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Natural Gas Markets Enter an Era of Unprecedented Uncertainty NARUC Winter Committee Meetings February, 2008 PowerPoint Presentation
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Natural Gas Markets Enter an Era of Unprecedented Uncertainty NARUC Winter Committee Meetings February, 2008. US Supply Growth Has Allowed Gas and Oil Prices to Take Different Paths. Gas and Oil prices moved in different directions in ’07

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Natural Gas Markets Enter an Era of Unprecedented Uncertainty

NARUC Winter Committee Meetings

February, 2008

us supply growth has allowed gas and oil prices to take different paths
US Supply Growth Has Allowed Gas and Oil Prices to Take Different Paths

Gas and Oil prices moved in different directions in ’07

Gas supply proved sufficient to serve end users that could switch between oil and gas

LNG import levels hit record highs this summer, allowing sustained high storage inventories, but dropped this winter when oil-indexed gas markets with higher prices

Low US gas prices relative to oil will threaten longer term LNG imports

Gas and Oil Price History

Can US gas markets remain somewhat insulated from oil markets?

2

looking ahead demand from the power sector could put pressure on north american gas supplies
Looking Ahead: Demand from the Power Sector Could Put Pressure On North American Gas Supplies

Environmental Legislation

Rising Capital Costs

Shrinking Reserve Margins and Strong Demand Growth

Regulatory Uncertainty

Rush to Build Gas

Acceleration in Demand Growth, 2011-2015?

3

coal cancellations a power crunch in the making
Coal Cancellations: A Power Crunch in the Making

Over half the coal projects announced since 2000 have been cancelled or postponed

The Wood Mac base case does not assume significant amounts of new coal is built over the next decade

A stronger than expected shift to gas could increase gas price volatility

4

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Potential Federal GHG Legislation Raises Many QuestionsOur Initial Study Relied on an Optimistic View of Technology

Reduction Target Level?

How much nuclear?

Timing of the Target?

New Technologies?

Cap & Trade or Tax?

Price Caps or Safety Valves?

  • Nuclear power plant development near similar to 1960s and 1970s

2006 levels by 2020, and 1990 levels by 2030

  • Increased renewables, carbon capture and sequestration, and consumer efficiencies

Cap with safety valves prices at $12-$25 per ton

5

ghg study results capacity build and gas demand
GHG Study Results: Capacity Build and Gas Demand

US Assumed Capacity Build

Increase in gas demand is limited between 2013 and 2022 as renewables offset reduction in coal capacity.

Gas demand in base case is already growing at a high rate due to conservative outlook for coal

In the long term, gas demand tracks below base case demand, as nuclear generation limits the call on gas

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henry hub price
Henry Hub Price

Henry Hub Natural Gas Price (Real)

$9

$8

$7

$/mmbtu

$6

Base Case

GHG Case

$5

$4

2007

2009

2011

2013

2015

2017

2019

2021

2023

2025

2027

Gas prices are higher relative to the base case between 2013 and 2020

US prices are higher relative to oil-indexed European prices allowing US to attract LNG cargoes to meet demand associated with carbon regulations

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A Further Increase in Gas Generation Would Require Higher Cost Supplies—More LNG and Tighter Links To Oil

…Gas Demand Would Increase Quickly During a Period in Which Gas Prices are Heavily Tied to Oil

Gas Demand Could Push Higher than the Greenhouse Gas Outlook…

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strategic implications for the gas industry
Strategic Implications for the Gas Industry

Optimistic estimates for coal plant development have proved to be false as public opposition, high costs, and the threats of GHG legislation have combined to derail over half of the proposed projects

Natural gas will be the fuel of choice for power generation build over the next decade due lead time constraints and the lack of viable alternatives

Gas supplies in the US are now growing, but within five years, just as gas demand could accelerate, supplies look likely to level off. Canadian supplies are in decline.

A reliance on gas alone would likely mean higher, more volatile prices and an increased dependence on LNG

GHG Legislation: Even with a very optimistic view on technology, CO2 targets are not met, highlighting the difficulty of the challenge

Gas demand rises strongly through about 2018. Later, nuclear capacity additions begin to displace gas.

Gas prices increase rapidly after 2011, rising to near $8.00 per mmbtu (real). Despite the price, gas competes with coal because of the CO2 tax.

There is tremendous uncertainty around GHG legislation and technology development

Aggressive targets, or a “failure” in technology will result in a much stronger pull on natural gas

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