major/speciality freshman sophomore junior senior undergraduate graduate postgraduate academic degree bachelor’s degree master’s degree doctor’s degree credit thesis/dissertation self-study homework/assignment entrance examination final examination mid-term examination make-up examination compulsory course optional course fail dropout professor tutor Directions: What words will occur to you whenever we mention “college life”? Write down as many words as possible about it. Word Web Study Warm-up Questions Blank Filling I AM A GOOD STUDENT Some Chinese Quotes and Proverbs on Education
students’ club campus love outing dance/ball performance part-time job tutor salesperson Campus Equipment Word Web dining-room lecture room library auditorium gymnasium laboratory self-study center playground dormitory store clinic Warm-up Questions Blank Filling I AM A GOOD STUDENT Social Activities Some Chinese Quotes and Proverbs on Education
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What are the differences between college life and middle school life? Were you accustomed to college life in the first month after you entered the college? How did you feel then? Who is the best student in your class? Why do you say so? Do you think a student who is only good at study is a good student? Why or why not? To be a straight-A student, what should a student do? Having spent almost one term in college, do you have any different opinions on college life from the ones you had at the beginning? What are they? Word Web Warm-up Questions Blank Filling I AM A GOOD STUDENT Some Chinese Quotes and Proverbs on Education
Directions: Dr. Randall Hansen is a professor at Stetson University in DeLand, Florida. He is often asked for his advice on how students can get better grades. And after a couple of years of refining his ideas, he has developed 10 tips. The following is one of them. You are required to listen to it and fill in the blanks with the words you heard. Word Web Warm-up Questions Blank Filling I AM A GOOD STUDENT Attend All Your Classes Now, you might think this is an easy thing. But I speak from when I say that many students for one reason or another. But if you want , there are several why you should attend all your classes: To classroom material. Even if the professor follows the textbook pretty closely, in the classroom and listening to the will help you the knowledge. Some Chinese Quotes and Proverbs on Education _________ __________ experience skip classes ___________ good grades _______ reasons ______ absorb _____ sitting _______ ______ lectures absorb
________ presence To make your known. One of the benefits of going to college is that you form a student-mentor some of your professors, and that’s not going to happen if you don’t attend the classes. And to be involved in the class discussions will help a lot. To attendance points. Many professors have so you can have a direct on your grades simply by attending. Don’t forget to — generally, those who do this are usually the best students. Word Web __________ relationship with Warm-up Questions ______________ making an effort Blank Filling ____ earn attendance I AM A GOOD STUDENT _______, _______ policies impact ________________ sit close to the front Some Chinese Quotes and Proverbs on Education
Directions: I AM A GOOD STUDENT is the study skills program designed for students. Each letter of the title represents an important action that needs to be taken to achieve academic success. Word Web Warm-up Questions Blank Filling I is for the INTEREST that is needed to enable a learner to experience what is in life and to open up potential vistas. I AM A GOOD STUDENT A is for the need to ACTIVATEand MOTIVATE. A learner needs to activate the desire to learn. This can be done by being involved in programs designed to demonstrate the payoffs of effective studying. Some Chinese Quotes and Proverbs on Education M is for the need to MANAGE one’s time before, after and during a learning experience. Managing and taking control of the learning situation maximizes time utilization and provides space for recreational activities.
A means to AFFIRMby both verbal and non-verbal means, which is needed to reconfirm the concept that every learner is capable, valuable, worthy and good enough to put forth the effort needed to succeed. Word Web Warm-up Questions G is for the need to GATHER the available information in effective learning and there are necessary skills that need to be developed. Blank Filling I AM A GOOD STUDENT O is for ORGANIZE. Youngsters should get trained to organize desks, lockers, as well as schedules and assignments. Some Chinese Quotes and Proverbs on Education O (the second O) is for OUTLINE. A student will learn to outline textbooks, notes and various assignments. D is for the need to DECIDE. Students should be aware of the fact that all choices are up to themselves and learn to direct their efforts in a positive way with the use of effective learning methods. S is for the need to STRATEGIZE, involving such strategies as listening and textbook reading designed to assist studying.
