THE RIGHT TO A CHILD. INTRODUCTION. The first test-tube baby, Louise Brown , was born on 25 July 1978 at Oldham and District General Hospital. The consultant PATRICK STEPTOE was part of the team that developed in vitro fertilisation (IVF) .
It can be argued the women should have the right of freedom of choice if IVF is available.
Therefore, to deny a woman motherhood is against her natural rights.
However, the naturalistic fallacy can be used to counter this argument. A woman may, by nature, be motherly, but this does not mean that she has the right to be a mother.
This is the spare embryoproblem.
a. The embryos may be frozen and made available for later implantation.
b. They may be used in medical research or donated to other women.
c. Alternatively they may be destroyed.
(If used in medical research all embryos must be destroyed within 14 days of fertilisation).
This is the donor father problem.
In the UK, women under 40 can have two embryos implanted, and women over 40 three.
But in some countries larger numbers are implanted to increase the chances of success. This can result in multiple births, with as many as 8 babies being born.
This issues relates to the age and sexualityof the parent-to-be.