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American Government. The Balance of Freedom and Order. FREEDOM. ORDER. The Declaration Of Independence. The Constitution. ORDER. JEFFERSONIAN. MADISONIAN. 1791. WHAT IS THE MAIN PURPOSE OF GOVERNMENT?. To maintain the balance of freedom and order!. CORE PRINCIPLES.

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American government

American Government

The Balance

of

Freedom and Order


FREEDOM

ORDER

The Declaration

Of

Independence

The

Constitution

ORDER

JEFFERSONIAN

MADISONIAN

1791


What is the main purpose of government
WHAT IS THE MAIN PURPOSE OF GOVERNMENT?

To maintain the balance

of freedom and order!


Core principles
CORE PRINCIPLES


CIVIC VIRTUE

A person looks out for the commongood


The people are the

highest authority;

“We the people, ….”

POPULAR SOVEREIGNITY


REPRESENTATIVE

DEMOCRACY

REPUBLIC

We elect leaders to

speak on our behalf


PLURALISM

Diversity

People are allowed and

encouraged to be different

We ARE a nation

of Immigrants!


NATURAL RIGHTS

Inalienable Rights

Rights for all humans at birth

1948 UN passed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which officially extended natural rights to all

John Locke(1600s):

Life, Liberty, and Property

you are born with these

rights


The government will protect

the rights of the people

and the people will obey the

government’s laws.

Contract/Agreement

that must be

JUSTANDMUTUAL

SOCIAL CONTRACT



Declaration of Independence

Written by Thomas Jefferson on July 3, 1776

The USA formally expressed their status as a free and independent state, no longer colonies of Great Britain


Articles of Confederation

Original explanation of the government and lawbefore the Constitutionwas adopted

Supreme law from

1781-1789


CONSTITUTION:

Fundamental law and structure of the US government. Framed 1787, ratified 1789 amended variously since.

***Treason only crime dealt with in original!


BILL OF RIGHTS

First 10 amendments to the Constitution, added in 1791 to protect certain essential rights to citizens.


FEDERALIST PAPERS

Series of essays written by supporters of ratification of the Constitution to convince others of its worth.


6 goals of constitution
6 Goals of Constitution

To form a more perfect union

Establish justice

Ensure domestic tranquility


Provide for the common defense

Promote the general welfare

Secure the blessings of liberty


3 branches of
3 Branches of

WHY DID THE FOUNDING FATHERS

SEPARATE THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT?


Legislative branch of government
Legislative Branch of Government

  • BICAMERAL

  • SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES


State representatives
State Representatives…

  • Serve 2 year terms

  • Qualifications???

    • a. at least 25 years old

    • b. a US citizen for 7 years

    • c. reside in state elected from

  • 435 members

  • Representation based on state population

  • http://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/VC/visitor_info/our_house/who.htm


    State Senate

    • serve 6 year terms

    • Qualifications???:

      • a. at least 30 years old

      • b. US citizen for 9 yrs

      • c. must live in state elected from

  • 50 members

  • Can you name the 2

    PA State Senators?

    Pat Toomey and Robert Casey

    • Vice President


    How does a bill become a law
    How does a bill become a law?

    Let’s watch this short and find out!

    http://www.teachertube.com/view_video.php?viewkey=4bd0cf05c37c246f215f

    So, let’s talk about the process of a

    bill becoming law…


    Congressional powers
    CONGRESSIONAL POWERS

    Makes Laws

    Establish budget

    Declare war

    Impeach

    Approve presidential appointments

    Ratify Treaties


    Executive branch of government
    Executive Branch of Government

    • Electoral College (NOT Popular Vote)

    • Qualifications???

      • a. 35 years old

      • b. Natural born citizen

      • c. live in the US for 14 consecutive years


    Who assists the president in the

    decision making process?

    • The Cabinet

    • Can you name

      any members of

      The current

      Cabinet???


    The Vice President

    Joe Biden

    Department ofHomeland SecuritySecretary Jeh Johnson


    Power responsibilities of the president
    Power & Responsibilities of the President

    • Chief Executive--enforce laws

    • Commander in Chief of Military

    • Controls US Foreign Policy

    • Indirect legislative powers

      • (suggestions…influence)

  • Indirect Judicial Powers

    • (Appoints Justices)

  • Chief of State


  • What qualifications do

    YOU think a future president should have?