T is for TEST. In this section the student is exposed to test-taking techniques and methods for test preparations. Word Web U is for USE and UNDERSTANDING of the multisensory approaches stressed in this study skills program. Warm-up Questions Blank Filling D is for DO. Students need to DEVELOP and maintain good study skills and study habits. I AM A GOOD STUDENT E is for EVALUATE. Through this phase students assess their progress in the appropriate use of the study skills techniques and their impact on the students’ learning situations. Some Chinese Quotes and Proverbs on Education N is for NORMALIZE. This refers to making proper and appropriate study skills a normal part of the students’ lives with the hope that habituation (养成习惯，习惯化) occurs and these skills become habits. T is for TRY. Have a try and you will find these skills are viable and rewarding.
Confucius was a teacher, scholar and minor political official whose commentary on Chinese literary classics developed into a pragmatic philosophy for daily life. Not strictly religious, the teachings of Confucius were a useful approach to social harmony and defined moral obligations between individuals and social systems. After his death his pupils collected notes on his sayings Word Web Warm-up Questions Blank Filling I AM A GOOD STUDENT Some Chinese Quotes and Proverbs on Education ■
and doings and recorded them as the Analects. This collection was added to over the years, and many sayings attributed to him are probably only loosely based on his teachings. His approach was formalized into a political and religious system during the Han Dynasty in the early part of the third century. Word Web Warm-up Questions Blank Filling I AM A GOOD STUDENT Some Chinese Quotes and Proverbs on Education
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand. Exploring the old and deducing the new makes a teacher. To learn without thinking is labour in vain; to think without learning is desolation. Knowledge is not equal to devotion. Devotion is not equal to joy. Real knowledge is to know the extent of one’s ignorance. When you know a thing, to hold that you know it; and when you do not know a thing, to allow that you do not know it —this is knowledge. Word Web Warm-up Questions Blank Filling I AM A GOOD STUDENT Some Chinese Quotes and Proverbs on Education
( ) T 1. The brightest students are not always straight-A students. True or False ( ) 2. For top students, study is more important than recreation. T ( ) F 3. Top students have the same opinion on study times. Scanning No, they think study times are strictly a matter of personal preference. Interview ( ) F 4. Top students always pay more attention to consistency than the ability to organize everything well. They pay attention to both of them. ( ) F 5. The function of timetables is to let students have more time to review and polish their work only. Besides that, it also prevents students from wasting time.
( ) 6. Winning formula here refers to neat homework, being active in class and classroom participation. T True or False ( ) 7. Collective study is better than self-study. T Scanning ( ) F 8. Parents are a crucial factor for top students and they often give their children pressure. Interview Instead of pressuring their children, these parents were always loving, gentle and took pains to explain and motivate.
Directions: In the text, the author tells us some secrets in becoming a top student. Now you are required to scan the whole text and find out what these secrets are. True or False Scanning Study time is more important than recreation. Interview Study time is a matter of personal preference but consistency is a main factor. Learning to be organized is important. Effective reading is a useful technique. Scheduling one’s time properly is essential for a top student. Handing in neat work and speaking up and asking questions in class is a winning formula.
Classroom participation is an important factor for academic excellence. True or False Studying together will help a student to be a top one. Scanning The value of hypothetical tests is obvious. Interview Do more homework is another useful technique. Parents contribute greatly to a top student.
Directions: Suppose you are a professor of education whose major studies are on super-achieving students. And your partner is a reporter from China Daily. You have an interview about how to be a top student in college. You may make full use of the information in previous activities. True or False Scanning Interview
Working towards academic excellence constitutes one of the most important parts of college life and is the goal of most college students. Straight-A students, in this respect, can be of great help by sharing their secrets in achieving academic excellence. Read the following text to find out what some of these secrets are. Detailed Reading
Secrets of Straight-A Students Detailed Reading A professor of education who has conducted major studies of super-achieving students revealed that top grades do not always go to the brightest students. According to him, other education experts and top students themselves, it is far more important for a student to know how to make the most of his or her innate abilities.
