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SESSION CODE: VIR309. Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008 R2: Advanced Virtualization Management. Required Slide. Iftekhar Hussain Partner Technology Advisor Microsoft Corporation Session Objectives. Objective

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Microsoft system center virtual machine manager 2008 r2 advanced virtualization management


Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008 R2: Advanced Virtualization Management

Required Slide

Iftekhar Hussain

Partner Technology Advisor

Microsoft Corporation

Session objectives
Session Objectives

  • Objective

    • Overview of Virtual Machine Manager and how you can use it to manage your virtual environment

  • Key Takeaway

    • VMM 2008 R2 coupled with Windows Server 2008 R2 provides a complete, highly available and extensible management solution for your virtualized environment


  • Dynamic IT And Virtualization

  • Key Virtualization Concerns

  • Efficient VM provisioning

  • Day to Day operations with VMM

  • Performance and Resource Optimization

  • Delegated Administration and Self Service

  • Demo

Microsoft virtualization
Microsoft Virtualization

Your Infrastructure: Virtual


Increase server utilization, reduce operating costs and improve service levels

Access to applications at anytime from anywhere



Flexibility and agility for infrastructure, applications, management and security


Seamless physical, virtual and application management

Microsoft system center virtual machine manager 2008 r2 advanced virtualization management

Efficient management reduces cost

Case Study

Few virtualization concerns
Few Virtualization concerns

How do I streamline VM Provisioning?

Can I do Live migrations between servers with different processors?

How do i determine suitable host for my VM?

How can I optimize resources and performance ?

Can I host more than 1 VM per LUN?

Can I monitor and manage services inside my VMs?

Can I migrate VM storage from 1 SAN to another?

Building a virtualized environment
Building a Virtualized Environment

Administrator’s Console

Self Service Web Portal

Operator’s Console

Web Console

Windows PowerShell



  • Virtual Machine Manager

  • Server

Operations Manager


Management Interfaces

Virtual Server Host

VMM Library


VMware VI3

Virtual Center Server

ESX Host




















SAN Storage

Virtual machine manager 2008 r2 overview
Virtual Machine Manager 2008 R2 Overview

  • Clustered Shared Volumes

  • Hot addition/removal of storage

  • SAN migrations in and out of clustered hosts

  • Maintenance Mode

  • Live Migration

  • Expanded support for iSCSI SANs

  • Support for optimized networking

  • Support for Quick Storage Migration

  • Queuing of Live migrations

  • Support for third party CFS

Support for third party CFS

Support for optimized networking

Maintenance Mode

Hot addition/removal of storage

Expanded support for iSCSI SANs

Clustered Shared Volumes

SAN migrations in and out of clustered hosts

Live Migration:

Queuing of Live migrations

Support for Quick Storage Migration

For users requiring a true clustered file system, VMM 2008 R2 supports third party file systems by detecting CFS disks and allows for deploying multiple VMs per LUN.

  • Place multiple virtual machines on a single LUN and manage them individually. The key benefit that CSV delivers here is greatly simplified LUN configuration for the administrator.

Quickly and efficiently respond to changing storage requirements of virtual machines.

Easily migrate virtual machines between clustered hosts without affecting the connected users.

Perform multiple Live Migrations without having to keep track of other Live Migrations within the cluster.

Ability to automatically migrate VMs in and out of clustered hosts using SAN transfers.

Simplify the process of initiating maintenance or upgrades to virtual hosts, VMM 2008 R2 provides maintenance mode – a one-step process whereby active virtual machines are safely evacuated to other hosts within the cluster before maintenance begins.

Support for two new networking services – Virtual Machine Queue (VMQ) and TCP Chimney – built into Windows Server 2008 R2. Key benefits to both of these technologies are more efficient processing of network traffic (through the creation of virtual network queues in the former and offloading of TCP/IP workloads to a physical NIC, in the latter) and thus freeing up CPU cycles on the host machine.

With expanded support now covering the majority of available iSCSI SANs, VMM 2008 R2 enables administrators to choose from a much wider range of options when selecting a new SAN solution. For those with SAN infrastructure in place, VMM 2008 R2 features greater SAN compatibility enabling administrators to leverage their storage investments.

