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Aim: How did the idea of Manifest Destiny change America?. Do Now: Take 3 min. And write Down Whatever you See in the pic. What is Manifest Destiny?. Belief that the U.S. should acquire all the land into the Pacific Ocean and Mexican Territory.

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aim how did the idea of manifest destiny change america

Aim: How did the idea of Manifest Destiny change America?

Do Now:

Take 3 min.

And write

Down

Whatever you

See in the pic.

what is manifest destiny
What is Manifest Destiny?
  • Belief that the U.S. should acquire all the land into the Pacific Ocean and Mexican Territory.
  • Fulfilling Thomas Jefferson’s idea that one day U.S. would become an “empire of liberty.”
  • Name was created by John L. O’Sullivan, a newspaper editor.
john l o sullivan s quote
John L. O’Sullivan’s quote
  • “The American people having derived their origin from many other nations, and the Declaration of National Independence being entirely based on the great principle of human equality, these facts demonstrate at once our disconnected position as regards any other nation; that we have, in reality, but little connection with the past history of any of them, and still less with all antiquity, its glories, or its crimes. On the contrary, our national birth was the beginning of a new history, the formation and progress of an untried political system, which separates us from the past and connects us with the future only; and so far as regards the entire development of the natural rights of man, in moral, political, and national life, we may confidently assume that our country is destined to be the great nation of futurity. “
americans headed west to
Americans headed west to…
  • Americans hungry for land
  • Seek employment and avoid creditors after Panic of 1837.

3. Claim land for farming, ranching, and mining.

4. Immigrants created a need for more space

5. Merchants and manufacturers believed expansion would create new markets.

6. New ports on the West coast

black hawk war
BLACK HAWK WAR
  • Most Native Americans tried to maintain strong cultural traditions.
  • In 1830s, white settlers in western Illinois and eastern Iowa placed pressure on Native American people to move west.
  • Chief Black Hawk of the Sauk Tribe stepped in and refused.
  • Eventually lost and had to move.
fort laramie treaty
FORT LARAMIE TREATY
  • U.S. representatives called a conference to “maintain good faith and friendship in all their mutual intercourse, and to make an effective and lasting peace.”
  • Provided various Native American nations control of the Central Plains.
  • Native Americans had to promise not to attack anyone.
summary
SUMMARY
  • Do you think U.S. was justified in fulfilling Manifest Destiny?
    • Why or why not?
sante fe trail
SANTE FE TRAIL
  • Santa Fe Trail
    • Independence, Missouri to Santa Fe, capital for Spanish Mexico
    • Trade route
    • Traded cloth, books, hardware for Mexican silver coins, wool, animals
oregon trail
Oregon Trail
  • 2,000 miles from Independence, Missouri to Willamette Valley in Oregon
  • Treacherous conditions on the trail
  • In 1859 Oregon became the 33rd state
mormon trail
Mormon Trail
  • Joseph Smith
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
  • Traveled to present day Utah to escape religious persecution
  • By 1860 dozens of settlements in the west
the gold rush
The Gold Rush
  • Largest single migration west
  • President James K. Polk caused gold fever
  • Mass migration to California of miners and businesspeople
  • California Trail
  • Cities formed (San Francisco)
effects of westward migration
Effects of Westward Migration
  • Railroad tracks ended use of trails
  • Oregon Treaty
    • Treaty between Britain and US
    • 54 40 or fight!
    • Boundary at 49th parallel
  • Pony Express
    • Mail service
    • Open communications
slide17

Manifest Destiny was used to justify an American desire to

1. limit the number of immigrants entering the country

2. control the area located east of the Appalachian Mountains

3. expand the United States to the Pacific Ocean

4. warn European countries against colonizing Latin America