The students at the top of the class attainacademic excellence by mastering a few basic principles that others can easily learn. To begin with, top students know how to set their priorities right. Study time is never compromised for phone calls, television programmes or snacks. In other words, it is always Detailed Reading placed above recreation. In addition, top students make a point of studying anywhere or everywhere. A top student who is also a top athlete memorises biology terms as he works out every day. Another student learns a new word every morning while brushing his teeth. Among all the students interviewed, everyone agreed that study times are strictly a matter of personal preference. Some thrive at night when all is silent. Others prefer to study as soon as they come home from school when the lessons are fresh in their minds. However, all agreed that consistency is a main factor if one is to perform well at all times.
A student must also learn to be organised. For example, a top student who is actively involved in his school band, track and field, rugby association and debate team disclosed that he keeps his things in their proper places because he simply cannot afford time-wasting searches. Detailed Reading Another student immediately files the day’s notes in colour-coded folders so that they are available for review nearing examination time. Another technique advocated by top students is to read effectively. This includes speed-reading, improving one’s memory or retention ability, and actively asking questions that will lead to a full understanding of the author’s message.
It is also important for students to know how to schedule their time. They must know how to pace each assignment or project according to their daily timetable and work ability so that they might not be overwhelmed by the tasks at hand. Being able to set timetables not only allows students more time to review and polish their work, it also prevents them from procrastinating. Top students believe that a secret of their success is the taking down of good notes during lessons and using them for revision. One student revealed that she writes notes from the text on one side of her notebook Detailed Reading and those from her teachers’ lectures on the other side. This allows her to review both aspects of each lesson at once.
The student also revealed that instead of wasting time whispering to friends and getting ready to rush out of the class just before the bell rings, she uses those few minutes to jot down a two or three-sentence summary of the lesson’s principal points. She then scans the notes to refresh her memory before the next day’s class. Detailed Reading Another winning formula which teachers promote lies in a student’s ability to hand in neat work.According to one professor, the student who turns in neat work is already on the way to scoring an A. In the classroom context, it is equally important for students to speak up and ask questions. This is perhaps the best way for a student to clarify any doubts. Classroom participation also demonstrates a student’s intellectual curiosity. As a student concisely puts it, “Better grades come from better understanding.”
The value of studying together was demonstrated in an experiment conducted at one top university. The study revealed that students who discussed homework and problems together, tried different approaches and explained their solutions to one another scored higher than those who laboured on their own. The experiment also illuminated the value of hypothetical tests conducted among the students and on their own. This means that students frame tentative test questions based on their notes and give each other or themselves written examinations the day before a test. Detailed Reading Experts confirmed that students who devise possible test questions often find many of the same questions during the real examination and thus score higher.
Another technique employed by top students is to do more than the assigned homework. A student revealed that if her teacher gives five problems, she will undertake ten. In the student’s words, “Part of learning is practising. The more you practise, the more you learn.” Last but not least, all experts and top students agree that the most important “secret” of super-achievers lies in the crucial contribution by parents. From infancy, super-achievers were taught the importance of learning by their parents. The latter set high standards for their children and held them to those standards. They encouraged their children in their studies but Detailed Reading did not undertake the work for them. Instead of pressuring their children, these parents were always loving, gentle and took pains to explain and motivate. They impressed the lessons of responsibility on their children, and the children delivered.
Secrets of Straight-A Students Detailed Reading 1. Who are called “straight-A students”? A straight-A student is someone who regularly gets the best marks for all of their work in school or college. 2. Translate the title into Chinese. 全优生的秘诀
…, it is far more important for a student to know how to make the most of his or her innate abilities. Detailed Reading 1. What is the part of speech of the word “far”? What does it mean? It’s an adverb. It means very much. It can be used to modify some adjectives, such as far less/better/easier, and to modify some prepositions, such as far above/below/beyond. More examples: It would take me far too long to explain. The new system is far better than the old one. He bought it for a price that was far beyond (= much more than) its real value. 2. Paraphrase “make the most of his or her innate abilities”. To get as much advantage as one can from one’s innate abilities.
Study time is never compromised for phone calls, television programmes or snacks. In other words, it is always placed above recreation. Detailed Reading What kind of study habit does the author describe? Talk about it in your own words. Never make phone calls, watch television or have snacks when it’s time to study. Study is forever the first choice.