VMM 2008 R2 now allows for the migration of a VM’s storage both within the same host and across hosts with minimum downtime.  VMM 2008 R2 also supports VMware storage vMotion so the storage for a VMware VM can be transferred on the same hosts no downtime.

Finding suitable hosts intelligent placement
Finding Suitable Hosts: Intelligent Placement

  • Planning technology that ensures best resource utilization

    • Star based rating system for easy decision making

    • Customizable algorithm to achieve your goals

    • Applicable to both Hyper-V and VMware hosts

  • Utilized during:

    • New virtual machine creation (through UI, PowerShell or Self-Service)

    • Virtual machine migration

  • Checks host compatibility before migrations

    • Prevents migration from failing

    • Uses Windows Server 2008 R2 and VMware compatibility APIs

  • Network Optimization Support

    • Virtual Machine Queue (VMQ)

Intelligent placement vmq
Intelligent Placement – VMQ

VMM has detected that host and NIC has VMQ capabilities

Speedup vm provisioning using templates
Speedup VM provisioning using Templates

  • Consist of Hardware and Guest OS Profile

  • Consistent hardware and guest OS configuration

    across all VMs

  • Reduce Provisioning time

  • Enables provisioning using Self Service Portal

Rapid provisioning cmdline only
Rapid Provisioning (Cmdline Only)

  • Rapidly create VMs from template

  • In VMM R2

    • Create hardware and OS profiles with desired settings.

    • Create a template using profiles and specify blank VHD

  • Out of Band to VMM R2

    • Create generalized VHD

    • Provision storage, clone VHD and present it to host

      • Using storage technologies such as snap cloning

  • In VMM R2

    • Call New-VM with new parameter –UseLocalVirtualHardDisk

Vm provisioning using templates and rapid provisioning

VM Provisioning Using Templates and Rapid Provisioning


Support for csv
Support for CSV

  • Multiple VMs Sharing a LUN

VMM 2008 R2

  • CSV provides a single consistent file name space

    • Files have the same name and path when viewed from anynode in the cluster

    • CSV volumes are exposed as directories and subdirectories under the “ClusterStorage” root directory

      • C:\ClusterStorage\Volume1\<root>

      • C:\ClusterStorage\Volume2\<root>

      • C:\ClusterStorage\Volume3\<root>



Vol. 1

Vol. 2











Csv brings cluster fault tolerances
CSV brings Cluster Fault Tolerances

I/O Redirected via network

Routed to Redundant Network

Node Failure

VM running on Node 2 is unaffected

VM running on Node 2 is unaffected



Brief queuing of I/O while volume ownership is changed

Volume mounted on Node 1

SAN Connectivity Failure

Network Path Connectivity Failure

Volume relocates to a healthy node

Live migration support
Live Migration Support

Moving a virtual machine from one server to another without loss of service

  • Guest OS is unaware of the migration

  • Maintain TCP connections of the guest OS

  • VM is treated as a black box

  • Building block for Dynamic Data Center through business agility, cost reduction and increase in productivity

    Enables new dynamic scenarios

  • Load balancing VMs via policy

Orchestrated live migration
Orchestrated Live Migration

Virtual Machine

Virtual Machine

  • Memory Content

  • Memory Sync

  • Configuration Data


Node 1


Node 2



Network Storage

Quick storage migration
Quick Storage Migration

  • VMM supports

    • Quick Storage Migration

    • VMware Storage vMotion

  • Useful when;

    • Consolidating existing VMs in a Clustered Shared Storage (CSV)

    • Upgrading your SAN

    • Migrating from old to new SAN

    • Low disk space

    • Site to site migration

Quick storage migration behind the scene
Quick Storage Migration behind the scene

  • Create Checkpoint – Now R/W to Diff Disk

  • Copy VHD to Disk 2

  • Pause VM and Transfer Diff Disk to Disk 2

  • Apply Diff Disk

  • Start VM, Clean up Original

Source Disk

Destination Disk

Support for third party cfs
Support for third party CFS

  • Support for Veritas Volume Manager.

  • Supports Veritas Storage Foundation 5.1 for Windows (SFW),

  • An SFW volume is limited to one virtual machine.

  • Support for Sanbolic Clustered File System.

