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Development of Alternatives to Cooperative Mergers and Federated Structures Bruce J. Reynolds USDA/Rural Development/Co PowerPoint Presentation
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Development of Alternatives to Cooperative Mergers and Federated Structures Bruce J. Reynolds USDA/Rural Development/Cooperative Programs NCERA-210 Nov. 7, 2012 Cooperative Programs surveyed in 2007 about “other ownership structures”

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slide1

Development of Alternatives to Cooperative Mergers and Federated Structures

  • Bruce J. Reynolds USDA/Rural Development/Cooperative Programs
  • NCERA-210 Nov. 7, 2012
  • Cooperative Programs surveyed in 2007 about “other ownership structures”
  • (http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/supportdocuments/CoopMag-nov08.pdf)
  • Another survey in 2010 added joint venture participation with non-cooperatives
  • Mailing problems & survey design problems in not identifying names of joint ventures
  • Follow-up telephone survey in 2011 to produce a report
  • (http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/supportdocuments/RR226.pdf )
slide3

Table 2- Distribution of centralized cooperatives’ joint ventures and subsidiaries, 2007

  • There are 206 centralized cooperatives with ventures. The sum of separate reporting of
  • joint ventures and subsidiaries is 221 cooperatives, indicating that 15 have both types of ventures.
slide4

Table 3 – Distribution of centralized cooperatives' joint ventures & subsidiaries, 2010/11

* Duplicate joint ventures by reporting co-ops are included.

** There are 180 centralized co-ops reporting ventures. The sum of co-ops reporting joint ventures

and subsidiaries is 195, indicating 15 have both types of ventures.

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There were 38 federated and 20 mixed cooperatives in 2010.

  • By the 1980s multi-commodity and farm supply federated cooperatives
  • were “full service”– doing all things for all members.
  • While federated co-ops have declined in number, they have expanded
  • their membership regions, and are focused on the things they do well.
  • Centralized co-ops have increased their size from merging and
  • capturing business from exiting firms.
  • Centralized co-ops form subsidiaries or joint ventures to address specific
  • weaknesses of one or two operating divisions.
  • Joint ventures are a means of delaying or avoiding more mergers.
  • More willingness to joint venture with non-cooperatives and the potential
  • for flexibility in partners is an attractive feature of using an LLC.