They must know how to pace each assignment or project according to their daily timetable and work ability so that they might not be overwhelmed by the tasks at hand. Detailed Reading 1. What can you infer from the expression “to pace each assignment or project according to their daily timetable and work ability”? Our time and energy are limited, so we have to organize our assignments and activities skillfully so that we do not have too much to do and still have energy left near the end. 2. Paraphrase “the tasks at hand”. Tasks that need to be dealt with now.
Another winning formula which teachers promote lies in a student’s ability to hand in neat work. Detailed Reading What does “formula” originally mean? What does it refer to here? Formula means a list of the substances used to make a medicine, drink, etc. Here winning formula refers to a method that leads to success.
According to one professor, the student who turns in neat work is already on the way to scoring an A. Detailed Reading What can we infer from “is already on the way to scoring an A”? It is very likely that the student will get an A.
The experiment also illuminated the value of hypothetical tests conducted among the students and on their own. Detailed Reading 1. What is a “hypothetical test”? A hypothetical test is a test that is not real, but that might happen. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 研究也证明了学生间互相进行模拟测试或自我测试的好处。
Experts confirmed that students who devise possible test questions often find many of the same questions during the real examination and thus score higher. Detailed Reading What is the benefit of devising possible test questions? By devising questions that might possibly appear in the test, the students undertake a thorough review of what they’ve learned and becomebetter prepared for the real test.
The latter set high standards for their children and held them to those standards. Detailed Reading Paraphrase “held them to those standards” . Helped them live up to the standards.
They impressed the lessons of responsibility on their children, and the children delivered. Detailed Reading 1. Explain the part “impressed the lessons of responsibility on their children”. “Impress something on somebody” means to make the importance of something clear to someone. The parents made it clear to their children that responsibility is very important. 2. What does “deliver” mean? It means to provide something promised or expected. 3. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 他们使孩子们铭记肩负的责任，而孩子们则将其付诸实践。
conduct: vt. carry out or direct; go with and guide or lead Detailed Reading We are conducting a survey of consumer attitudes towards organic food. Is it really necessary to conduct experiments on animals? Collocation: conduct a meeting 主持会议 conduct an investigation 进行调查
innate: adj. (of a quality) which someone was born with Detailed Reading The kids have an innate curiosity about the physical world. 孩子具有天生的学习语言的能力。 Children have an innate ability to learn language.
attain: vt. gain or arrive at, esp. after long effort; reach Detailed Reading India attained independence in 1947. I would tell them that they could attain levels of quality and customer satisfaction greater than they had ever imagined.
CF: attain, achieve & accomplish attain achieve accomplish 这三个动词均有“达到、完成”之意。 Detailed Reading 指努力去达成或实现目标，常指事先没有确信会成功而去追求的目标。例如: She finally attained her ends. 她终于达到了她的目的。 Kacy attained the rank of deputy director. 凯茜当上副经理了。 指由于功绩或努力而理所当然应该得到的成功。例如: He will never achieve his objectives if he does not work harder. 如果不加倍努力的话，他永远也实现不了他的目标。 指完成规定的任务。例如: He accomplished the building of the bookcase. 他做完了一个书橱。
academic: adj. concerning education, esp. college or university level; being or based on subjects that are taught to develop the mind rather than to provide practical skills Detailed Reading Her name is well known in academic circles. Teachers must provide challenging activities for their more academic pupils. 麦克没有工作而且毫无学术成就。 Mike was unemployed, and had no academic achievement. Collocation: academic research an academic degree an academic discussion an academic year 学术研究 学位 学术讨论 学年
principle: n. a truth or belief that is accepted as a base for reasoning or action; the general rules on which a skill, science, etc. is based, and which a beginner must understand Detailed Reading He prided himself on his high moral principles (= strong ideas about how it is right or wrong to behave). Schools try to teach children a set of principles. Collocation: against somebody’s principles违背原则 It’s against my principles to accept gifts from clients. 从客户那里接受礼物有违我的原则。 a person of principle有原则的人 He considered himself to be a man of principle. 他认为自己是一个有原则的人。 in principle原则上 In principle, the new software should make the accounting system a lot simpler. 原则上，这个新的软件应当使会计系统简便很多。
priority: n. something that needs attention, consideration, service, etc. before others Detailed Reading After several burglaries in the area, security is now a high priority. With so little money available, repairs must remain a low priority. 我们应当优先考虑孩子。 The children are our first priority. Collocation: a first/top/main priority优先考虑的问题 Road building is a top priority. 道路建设是应最优先考虑的事情。 priority over比……优先 This project has priority over others. 这个项目应放在其他一切项目之上。
compromise: vi. do something that is against one’s principles or does not reach the standards that one has set Detailed Reading The captain refused to compromise on any of his demands. She admitted that she was unable to compromise. The employers will have to be ready to compromise if they want to avoid a strike.
