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Volunteer mappers: Who are they and why do they map?. Nama Budhathoki, PhD Candidate University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. U.S. Geological Survey Volunteered Geographic Information Workshop January12-13, 2010. Traditional model of GI production and use. Budhathoki et. al (2008).

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volunteer mappers who are they and why do they map
Volunteer mappers: Who are they and why do they map?

Nama Budhathoki, PhD Candidate

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

U.S. Geological Survey Volunteered Geographic Information Workshop

January12-13, 2010

vgi and its implications
VGI and its implications

Budhathoki et. al (2008)

hypothesis
Hypothesis
  • Laypeople, armatures (Goodchild 2007; Miller 2006)
  • Altruism (Goodchild 2007, Sui 2008)
  • Others………….
empirical study
Empirical study
  • What contributory behavior do volunteer mappers demonstrate?
  • Who are those mappers?
  • Why do they map?
theoretical framework for vgi motivational study
Theoretical framework for VGI motivational study
  • Unique ethos
  • Learning
  • Fun
  • Instrumentality
  • Recreation
  • Meeting self need
  • Altruism
  • Recognition
  • Career
  • Reciprocity
  • Community
  • Monetary
  • Socio-political
  • More………...

Clary et al. (1998), Clary and Synder (1999); Stebbins (1982), Gould et al. (2008); Wasko and Faraj (2005), Lee et al. (2008), Hertel et al. (2003), Shah (2006), Hippel and Krogh (2003), Nov (2007),

overall picture
Overall picture

Registered Users

117,000

Mappers

33452 (29%)

Non-mappers

83548 (71%)

One-timers

14834 (44%)

>100 nodes

(46%)

>1000

(21%)

>10000

(5%)

>100000

(0.6%)

Source: www.openstreetmap.org

http://downloads.cloudmade.com/ (Accessed on April, 2009)

motivations
Motivations

……………commercial mapping products are constantly failing us up here in rural Quebec. On a number of occasions my husband and I have both wished that we could just upload our own GPS data to fix the existing maps.

It's all frustratingly out of date--showing non-existent logging roads as real streets, and not showing major interurban routes. I suspect that in many rural parts of Canada neither government nor industry has any motivation to verify old data.

Mapper A

motivations1
Motivations

Being an author of books which are using maps, I am not able to pay royalty fees to map companies like google or teleatlas.

Mapper B

It's a lot of fun, and it's nice to see your work appear 1-2 hours after it's done available to the whole world :)

Mapper C

…………………..I love to see the area around where I live accurately mapped (and updated in a timely manner). I get enormous satisfactionout of this entire process as well as know that I'm contributing towards a valuable resource that others can use. I also enjoying exploring on my bike new areas that I'm mapping - I've discovered some cool suburban places that I never new existed - often within meters of roads that I drive down regularly.

Mapper D

I

vgi conceptual framework

Motivational Arena

Outcome Arena

Action & Interaction

Arena

Evaluative Criteria

Value

Quality

Credibility

Privacy

Copyright

Coverage

Sustainability

Social justice

Others...........

Others

Context of Participation

C

O

N

T

R

I

B

U

T

I

O

N

Contributory Mechanism

Motivations

Personal

Structure

Intrinsic

Social

Action

Extrinsic

Technological

Norms/

Rules-in-use

VGI Conceptual Framework

Budhathoki et. al (Under review)

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Diverse motivations; Orthodox economics theories alone can not explain it
  • Investigative, creative , expressive and social instincts
  • Pleasure of creation
  • Implications for designing volunteered mapping programs
acknowledgement
Acknowledgement
  • OSM community and survey respondents, in particular
  • Zorica Nedovic-Budic, Chip Bruce,

Muki Haklay, Lew Hopkins, and Caroline Haythornthwaite

more http budhathoki wordpress com nbudhat2@illinois edu thanks for listening
More :http://budhathoki.wordpress.com nbudhat2@illinois.eduThanks for listening!