CHAPTER FOUR

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# CHAPTER FOUR - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

CHAPTER FOUR. FIXED RATE MORTGAGE LOANS. Chapter Objectives. Characteristics of constant payment (CPM), constant amortization (CAM), and graduated payment mortgages (GPM) Effective cost of borrowing v.s. lenders effective yield Calculate discount points or loan origination fees.

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### CHAPTER FOUR

FIXED RATE

MORTGAGE LOANS

Chapter Objectives
• Characteristics of constant payment (CPM), constant amortization (CAM), and graduated payment mortgages (GPM)
• Effective cost of borrowing v.s. lenders effective yield
• Calculate discount points or loan origination fees
Determinants of Mortgage Interest Rates
• Real rate of interest- the required rate at which economic units save rather than consume
• Rate of inflation
• Nominal rate or constant rate i= r+f
• Nominal rate= real rate plus a premium for inflation
Determinants of Mortgage Interest Rates
• Default risk- creditworthiness of borrowers
• Interest rate risk- rate change due to market conditions and economic conditions
• Prepayment risk- falling interest rates
• Liquidity risk
• i=r+ f+ P…
Development of Mortgage Payment Patterns
• Constant amortization mortgage (CAM)
• Constant payment
• Interest computed on the monthly loan balance
• Constant amortization amount
• Total payment= constant amortization amount plus monthly interest
Development of Mortgage Payment Patterns
• Constant payment mortgage (CPM)
• Constant monthly payment on original loan
• Fixed rate of interest for a given term
• Amount of amortization varies each month
• Completely repaid over the term of the loan
Development of Mortgage Payment Patterns
• Mortgage payments are lower in the initial years of the loan
• GPM payments are gradually increased at predetermined rates
Loan Constants
• Used prior to financial calculators
• Loan constant=

annual debt service

original loan balance

Loan Closing Costs and Effective Borrowing Costs
• Statutory costs
• Third party charges
• Additional finance charges i.e. loan discount fees, points
Effective Interest Cost Examples
• Contractual loan amount \$60,000
• Less organization fee(3%) \$ 1,800
• Net cash disbursed by lender \$58,200
• Interest rate= 12%
• Term 30 years
Effective Interest Cost Examples Continued
• Calculator solution
• n=360
• PMT= -617.17
• PV= 58,200
• FV= 0
• i=1.034324 (12.41% annualized)
Other Fixed Rate Mortgages
• Characteristics and Requirements:
• Regulation Z- truth in lending (APR)
• RESPA- Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act
• Prepayment penalties and other fees
• Reverse annuity mortgages (RAMs)
Reverse Annuity Mortgage Example
• Residential property value \$500,000
• Loan amount (to be disbursed
• in monthly installments) \$250,000
• Term 10 years 120 months
• Interest Rate 10%
Reverse Annuity Mortgage Example Continued
• Calculator solution:
• FV=-250,000
• i=10%/ 12
• PMT= ?
• n=120
• Solve for payment \$1220.44