D-Frame Net (Muddy Bottom) • Kick-seine (Rocky Bottom) • Bug Identification Tools • Collection/Sorting Equipment • Thermometer • Attire
Muddy Bottom total of 20 scoops Sample 4 types of habitats stream-side sorting Rocky Bottom site with riffles kick-seine placement rock rubbing stream-side sorting SAMPLING TECHNIQUES
SIDE ONE • Monitoring group • information • Sampling specifics • Site characteristics • Macroinvertebrate counts • Water quality rating
SIDE TWO • Stream characterization • Land uses • Discharge pipe • information • Comments
River Assessment Assunpink Creek at Roosevelt Nov 6th 2000 Miry Run at Rte 533, Hamilton Twp. Nov. 6th 2000 Assunpink Creek, Roosevelt December 16th
RATS DATA • Canopy cover • Riparian vegetation • Stream alteration • Manmade structures • Outfalls • Water conditions/Surface coatings • Potential nonpoint pollution sources
What can the Data be used for? • Supporting information at planning board hearings to show potential impacts of a proposed development • Identification of “action now” projects in the Watershed Management Planning process • Monitoring the success/failure of restoration projects • Development of the impaired stream list required under section 305(b) of the Clean Water Act • Identify areas for open space acquisition