Cracking the Free Response in AP Macroeconomics and Microeconomics Patricia Brazill Co-Chair, Macro Test Development Irondequoit High School Rochester, NY Patti_Brazill@westiron.monroe.edu Sandra Wright Micro Test Development Adlai Stevenson High School Lincolnshire, IL firstname.lastname@example.org
How to help students move beyond prescribed questions or previously asked FRQs… • Emphasize the concepts and skills so they know how to drive the AP Econ Car and read the Map (FRQ Questions) so that no matter what question is asked they can rely on their knowledge of how to drive and read the map to go where ever the question asks…
Each Exam cut score changes • 2010 Macro 53% 3 or above
Instructional planning report • You want your students FRQs to exceed average scores!
Advice from Chief Reader When answering the Macroeconomics or Microeconomics free response questions, a student should respond clearly and concisely. Including paragraphs or even full-sentence responses is not always necessary; however, it is important to address the verb prompts appropriately (as explained below). A written response that presents conflicting answers is likely to lead to the loss of points.
Verbs: What do students need to do? • “SHOW” means use a diagram (graph). Correct labels are critical! • “EXPLAIN” means to take the reader through all the steps or linkages in the line of reasoning. Often a formula or graph will work. • “IDENTIFY” means provide a specific answer, a list, a point on a graph, without explanation • “CALCULATE” means use math to determine a specific numerical answer and show work
Good news from 2012 Macro • Correctly drawn and labeled AD/AS models • Correctly drawn Production Possibilities model • Showing a recession on a PPF
Good news from Macro 2011 • Content Areas: • Foreign Exchange Market • Fiscal Policy Effect on AD
Bad News from 2011Less than ~25% of Students Correctly Answered • Content Areas: • The Mechanics of Money Creation • Categories of Unemployment • Classical Adjustment to Recession
Bad News from 2012 Macro • General Content Areas: • Money and Banking • Real vs. Nominal Distinction • International Economics
Good News from Micro 2011 • Determining Pe and Qe on a Monopoly graph • Firm Graph in PC market • Price ceiling on a PC market graph • Finding AllocativeEfficienct Quantity when an externality exists
Bad News from Micro 2011 • Elasticity • Consumer surplus when price discrimination • PC Labor market graphs • finding DWL when externality exists
Good news from Micro 2012 • Monopoly Graph • Marginal Revenue and Demand Curves • Profit Max Quantity where MR = MC • Price on Demand Curve above Q* • Finding Total Utility by Summing MU • Identifying Domestic Production Level in Situation with Imports and a Tariff
Micro Trouble Spots 9. Optimal Consumption Rule 7. Effect of Subsidy on Quantity Produced 6. Effect of Lump-Sum Subsidy on Deadweight Loss 5. Tariff Revenue 4. Value of Consumer Surplus 3. Cross-price Elasticity 2. Effect of Price Increase on Total Revenue • Surplus-maximizing Tariff Special Mention: Labels!
What you can do to help your students… • Ask students to show their work for calculation problems. • They should include both the formula used and the numbers used in their calculations. This will help you find the errors in their thinking • GO BACK TO THE BASICS AT THE END OF THE COURSE • Use the notes from the Chief Reader (Scoring plus Samples and Commentary • Use your Instructional Planning Report from College Board • Teach the VERBAGE • GRAPH GRAPH GRAPH!!!!! • Score FRQs from a grid
What should students do? • Take frequent timed FRQ TESTS - • Short FRQs are 12 minute questions • Teach students to grade from rubric • Mini white boards – look at their models! • Sidewalk chalk – muscle memory • Presentations of Macro and Micro 1 to class
Macro models students must know • Production Possibilities • Supply and Demand • Aggregate Supply and Demand with vertical Long Run Aggregate Supply • Phillips Curve • Money Market Model • Loanable funds • Currency market with simple Supply/Demand
Micro Models Students Must know • Production Possibilities • Supply and Demand – Include tariffs, tax incidence, and world prices in your analysis • Perfect Competition side-by-side graphs • Monopoly • Monopolistic Competition • Payoff matrix in Game Theory • Labor market – side by side graphs • Monopsony