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Mexico - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Mexico . Think – Pair - Share. How was Mexico formed as a country? Write out what you think on a scratch sheet of paper. In 2 minutes you will pair up with someone else and compare your answers. We will then discuss as a class. (Think about the visual history I gave you on Friday.).

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think pair share
Think – Pair - Share
  • How was Mexico formed as a country?
  • Write out what you think on a scratch sheet of paper.
  • In 2 minutes you will pair up with someone else and compare your answers.
  • We will then discuss as a class.
  • (Think about the visual history I gave you on Friday.)
spanish conquest
Spanish Conquest
  • Conquistadors – conquerors
    • Came looking for the three G’s
      • Gold, Glory and God
  • Hernán Cortés
    • Arrived in 1519 – approx 500 soldiers
    • Landed in the Caribbean
    • Took slaves to Mexico
spanish conquest1
Spanish Conquest
  • Aztecs
    • Montezuma is their leader.
    • Over 250,000 living in the capital city of Tenochtitlan.
    • Advanced city / warring nation
    • Their capital was an Island in the middle of a lake.
slide5
How were the Spanish able to conquer that many Aztecs in such a short period of time with so few Spaniards?
quetzalcoatl
Quetzalcoatl
  • light skin, red hair, and light eyes
  • Would come to earth during the end times
  • Would come by way of the sea
spanish superiority
Spanish superiority
  • Weapons made of iron
  • Metal armor
  • Cannons
  • Ships
  • Horses
  • Disease
  • Captives from the Caribbean
spanish conquest complete
Spanish Conquest Complete
  • Conquered Aztecs in 1521
  • Destroyed Tenochtitlan
    • Current site of Mexico City
  • King started giving free land to Spanish citizens who moved to the colonies.
early social classes
Early Social Classes
  • Peninsulares
    • From Spain and moved to the Americas
    • Had all the power
  • Criollos
    • Spanish ancestry born in Americas
  • Mestizos
    • Mixed blood
  • Indians
social classes
Social Classes
  • Most people are Mestizos.
    • They are poor and cannot own land.
  • Very few are Peninsulares
    • Very wealthy and have all power and land.

Are these groups equal?

What do you think is going to happen?

road to democracy
Road to Democracy
  • 1821 - Rebellion led by a Criollo priest Miguel Hidalgo leads to Mexican independence.
    • Wealthy peninsulares still own all land and hold all power.
  • Mexican Revolution 1910 – 1920
    • Became a democratic republic
a summary of what happened
A summary of what happened.
  • Spanish come over
  • Conquer the Aztecs
  • The King gives land to the Spanish
  • The Peninsulares who get the land are out numbered by the colonists.
  • America gains independence from England.
  • Colonists want independence.
  • Mexicans revolt to get land away from the wealthy.
government
Government

President Felipe Calderon (since 2006)

government1
Government
  • Federal Republic
  • President
    • 6 year term
    • Few checks on his power
    • Creates almost 90% of the laws
  • Bicameral legislature
  • Judicial branch
major industries
Major Industries
  • Immigration
    • Migrants come to the U.S and send money home
    • Billion dollar industry
    • http://current.com/green/76279482_the-minuteman-project.htm
major industries1
Major Industries
  • Oil
    • PetroleosMexicanos (PEMEX)
    • This is a State owned company
  • Tourism
  • Manufacturing
    • Manufactured goods are the leading export
nafta
NAFTA
  • North American Free Trade Agreement
    • (NAFTA) 1993
    • Doubled trade with United States and Canada
    • Created manufacturing jobs
maquiladoras
Maquiladoras
  • Assemble products almost exclusively for U.S.
  • Spurred economic growth along U.S. border
  • Employ 1,000,000+
maquiladoras1
Maquiladoras
  • an American business can start an operation within as little as 4 weeks.
  • What are some disadvantages to this system?
drug trafficking why mexico
Drug Trafficking – Why Mexico?
  • Weak local and State governments
  • Increased international success combating drug smuggling in Colombia and the Caribbean
  • Ease of buying guns in the U.S and transporting them to Mexico
drug trafficking
Drug Trafficking
  • 10 Billion dollar industry
  • Government Corruption
quiz l2 12pts
Quiz L2 – 12pts
  • What were the four classes in Mexico’s early colonial period?
  • What is a Maquiladora?
  • Give 2 reasons why Drug trafficking has become increasingly popular in Mexico.
  • What is NAFTA?
  • How were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs so easily?
regions of mexico
Regions of Mexico
  • Heartland Region
  • Gulf Coastal Plain
  • Yucatán Peninsula
  • Volcanic activity
  • Sierra Madre
  • Baja California
slide32

Northern Pacific Coast

Gulf Coastal Plain

Heartland Region

Yucatán Peninsula

Southern Pacific Coast

northern pacific coast
Northern Pacific Coast
  • Baja California
    • Peninsula
  • Tijuana
    • Productive farmland
      • irrigation
southern pacific coast
Southern Pacific Coast
  • Sierra Madre Mountains
    • From north to South
  • Tourism
    • Acapulco
    • Mazatlán
    • Puerto Vallarta
gulf coastal plain
Gulf Coastal Plain
  • Fossil fuels
    • Natural gas
    • Oil
      • On Gulf Coastal Plain
      • Under Gulf of Mexico
yucat n peninsula
Yucatán Peninsula
  • Limestone bedrock
    • Porous
      • Creates caverns
      • sinkholes
  • Tourism
    • Cancún
    • Mayan ruins
heartland region
Heartland Region
  • Plateau
    • An area of high, flat land
  • Densely populated area
  • Mexico City
heartland region1
Heartland Region
  • Earthquakes
    • Dozens a year.
    • Buildings are weaker than the U.S.
    • 1985 earthquake killed 10,000
u s vs mexico
U.S vs. Mexico

Population

Mexico - 109,955,400

U.S - 303,824,640

Life Expectancy

Mexico - 75 years

U.S - 78 years

GDP (per capita)

Mexico $12,800

U. S $45,800

Growth rate

Mexico - 1.14%

U.S - .88%

City Population

Mexico City - 8,658,576

New York - 8,143,197