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Environmental Performance of Cables, Motors & Transformers. Hans De Keulenaer European Copper Institute hdk@eurocopper.org. Web event February 10, 2006 14h00 – 15h00 Europe Standard Time. Content. Introduction to Leonardo ENERGY The W’s of the toolbox Examples Demonstration

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environmental performance of cables motors transformers

Environmental Performance of Cables, Motors & Transformers

Hans De Keulenaer

European Copper Institute

hdk@eurocopper.org

Web event

February 10, 2006

14h00 – 15h00 Europe Standard Time

content
Content
  • Introduction to Leonardo ENERGY
  • The W’s of the toolbox
  • Examples
  • Demonstration
  • How to work with the toolbox
what is leonardo energy
What is Leonardo ENERGY?
  • A partnership between industry & academia on sustainable electrical energy
    • Outreach
      • Training & professional development
    • Advocacy
      • Energy policy & regulation
leonardo energy campaigns
Distributed generation & renewables

Efficiency & eco-design

Electric motors

Green building

Home of the future

Lighting

Policy & finance

Power Quality

Transformers

Transport

Leonardo ENERGY campaigns

Website: www.leonardo-energy.org

leonardo energy activities
Application notes

Articles

Briefing papers

Direct (e)mail

Minute lectures

Polls

Press articles

Reports

Seminars

Software Tools

Surveys

Webcasts

Web events

Workshops

Leonardo ENERGY activities
content1
Content
  • Introduction to Leonardo ENERGY
  • The W’s of the toolbox
  • Examples
  • Demonstration
  • How to work with the toolbox
why focus on electrical energy
Why focus on (electrical) energy?
  • Environmental impacts from energy use:
    • To atmosphere:
      • Sulphur emissions to atmosphere: 85%
      • Carbon-dioxide: 78%
      • Particulate emissions: 45%
      • Lead emissions: 41%
      • Non-methane hydrocarbon: 40%
    • Electricity consumes 40% of primary energy
reducing the environmental impact of electricity
Reducing the environmental impact of electricity
  • 2 approaches
    • Clean generation & efficient conversion
      • Renewables
      • Combined-cycle
    • Efficient use
      • Reduce the amount of electricity needed to provide an energy service
why an ecodesign toolbox
Why an ecodesign toolbox?
  • For material producers:
    • Define environmental performance of active materials in the use phase
      • ‘less’ is not always ‘more’
  • For equipment manufacturers:
    • Marketing tool for high efficiency
    • Environmental declaration
  • For energy users:
    • Declaration of improved environmental performance
  • For policy makers:
    • Environmental impact of policy measures on efficiency
    • Include externalities into policy making
why now
Why now?

Availability of good LCI

material databases

Availability of tools allowingparametrized LCA

Ecodesign toolfor parametrizedLCA of equipmentfamilies

Experience with LCA forelectrical equipment

Electrical equipment catalogswith large # varieties

ecodesign toolbox how
Ecodesign toolbox - how
  • 90% of environmental impact of electrical equipment is caused by electricity use
  • The remaining part is mainly caused by the extraction, production and transformation of materials
  • Life-cycle assessment for equipment can be simplified, based on good data for
    • Environmental profile for materials
    • Equipment lifetime, load, efficiency
    • Environmental profile of electricity
which life cycle stages
Which life-cycle stages?
  • Production
    • Only material use
  • Use phase
    • Only electricity use, based on European grid mix
  • End-of-life
    • Credit for materials re-used
which impact categories
Which impact categories?
  • materials use
  • energy use
  • climate change
  • photochemical oxidant formation
  • acidification
  • eutrophication
  • ozone layer depletion
  • end-of-life waste
  • Not included: toxicity, physical effects (noise, vibration, electromagnetic fields)
which equipment types
Which equipment types?
  • Power cable
  • Overhead lines
  • Transformers
    • Dry-type
    • Oil-cooled
  • Motors
next steps
Next steps
  • Generic equipment model
    • Bill-of-materials
    • Losses or energy use in kWh(no load modelling)
    • Including thermal equipment
    • How to handle power electronics?
  • Generic generation model
    • Major types of conventional generation
    • Wind, ocean, and photovoltaics
    • Not biomass
generation conversion and end use
Generation, conversion and end-use

generation

equipment

?

energy

primary

carrier

energy

conversion

loss

e.g. power stations, wind generators

end-use

conversion

equipment

equipment

energy

energy

energy

energy

service

input

output

input

energy

loss

e.g. transformers, motors, cables

e.g. appliances, pumps, lighting systems

modelling

Utilization

Modelling

Manufacturing

End-of-Life

load modelling
Load modelling
  • Transformers:
  • Motors:
  • Cables:
content2
Content
  • Introduction to Leonardo ENERGY
  • The W’s of the toolbox
  • Examples
  • Demonstration
  • How to work with the toolbox
content3
Content
  • Introduction to Leonardo ENERGY
  • The W’s of the toolbox
  • Examples
  • Demonstration
  • How to work with the toolbox
content4
Content
  • Introduction to Leonardo ENERGY
  • The W’s of the toolbox
  • Examples
  • Demonstration
  • How to work with the toolbox
practical
Practical
  • I-report models available on a royalty-free licence basis
    • E-mail request to hdk@eurocopper.org
    • Complete licencing form
    • Receive package
  • Publisher models available on a royalty-bearing licence basis
    • E-mail request to hdk@eurocopper.org
    • Order licence
    • Receive access to intranet with tools, models (including future models) and knowledge inventory