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Evaluation and practical application of BREF in the Flemish textile industry. Index cards of BAT. Ilse De Vreese Bucharest COST 628, WG1 (17/03/05). background. IPPC directive: July 2003: Best Available Techniques REFerence document for Textiles Industry

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evaluation and practical application of bref in the flemish textile industry

Evaluation and practical application of BREF in the Flemish textile industry

Index cards of BAT

Ilse De Vreese

Bucharest COST 628, WG1 (17/03/05)

background
background
  • IPPC directive:
    • July 2003: Best Available Techniques REFerence document for Textiles Industry
    • available via: http://eippcb.jrc.es/pages/FActivities.htm
    • companies with production capacity of 10 ton/d should produce according to BREF by 30/10/07
difficulties
difficulties
  • BREF document:
    • 624 pages
    • not available in Dutch
    • result of information exchange on European level
  • SME’s and big companies:
    • volume and language: threshold
    • implementation of BREF in Flemish companies with their specific processes and market segments
presti project
PRESTI project
  • Flemish programme: PREvention STImulation project
  • BREF as tool to encourage companies to control their impact on the environment
  • end product: Manual for practical implementation of the BREF document in the Flemish textile finishing companies
  • “translated” index cards: into Dutch and compared (or translated) to the situation in Flanders
  • initiatives for announcing and use of this Manual (companies and government)
gather information
gather information
  • selection of 10 companies:
    • from small to big
    • commission finishers and integrated companies
    • raw materials: natural and synthetic
    • make up: yarn, fabric, knitwear, carpet
    • batch, continuous processing
    • end product: interior, clothing, technical, intermediates
bref document
BREF document
  • chapter 5 (together with chapter 4):
    • Generic BAT
    • Process integrated measures: textile finishing and carpet industry
      • pretreatment
      • dyeing
      • printing
      • finishing
      • washing
    • Effluent treatment
kind of information
kind of information
  • to what extent the BAT are applicated
  • advantages (economical and ecological) per technique
  • reason why a techniques is much, little or not applicated
  • conflicts between application of BAT and obligations in exploitation permit
  • conditions for application of BAT in Flemish companies: size of company, importance of activity, …
  • alternatives to BAT used in Flemish companies
  • focus on prevention or end of pipe techniques
manual
manual
  • Best Available Techniques divided in:
    • general
    • process
    • product
dissemination
dissemination
  • organisation of 3 workshops for companies:
    • environmental coordinator
    • production responsible
    • importance of IPPC and BREF
    • how to use the index cards
    • stimulation to use the index cards in the companies
dissemination1
dissemination
  • organisation of 2 workshops for the government:
    • people involved in the writing of permits and sectoral norms for discharge of wastewater
    • image of the sector and typical products / processes in Flanders
    • how to use the index cards
    • stimulation to use the index cards in the writing of obligations in the permits