    Judicial branch of government
    Judicial Branch of Government

    INNOCENT UNTIL PROVENGUILTY!


    • 9 members of the Supreme Court

    • Currently Appointed Judges:

      • CHIEF JUSTICE -- John Roberts

      • Clarence Thomas

      • Antonin Scalia

      • Anthony M. Kennedy

      • Ruth Bader Ginsburg

      • Sonia Sotomayor

      • Stephen Breyer

      • Samuel Alito Jr

      • Elena Kagan


    • Establish Uniformity in the law

      • (Between States)

    • Address a relevant issue (Constitutionality of laws and their implementation)

  • Judicial Review:

    • 1803 Allows the Supreme Court to declare laws or executive actions unconstitutional or illegal


  • Habeas Corpus:

    • “Bring the body”

    • oneCAN NOTbe held in jailWITHOUTa BODY ofEVIDENCEpresented against them

  • Do you know of any famous Supreme Court decisions?


    • Serve life terms

      • to remove them from campaigning

        • (Constitution over popularity)

  • When does a president assume more control of the government and the system of checks and balances becomes suspended?

    • War or State of Disaster


  • Civil liberties rights
    CIVIL LIBERTIES/RIGHTS

    Rights or privileges guaranteed to United States Citizens under the Constitution


    1 st amendment freedom of
    1st Amendment - Freedom of…

    SPEECH

    Includes expression and lifestyle

    RELIGION

    Protects minority religions

    PRESS

    An informed public is better able to make decisions


    2nd Amendment

    The Right to Bear Arms

    Private citizens can own guns


    4th Amendment

    • Protects against

      • unjust arrest

      • illegal searches or seizures

      • excessive bail

  • Police need a warrant unless there is a probable cause

    *** Different rules in SCHOOL!!!


  • 5th and 6th Amendments

    Establish Due Process

    • Due Process

      • “Innocent until proven guilty”

  • Protects the rights of the ACCUSED

    • No Self-Incrimination

    • Right to an Attorney

    • Right to a speedy, public trial


  • 8th Amendment

    What is cruel or unusual punishment???

    • Protects against excessive use of power

      • No Cruel or Unusual punishment

        • No torture!


    Civic responsibilities
    CIVIC RESPONSIBILITIES

    • TAXES:

      • LOCAL property taxes

        • Police, sewage, community events, etc.

        • 85% funds education

  • STATE- communication/transportation systems,

    state parks/reserves/police, recreation,higher education (state schools), prison system

  • FEDERAL-Defense: FBI, CIA, Armed Forces

    • Welfare, salaries of gov’t employees, national parks



    • ABIDE BY LAWS:

      • What laws do we break?

      • What laws do we view as flexible?

    • MILITARY SERVICE:

      Draft

      OR

      Volunteer

      OR

      Conscientious Objector


    • Volunteer:

      • Freedom from heavy government

        • civic virtue=participation and support

        • Virtuous Institutions

          • Religious Institutions

          • Volunteer firemen

          • Red Cross


    Activism
    ACTIVISM

    • METHODS:

      • Speeches

      • Editorial letters

      • Songs

      • Demonstrations

        • Marches and Boycotts

        • Terrorist attack

        • Revolution

        • Mutiny

        • Riot

        • Strike/Work Struggle


    • Famous American Activists:

      • Martin Luther King, Jr.

      • Eleanor Roosevelt

      • Woody Guthrie

      • Harriet Tubman

      • Upton Sinclair

      • Dorothea Lange

      • Thomas Nast

      • John Muir

      • Cesar Chavez

      • Mary “Mother” Jones

      • John Scopes

      • Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony


    • ACTIVIST ORGANIZATIONS

      • KKK

      • ADL

      • Nat’l Org. of Women

      • Sierra Club

      • Black Panther Party

      • SNCC

      • PETA

      • ACLU

      • NAACP

      • Amnesty International

      • Christian Coalition


    Bill of rights
    Bill of Rights

    • 2nd Amendment: The Right to Bear Arms

      • Citizens may own guns

    • 3rd Amendment: Prohibits quartering troops

      • Gov’t may not require citizens to house US troops

    • 7th Amendment: Juries for civil trials

      • Trials between private parties include juries

    • 9th Amendment: Unenumerated Rights

      • People have rights that are not expressly listed

    • 10th Amendment: Reserved Powers

      • Powers not delegated to Federal gov’t are reserved to the states