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Improving The State of Engineering in USA Dr. Ralph W. Wyndrum, Jr. 2006 IEEE-USA President. IEEE Region 1 Leadership Workshop 18 August 2006. 2. Overview. How can U.S. engineers succeed in new global environment? Is engineering losing its value today?

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improving the state of engineering in usa dr ralph w wyndrum jr 2006 ieee usa president

Improving The State of Engineering in USADr. Ralph W. Wyndrum, Jr.2006 IEEE-USA President

IEEE Region 1 Leadership Workshop

18 August 2006



  • How can U.S. engineers succeed in new global environment?
  • Is engineering losing its value today?
  • What are specific IEEE/IEEE-USA programs to maintain U.S. leadership in innovation? (Continuing/precollege ed.)
  • Mastering the innovation process
key economic forecast indicators for u s in 2004 2005


Key Economic Forecast, Indicatorsfor U.S. in 2004-2005
  • 2004 Population: 293,655,000
  • 2004 Labor Force: 148,644,000
  • 2005 Unemployment: 5.1%
  • 2006 Projected Unemployment: 4.8%
  • 2005 Gross Domestic Product: $12.5 trillion*

Sources: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, November 2005; *Wikipedia, 05/25/06

how is u s doing overall


How is U.S. doing overall?
  • Corporate profits registered third straight year of double-digit increases in 2005
  • Stocks at highest level since 1sthalf of ’01
  • Net worth of businesses grew by $2.7 trillion from 2000 to 2004
  • Autos, airlines struggling in otherwise healthy economy

Source: The New York Times, 5 December 2005

borrowing vs earning power


Borrowing vs. Earning Power
  • U.S. borrowing binge fueled by housing boon -- masked decline in earning power
  • Underscored need for Americans to save more
  • More than $46 trillion in long-term government liabilities, including debt and unfunded benefit programs (Government Accountability Office)
changing demographics


Changing Demographics
  • Graying overall workforce – as 70-million+ baby boomers begin to retire
  • Boomers replaced by increasing numbers of African Americans, Hispanics less likely to earn degrees
  • Growing disparity between rich, poor
  • 37 million in poverty; 47 million without health insurance – in 2004

Source: The New York Times, 5 December 2005

current global environment jeff faux economic policy institute


Current Global Environment:Jeff Faux Economic Policy Institute*
  • “Barriers of time, space, nationality have been shrinking between the world’s buyers and sellers, relentlessly leveling the economic playing field.
  • “Rules of the global marketplace have flattened the protections – systematically chopped up the national social contracts without replacing them with a global one.”

*Washington, DC-based non-profit, non-partisan think-tank

growth in software industry revenues 2004 2009


Growth in Software Industry Revenues: 2004-2009

Source: IDC for Microsoft reported in Financial Times, March 2006

engineering contributions


Engineering Contributions
  • Scientists, engineers make up less than five percent of U.S. population, but create up to 50% of gross domestic product – Reader’s Digest, December 2005
worldwide distribution of r d 16 february 06 georgia tech study


Worldwide Distribution of R&D16 February ’06 Georgia Tech Study
  • In addition to areas with low labor costs, jobs are moving to areas with more skilled employees
  • Multinational corporations are global shoppers for talent
  • From ’06-’09, 38% of 200 multinational corporations planned to move R&D work to other countries/overseas locations in developed, developing world
  • China, India attracting greatest increase in R&D projects
going where smart people are


Going “Where Smart People Are”
  • 90% of world’s scientists, engineers will be living in Asia by 2010 – Richard E. Smalley, Rice University
  • “We go where the smart people are.” – Howard High, Intel
  • Forthcoming Occupational Outlook Handbook to adjust demand to reflect impact of offshoring
global environment adding to our uncertainty


Global Environment:Adding to Our Uncertainty
  • November 2005 CMP survey of 4,000 U.S. engineers confirms psychological impact of U.S. offshoring
  • 64% said offshoring makes them worry about profession’s future
  • Less than 10% sure U.S. will maintain its leadership in technology
overseas engineers can afford to be paid less


Overseas Engineers Can Afford To Be Paid Less

Source: PPP data from World Bank International Comparison Project

concerns about precollege education


Concerns About Precollege Education
  • Failure of our math and science education poses “greater threat than any potential conventional war” – ’01 Congressoinal Commission
  • $440 billion spent annually on public education (Reader’s Digest, Dec. 2005)
  • $45,000 average teacher salary (Business Week, Nov. 21, 2005)
concerns about precollege education1


Concerns About Precollege Education
  • National shortfall of 250,000 math and science teachers (Business Week)
  • 38% math teachers, 28% science teachers in grades 7-12 lacked a college major or minor in their subject area (2000 survey quoted in December 2005 Fortune)
  • Highest predictor of student performance = teacher knowledge – Gerald Wheeler, National Science Teachers Association
national academies gathering storm


National Academies’ “Gathering Storm”
  • Provide scholarships for 25,000 undergrads who commit to degrees in math, science or engineering
  • Provide scholarships for 10,000 math and science majors who enter teaching
  • More than 60% of public school students in some areas of math and science learn from teachers who haven’t majored in subject taught
insecure unappreciated


Insecure, Unappreciated?
  • We feel insecure, unappreciated -- even discourage our own children to go into engineering.
  • But facts don’t validate these feelings – Americans recognize and respect contributions of engineers, according to 2003 AAES-Harris Interactive Survey.
  • Americans give credit to engineers for creating economic growth, preserving national security, making strong leaders.
meet enemy ourselves


Meet Enemy: Ourselves?
  • Better prepare ourselves
  • Mentor others (IEEE’s new web-based program with The Training Connection)
  • Support our schools, teachers
  • Help train new generation to cope with increasingly complex world
ieee usa goals for 2006 2007 express member future professional needs