Collocation: Detailed Reading compromise with和某人妥协 We cannot compromise with those whose principles are directly opposed to our own. 我们不能和在原则方面与我们针锋相对的人妥协。 compromise on在某事上妥协 The President might be willing to compromise on defense spending. 总统可能愿意在国防开支上妥协。
recreation: n. [C; U] (a form of) amusement and enjoyment; way of spending free time Detailed Reading Vancouver is a city more in tune with outdoor recreation than cultural institutions. 他唯一的消遣方式就是喝啤酒和看足球。 His only recreations are drinking beer and watching football. They see the outdoors as a recreation activity, not a job opportunity.
CF: recreation, pastime & hobby recreation pastime hobby 这三个名词均有“闲暇时间的活动”之意。 Detailed Reading 指娱乐性放松，其含义包括了体育锻炼。例如： Holiday centers offer a variety of recreations that include folk dancing, swimming and boating. 度假中心提供各种各样的娱乐，包括民间舞蹈、游泳和划船。 指为消磨闲暇所做的任何事情，代表着几乎没有什么价值的活动。例如： He insisted that his painting was merely a pastime that kept him from being bored. 他认为他画画只是为了摆脱无聊的一种消遣罢了。 指一种完善而具体的知识或对有些领域很在行的活动，尤指收集或修补活动，经常由自己在家里做。例如： Susan’s hobbies include reading, cooking, and drama. 苏珊的爱好有阅读、烹饪和戏剧。
addition: n. the act of adding, esp. of adding numbers together; something added Detailed Reading Additions are made to the list from time to time. In the last three months there has been a new addition to the family — our daughter, Rachel. Collocation: in addition此外，另外 The boss forced him to work sixteen hours a day and beat him in addition. 老板强迫他一天工作16个小时，而且还要打他。 in addition to 除了……之外 In addition to his salary, he earns a lot from royalties. 除了工资，他还挣不少版税。
CF: addition & accretion 这两个名词均有“增加、增添”之意。 addition 指数目的增加，或一样东西与另一样东西的相加。例如: accretion 指自然的增加，尤指外层附加物的添加。例如: Detailed Reading The addition of flour will thicken gravy. 加些面粉可使肉汁变稠。 A mineral augments by accretion. 矿物因增生而增大。 A glacier is formed by the accretion of many particles of frozen packed snow. 冰川是由许多冻实的小雪块相加而形成的。
thrive: v. develop well and be healthy, strong, or successful Detailed Reading Most herbs need direct sun all day in order to thrive. The IT explosion means that telecommunications companies are thriving. NB: 注意该词的词性变化，它的形容词形式为 thriving。例如： a thriving company a thriving tourist industry
consistency: n. the state of always keeping to the same principles or course of action Detailed Reading Consumer groups are demanding greater consistency in the labeling of food products. 消费者组织要求食品标签有更高的一致性。 Consistency of performance depends on several factors.
perform: vt. 1. do; carry out (a piece of work, duty, ceremony, etc.), esp. according to a usual or established method Detailed Reading The operation was performed by a team of surgeons at Brooks Hospital. Students perform increasingly difficult tasks as the course continues. Surgery was performed Friday to correct the heart defects. 2. give, act, or show (a play, a part in a play, a piece of music, tricks, etc.), esp. in the presence of the public The opera was performed in over 100 cities.