    • Support for Live/Quick Migration in Windows 2008 R2 clusters

    • Support for Quick Migration on Windows 2008 clusters

    • (solves the 1 LUN/VM limitation in clustering for down level Windows 2008)

Maintenance mode and live migration queuing
Maintenance Mode and Live Migration Queuing

  • Maintenance Mode Options:

    • Live-migrate all running HA VMs and save-state for non-HA running VMs

    • Place all running virtual machines into a saved state.

    • When host is in maintenance mode,

  • Blocks all virtual machine creation operations on the host.

  • Excludes the host from the host ratings during placement.

  • No VM can be moved into the host.

  • Host is not monitored

  • Supported for Hyper-V, VS and VMware hosts

Microsoft system center virtual machine manager 2008 r2 advanced virtualization management

Maintenance Mode usage scenarios

Enable Maintenance Mode

Host is now offline for servicing

Shared Storage

Conversions p2v and v2v
Conversions: P2V and V2V

Intuitive and easy to use tools provide:

  • Core feature of VMM, no additional infrastructure or costs per conversion

  • Wizard based experience

  • Reconfigure storage, memory, CPU, etc.

  • Efficient disk copy

  • Preserves network settings and MAC addresses

  • Automatable through PowerShell

    Supported platforms:

  • Live - Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, and Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7

  • Offline - Windows 2000 Server

Microsoft system center virtual machine manager 2008 r2 advanced virtualization management

Processor Compatibility Mode

Intel® Pentium® 4 VT

Intel® Xeon®

Host 1

Host 2

Shared Storage

Delegation self service portal
Delegation & Self Service Portal


  • Full access to all actions

  • Full access to all objects

  • Can use the Admin console or PowerShell interface

    Delegated Administrators

  • Full access to most actions

  • Scope can be limited by host groups and Library servers

  • Can use the Admin console or PowerShell interface

    Self-Service Users

  • Limited access to a subset of actions

  • Scope can be limited by host groups, library shares and

    VM ownership

  • Limited by utilization quotas and template costs

  • Can use the Self-Service Portal or PowerShell interface

Live migration maintenance mode self service portal

Live MigrationMaintenance Mode Self Service Portal


Vmm pro partner ecosystem
VMM PRO Partner Ecosystem








Power and Cooling

Scvmm 2008 r2 sp1

SCVMM 2008 R2 SP1


Microsoft system center virtual machine manager 2008 r2 advanced virtualization management

SCVMM 2008 R2 SP1 Goals

  • Add support for key Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 SP1 Features

    • Configuration support

    • Intelligent Placement support

  • Dynamic Memory

    • Startup Memory, Maximum Memory

    • Memory Priority, Target Buffer

  • RemoteFX

    • Maximum number of monitors

    • Maximum monitor resolution

The feature areas and investments in this slide represent design goals and, as such, are subject to change between now and actual product release.

Microsoft system center virtual machine manager 2008 r2 advanced virtualization management

Management Beyond VMM

  • Patch management and deployment

  • OS and application configuration management

  • Software upgrades

  • End to end service management

  • Server and application health monitoring & management

  • Performance reporting and analysis

  • Live host level virtual machine backup

  • In guest Apps backup

  • Rapid recovery

  • Incident and change management

  • Automation, orchestration, and integration for IT management tools

Microsoft system center virtual machine manager 2008 r2 advanced virtualization management

To review…

  • Streamlined VM Provisioning.

  • Migrations between machines with different processors.

Templates and VM Profiles,

Processor Compatibility Mode

  • Determine the right Host for your VM.

  • Optimize Resources and Performance.

Intelligent Placement


  • Migrating Storage from 1 SAN to another.

  • End to End Virtualization Management.

Quick Storage Migration

System Center

"Virtualization without good management is more dangerous

than not using virtualization in the first place" - Thomas Bittman, Gartner

Thank you

Thank you

Iftekhar Hussain


Related content

Required Slide

Speakers, please list the Breakout Sessions, Interactive Sessions, Labs and Demo Stations that are related to your session.

Related Content

VIR206: Virtualization 360- Microsoft Virtualization Strategy

  • VIR403: Hyper V tips and Tricks

  • VIR08-HOL- Hands-on Labs SCVMM 2008 R2: Introduction

VIR09-HOL: Hands –on Lab SCVMM 2008 R2: Advanced Topics

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Virtualization Track Resources

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© 2010 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries.

The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.