The Scientific Process. Research Question Theory and Hypotheses Research Design Operationalization (measurement) Empirical Observation and Analysis. II. The Research Question, Theory and Hypotheses Chapter 3 (JRM); Chapters 4-5 (LeRoy – Exercises due Monday 1/25 ).
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Examples: Political participation, socioeconomic status, party competition, welfare generosity, level of democracy, strength of civil society, level of political violence
Higher levels of exposure to negative advertising lead to lower levels of political trust because voters gradually become disenchanted with all political candidates. As trust is eroded, we should expect to see lower levels of political participation.
- The longer a state has been democratized theless likely it should be to engage in conflict with another democracy or democratizing state.
There is a negative relationship between exposure to negative advertising and the probability that a person will vote.