Colonial Discontent U.S History Mr. Szyzdek
Wars of Empire • France, Britain, Spain and the Netherlands were the major players in colonization throughout the world. • In North America, Britain's greatest rival was France. • French controlled territory that extended from the St. Lawrence River to the Gulf of Mexico.
French and Indian War, 1754 • Both claimed Ohio River Valley • French built forts close to British Settlements • British population 1,500,000 vs. French 70,000 • French treated Natives better than British colonists did. • Natives sided with French during the conflict. • Wars were fought not only in North America but all over the world.
Pontiac’s Rebellion, 1763 • Treaty of Paris: British got Canada, Great Lakes, Ohio River Valley, Florida. • Natives were angered because British stopped supplying them with goods. • Many tribes allied together and began to harass British settlements and forts. • Eventually, Natives ran out of gun powder. • Britain and Natives made peace.
Why did the British tighten their control over the colonies? • British interest in the colonies grew mainly because they were in debt from their “wars of empire.” (French and Indian War, Pontiac’s Rebellion) • The colonies: • Were viewed as a source of money • Should be responsible for paying off the debt.
British Laws that Affected the Colonies • Proclamation of 1763 • Reduced tension between the colonists and the Native Americans • The Army would be withdrawn and save government money • This angered colonists because the British seemed to be on the side of the Indians. • Sugar Act of 1764 • The law set taxes on cloth, sugar, coffee and wine.
Stamp Act, 1765 • Imposed taxes on every legal document, pamphlet, newspaper, and deck of cards • Quartering Act, 1765 • Required innkeepers and public officials to house and feed British soldiers • Declaratory Act, 1766 • This law gave Parliament the right to pass laws for the colonies in “all cases whatsoever” and reminded them who was boss! • Tea Act, 1773 • Gave the East India Company the sole right to sell tea to the colonists and raised the tea tax!
Resistance Against the British • Colonists began to protest against the British • Colonists were angered over the lack of colonial representation in Parliament…they were paying taxes but had little say. • “No taxation without representation” became the slogan against the burdening taxes set by Britain
The Boston Massacre, 1770 • British soldiers had been sent to Boston to enforce the laws passed by Parliament • Tensions had been rising between the colonists and soldiers • On the night of March 5, 1770 some colonists began harassing the soldiers. • Some began throwing snowballs and rocks at the soldiers • One of the soldiers who was hit opened fire on the crowd • 5 colonists eventually were killed
The Boston Tea Party, 1773 • Grew out of colonial protests, “No taxation without representation” • On Dec. 16th, a group of men boarded the ships carrying the taxed tea • They dumped all the tea into the harbor • In response Parliament passed a set of acts called the Intolerable Acts: • Closed the harbor and required the colonists to pay for the tea • Revised the quartering act • Colonial government was brought under the control of the King