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American History ch. 20. 1. In the 1920s, _________& __________ increased. Immigration & ex-military men & women competed for the same jobs during time of high unemployment. Sec 1.

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american history ch 20

American History ch. 20

1. In the 1920s, _________& __________ increased. Immigration & ex-military men & women competed for the same jobs during time of high unemployment.

sec 1
Sec 1
  • 2. Ethnic prejudice was the basis of the __________ and ___________case, in which the two immigrant men were accused of murder and theft. They were thought to be anarchist, or opposed to all forms of gov’t. Sacco & Vanzetti were sentenced to death.
  • 3. ____________ believed that human inequalities were inherited & thought inferior people should not be allowed to breed.
sec 11
Sec 1
  • 4. The _______________ led the movement to restrict immigration. This group also targeted African Americans, Catholics, Jews, & other groups who were “un-American”. The KKK had over __ million members from the south to some Northern cities. Scandals and poor leadership led to the decline of the KKK.
sec 12
Sec 1
  • 5. In 1921 President ________ signed the Emergency Quota Act, limiting immigration to _% of the total number of any ethnic group already living in the US.
  • 6. A “new morality” challenged traditional ideas & glorified youth & personal freedom.
sec 13
Sec 1
  • 7. Women’s fashion changed in the 1920s. The ________, a young, dramatic, stylish, & unconventional woman; which also changed women’s behavior. What kind of changes you think took place?
  • 8. Some Americans felt that this new change would led to a social ______. They would start a religious movement called ___________________.
sec 14
Sec 1
  • 9. Fundamentalists rejected Darwin’s theory of __________. They believed in ____________ – that God created the world as described in the Bible.
  • 10. In 1925 ___________ passed the Butler Act, which made it illegal to teach anything that denied creationism & taught evolution instead.
sec 15
Sec 1
  • 11. The debate between evolutionists & creationists came to a head with the ________ Trial. John Scopes a biology teacher taught _________ in his class, testing the Butler Act. He was arrested, put on trial & found guilty. But the case was later overturned.
sec 16
Sec 1
  • 12. Many people felt the passage of the ___th Amendment, which prohibited alcohol would reduce unemployment, domestic violence, and poverty.
  • 13. The __________ Dept. was responsible for the enforcement of Prohibition through the Volstead Act.
sec 17
Sec 1
  • 14. Americans ignored the laws of Prohibition. They went to secret bars called _____________, where alcohol could be purchased. ______ became big business, and gangsters corrupted many local politicians & government’s.
sec 2
Sec 2
  • 1. ____ began to become more influential during the 1920s.
  • 2. Chicago poet Carl ____________ used speech to glorify the Midwest & include nature as part of American life.
  • 3. The economic prosperity of the 1920s afforded many Americans leisure time for enjoying _________, ______ & the theater.
sec 21
Sec 2
  • 4. Radio, motion pictures, and newspapers gave rise to a new interest in sports. Sports figures, such as ___________ (nickname) and heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey were famous.
  • 5. The first “talking” picture, The _____________, was made in 1927.
sec 22
Sec 2
  • 6. The _______ media- radio, movies, newspapers, and magazines – helped break down the focus on local interests. Mass media helped unify the nation and spread new ideas & attitudes.
sec 3
Sec 3
  • 1. The _________________ occurred when hundreds of thousands of African Americans from the rural _____ headed to industrial cities in the ______ with the hope of a better life.
  • 2. In New York City’s neighborhood of ________, African Americans created environments that stimulated artistic development, racial pride, & a sense of community. This became known as the ______________________.
sec 31
Sec 3
  • 3. Claude ___________ became the first important writer of the H. R.
  • 4. Langston Hughes became the leading voice of the African American experience in the US.
  • 5. ______________ introduced jazz, a style of music influenced by Dixieland music & ragtime.
sec 32
Sec 3
  • 6. A famous Harlem nightspot, the _____________, was where some famous African American musicians like _____________ Ellington started their careers.
  • 7. Bessie Smith sang about love, poverty, & oppression in a blues style of music.
sec 33
Sec 3
  • 8. Oscar ____________ was elected as the first African American representative in Congress from a northern state.
  • 9. Marcus ___________ started the idea of “Negro Nationalism”, which was to glorify black culture and traditions. He encouraged ____________ as the way for African Americans to gain economic & political power.