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Capital Letters

Capital Letters

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Capital Letters

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  1. Capital Letters When should you use capital letters?

  2. Why are some words capitalized in our writing? • We use capital letters for words that are special in some way. • Special people, places, and things

  3. Always use a capital letter to begin: • the first word of a sentence: • Today is the first day of school. • the first word of a quotation: • She said, “Yesterday was fun!” • the names of days, months and holidays: • The fourth Thursday in November is Thanksgiving. • people’s first and last names • Samantha Lopez

  4. Let’s practice!! • Tell your partner which words need a capital letter. • tomorrow I will stay home. • Tomorrow • He said, “throw me the ball.” • Throw • On sunday, april 12, we will celebrate easter. • Sunday, April, Easter • She said luzmartinez would be coming over. • Luz Martinez

  5. More special words that always need capitals • the greeting and closing in a letter: • Dear Grandma, • Love, Sherry • People’s initials and titles: • Mrs. Fox, Mr. Derpic, Dr. S.C. Lee, Pres. Obama • a word that is used as a name: • I went with Mom, Dad, and Aunt Terry to visit Grandma. • Be careful! Don’t use a capital if you don’t use the word as someone’s name: • I went with my mom, dad and my aunt to visit my grandma.

  6. the names of nationalities and languages: • Mexican, Cuban, and Puerto Rican people all speak Spanish. • the names of racial or ethnic groups: • There were Native American, African, and Asian dancers at the festival. • the names of ships, planes and space vehicles: • The president flew on Air Force One to see the USSAbraham Lincoln.

  7. We also use capital letters to begin the names of special places and things: • street names: • Palm Avenue, Main Street, Van Nuys Boulevard • cities, states, and countries: • Los Angeles, California, Paris, France, New Mexico • continents: • Asia, Europe, South America • landforms and bodies of water: • Great Plains, Pacific Ocean, Superior Lake • buildings, monuments, and public places: • the White House, the Statue of Liberty, Yellowstone National Park • historic events: • the Civil War, the Gold Rush, the Revolutionary War

  8. On your white board, use capitals to begin the name of: • a street name • a city, a state, and a country • a continent • a body of water • a building, monument or public place

  9. Correct the following sentences by capitalizing the correct words. • On tuesday, i went to the grand canyon in arizona. • On Tuesday, I went to the Grand Canyon in Arizona. • mr. lee, did you see the independence day parade on second street? • Mr. Lee, did you see the Independence Day parade on Second Street? • Tony screamed, “don’t go with dad yet because grandpa wants to go too.” • Tony screamed, “Don’t go with Dad yet because Grandpa wants to go too.”

  10. Read this sentence: • It’s like anamazingafricanrain forest. • Which underlined part should be capitalized? • A an • B amazing • C african • D rain forest

  11. Read the sentence: • The weekend was during our presidents’ day vacation. • What is the correct capitalization of the underlined words from the sentence? • A presidents’ day Vacation • B Presidents’ Day vacation • C Presidents’ day vacation • D Presidents’ Day Vacation

  12. Which sentence is written correctly? • A On Independence Day, we’ll be in washington, d.c.! • B On independence day, we’ll be in Washington, D.C.! • C On Independence Day, we’ll be in Washington, D.C.! • D On independence Day, we’ll be in washington, d.c.!

  13. Day 21. Read this sentence: • Leon read an article called “how to Fly a Kite.” • Which underlined part should be capitalized? • A article • B called • C how • D to

  14. 2. Read the sentence: • During our summer vacation, I am going to houston, texas. • What is the correct capitalization of the underlined words from the sentence? • A going to houston, Texas • B going to Houston, Texas • C Going to Houston, Texas • D correct as is

  15. 3. Which sentence is written correctly? • A On Christmas morning, I want to be in New York City. • B On Christmas Morning, I want to be in New York city. • C On christmas morning, I want to be in new york city. • D On Christmas morning, I want to be in New york City.

  16. 3. Which sentence is written correctly? • A On Christmas morning, I want to be in New York City. • B On Christmas Morning, I want to be in New York city. • C On christmas morning, I want to be in new york city. • D On Christmas morning, I want to be in New york City.

  17. Quotation Marks Quiz1. Read this sentence: • Leo said, I want to go the movies.” • Which shows the correct way to add quotation marks to the sentence? • A said” • B “Leo • C “I • D I”

  18. 2. Read the sentence: • “i love to play soccer, exclaimed Sam. • What is the correct punctuation of the underlined words from the sentence? • A “I love to play soccer,” • B “I love to play soccer, • C I love to play soccer,” • D correct as is

  19. 3. Which sentence is written correctly? • A. Barbara said, I adore chocolate cake. • B. Barbara said, “I adore chocolate cake.” • C. Barbara “said, I adore chocolate cake.” • D. Barbara said, I “adore chocolate cake.”