IEEE-USA Goals for 2006-2007Express Member/Future Professional Needs
  • Offer increased, “sticky” member value in products, services – to improve member retention
  • Provide serious, career-long continuing education to maintain a competitive USA workforce, and to preserve careers
  • Provide innovation leadership
  • Support K-12 education to assure the next generation of high-tech professionals
ieee usa in washington dc 2006 public policy priorities


IEEE-USA in Washington, DC 2006 Public Policy Priorities
  • Urging Congress to pass comprehensive legislation designed to promote U.S. innovation and competitiveness (IEEE-USA-supported bills include: H.R. 5356, H.R. 5358, S. 2109, S. 2197, S. 2198, and S.2199).
  • Supporting immigration reforms (“Green Cards, Not Guest Workers”) and passage of reform bill to prevent H-1B abuses (H.R. 4378)
  • Supported successful passage of Pension Protection Act (H.R. 4).
  • Other 2006 priorities include E-Health and Patent Reform
ieee usa in washington dc supporting continuing education opportunities


IEEE-USA in Washington DC Supporting Continuing Education Opportunities
  • IEEE-USA is promoting IEEE Education Partners Program with EAB, which:

-- Provides some 6,000 courses from more than a dozen providers

-- Helps members meet CE, certificate, graduate degree requirements

-- Includes Drexel, N.J. Institute of Technology, Stevens Institute of Technology, Thomson NETg, University of Washington

-- Provides significant discounts that can offset dues cost

ieee usa in washington dc supporting continuing education opportunities1


IEEE-USA in Washington DC Supporting Continuing Education Opportunities
  • IEEE-USA is also partnering with EAB to promote IEEE “Expert Now” courses -- one-hour online learning modules covering aerospace to vehicular technology, which capture the latest information on emerging technologies from IEEE conference tutorials, short courses, workshops
  • IEEE-USA partnering with “AchieveGlobal” to offer 29 online “Leadership for Results” courses to equip members with the "soft skills" needed to succeed in today's workplace
promoting ieee fields of interest for the next generation


Promoting IEEE Fields of Interest for the Next Generation
  • Leveraging $$ and volunteer resources to support future of profession through EAB’s Teacher in Service Program (TISP), K-12 student mentoring and TryEngineering.Org
  • IEEE-USA sponsoring expansion of EAB’s TISP into Massachusetts, Indiana

-- 568 precollege educators representing over 59,000 students in more than one-dozen IEEE Sections

promoting ieee fields of interest for next generation cont d


Promoting IEEE Fields of Interest For Next Generation (cont’d)
  • IEEE-USA Teacher-Engineer Partnership

-- Recognizes collaborative activities between K-12 teachers, IEEE members

  • IEEE-USA Teacher Grant for Innovation

-- Provides up to $1,500 for innovative projects that introduce engineering to students

ieee usa employment assistance employment navigator


IEEE-USA Employment AssistanceEmployment Navigator
  • Complements to the IEEEJob Listing Service
  • Uses webspiders to collect five-million job leads from 160,000 websites (companies, newspapers, etc.)
  • Powerful Search Engine
  • Resume Builder
ieee usa employment assistance salary service


IEEE-USA Employment AssistanceSalary Service
  • Member Salary Service

-- Salary Service/Salary Calculator

  • Employer Salary Service

-- Salary Database/Reports

-- Compensation/Satisfaction Analyzer

ieee usa employment assistance employment career strategies online


IEEE-USA Employment Assistance Employment & CareerStrategies Online
  • Virtual community with discussion groups, chat rooms, & surveys
  • Useful networking tool and job hunting resources
  • 2,400+ Users; 1,900 Postings
  • 190 Topics
ieee usa employment assistance engineers guide to lifelong employability


IEEE-USA Employment AssistanceEngineers Guide toLifelong Employability
  • Where EEs Are Employed
  • Fine Art Of Networking
  • Resumes: Traditional, Otherwise
  • How To Find Job Leads On Internet
  • How To Ace An Interview
  • What You Are Worth
  • What Recruiters Can, Can’t Do For You
ieee usa employment assistance career planning and career survival ebooks


IEEE-USA Employment AssistanceCareer Planning and Career Survival eBooks
  • Self Assessment
  • Setting Direction
  • Gap Analysis
  • Planning Your Development
  • Implementation
broadening financial services


Broadening Financial Services
  • IEEE-USA is using its communications (e.g.Todays Engineer, webinars and other outlets) to promote:
    • Financial advisory services available through IEEE Financial Advantage (e.g. Grogan Advisory Services, which are discounted as member benefit).
    • IEEE-USA Today’s Engineer articles on financial planning
    • 10 Tax-Favored Ways to Savefor
innovation and entrepreneurship


Innovation and Entrepreneurship
  • Supporting Alliance of Consultants Networks and Consultants Directory
  • New Entrepreneurs Village launched in June to mentor IEEE’s U.S. members seeking to start entrepreneurial businesses.
  • Innovation Institute planned “to advance the preparation of leaders …by sharing the experiences of successful innovators in a coordinated program of interaction, mentoring and networking.”
summarizing 2006 2007 ieee usa goals


Summarizing: 2006-2007 IEEE-USA Goals
  • Offer increased member value in products, services – in response to Dec. ’05 survey
  • Provide serious, career-long continuing education to maintain a competitive USA workforce, and to preserve careers
  • Provide innovation leadership
  • Support K-12 education for future technologists


For More Information


1828 L Street, N.W., Suite 1202Washington, DC 20036-5104

Phone: +1 202 785 0017Fax: +1 202 785 0835Email: ieeeusa@ieee.orgWeb: