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Opportunities in Science, Technology and Engineering Education. General Science Brown Bag, Dec 12, 2005 Rollie Otto, Head, Center for Science and Engineering Education Peggy McMahan - General Science Activities. Local and National Challenges .

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opportunities in science technology and engineering education

Opportunities in Science, Technology and Engineering Education

General Science Brown Bag, Dec 12, 2005

Rollie Otto, Head, Center for Science and Engineering Education

Peggy McMahan - General Science Activities

local and national challenges
Local and National Challenges

Underrepresentation of women and minorities in the scientific and engineering workforce – persistance through graduate school

  • Low academic performance by students in urban and rural school districts – correlates with socio economics
  • Most talented future scientists, engineers and computer scientists underserved in our education system
  • Lack of time and resources for K-12 science education in many schools
programs and activities
Programs and Activities
  • What are we doing?
  • How can we do more?
  • How Can we get resources for doing more?
center for science and engineering education csee
Center for Science and Engineering Education - CSEE
  • CSEE established 1988 to:
    • Manage DOE Office of Science Education and Workforce Development Programs
    • Coordinate Education Outreach Activities at LBNL and Develop Education Partnerships
    • Facilitate and Leverage LBNL Science and Technology Programs for Educational Outreach
  • Current Budget $1.2 M(Est.FY06)
    • DOE Program Fund; $700

(mentored research experiences)

    • LBNL Office of Operations; $500

(staffing and local outreach)

csee mission and goals
CSEE Mission and Goals
  • Berkeley Lab Mission
    • Educate and Train Future Generations of Scientists and Engineers to Promote National Science and Education Goals
  • CSEE Mission
    • Utilize the resources of the Berkeley Lab to prepare the next generation of scientists, engineers, and computing scientists.
  • CSEE Goals
    • Provide access to scientific and technical careers.
    • Improve the quality of science, technology and engineering teaching.
    • Nurture and train elementary to graduate school students for STEM Careers
    • Promote scientific literacy
csee addresses goals and challenges
CSEE Addresses Goals and Challenges
  • Mentored research experiences for high school / college students and faculty
  • Partnerships with minority serving institutions (HBCU’s and CC’s)
  • Science education programs activities for local students, teachers, and schools
  • Support for Division and investigator sponsored and outreach activities
  • Track students career choices into graduate school and beyond and link to recruitment for Lab

Mentored Research Internships

Office of Science, Office of Science Education and Workforce Development

  • Undergraduate student internships (SULI, and CCI)
  • Faculty Student Teams (FaST, and Faculty Sabbatical)
  • Teacher and future teacher research internships (LSTPD and PST)
  • High School Student Research Participation
undergraduate student experience
Undergraduate Student Experience
  • Research Papers
  • Presentations
  • Poster Sessions
  • Instructional


student professional development
Student Professional Development
  • Safety Training
  • Weekly Seminars:
  • applying for graduate school
  • Federal support for science research
  • & development
  • careers in science
  • Education Outreach Opportunities
  • Workshops:
  • Writing
  • Effective Presentation
  • Mary Griffin
  • Vassar
  • Chemistry

Scientific Software development in the 21st century: Tools for solving the scientific challenges of tomorrow and today

mentor experience
Mentor Experience

Student contacts Mentor

for advanced reading materials

Meeting to clarify assignment

establish expectations

Abstract of assignment

80% of 10 weeks spent

in lab

Final presentations and papers

Christina Leggett

Florida State University


Studies of the surface charge properties of titanium, aluminum, and uranium oxides by potentiometric titration.

berkeley lab selection process
Berkeley Lab Selection Process
  • Oliver Paradis
  • Laney College
  • Chemistry
  • Lab investigators:
  • 1) Submit research opportunities
  • http://www.lbl.gov/Education/CSEE/cup
  • /ResearchOpps/UndergradRsch.html
  • 2) Review on-line applicant pool
  • 3) Selects and requests student
  • Berkeley Lab Center for Science
  • And Engineering Education:
  • Notifies DOE
  • Makes offer to student
  • Student has 10 days to accept.

Quantification of Algal And Bacterial Biomass

semester opportunities
Semester Opportunities
  • Rachelle Majeske
  • Crafton Hills College
  • Chemistry
  • Consider Fall and Spring 15 week
  • Opportunities
  • link to summer appointments
  • fewer competing applicants
  • check credit for research seminar
  • take on-line courses for credit
  • transfer units from courses at UC Berkeley

Devise as sample preparation method for PAH in particulate matter from Seattle

partnerships with minority serving institutions faculty student teams
Partnerships with minority serving institutions - Faculty Student Teams
  • One faculty member and two – three students working as team with research group at DOE National Lab
  • Ten week summer program
  • Applications open in fall
  • Selections made in February
  • Program supported through DOE - Office of Science and NSF Education and Human Resources
fast objectives
FaST Objectives
  • Pipeline for populations of women and minorities underrepresented in science, engineering and computing scientists
  • Establish long term collaborative research with colleges and universities with limited research capabilities.



fast eligibility
FaST Eligibility
  • Faculty and Students must be US Citizen or PRA
  • Students must be:
    • Enrolled as undergraduates and completed one semester
    • 18 Years of age
    • Have graduate from HS or have a GED
    • May participate in max of two FaST appointments
    • Have proof of health insurance
  • NSF Support Available to Institutions with Programs on NSF list
nsf partner programs
NSF Partner Programs
  • Advanced Technological Education ATE)
  • Center for Learning and Teaching (CLT)
  • Centers of Research for Excellence in Science and Technology (Crest)
  • Computer Science, Engineering and Mathematics Scholarships (CSEMS)
  • Gender Diversity in STEM Education (GDSE)
  • HBCU – Undergraduate Program
  • Collaboratives for Excellence in Teacher Preparation (CETP
  • Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Teacher Preparation (STEMP)
  • Tribal Colleges and Universities Program (TCUP)
  • Students: $4500 plus housing supplement of $750
  • Faculty: 2/9 academic salary up to $12,000
  • Travel reimbursement to and from the Lab
  • Funds may be available for hosting Lab groups to cover materials and supplies
faculty responsibilities
Faculty Responsibilities
  • Establish research plan for summer in advance with Berkeley Lab investigator
  • Identify NSF eligible NSF grant on campus
  • Identify and select students
  • Apply to program and ensure students apply
    • www.scied.science.gov/scied/fast/about.html
    • CSEE.lbl.gov/fast.html
  • When receive notification of acceptance – contact NSF project manager and request supplemental funding
summer requirement
Summer Requirement
  • Students participate in 10 week undergraduate research participation program and meet all requirements.
    • Poster presentation in final week
    • Research summary
    • Attend weekly seminars
  • Faculty establish agreed shared responsibilities for student mentoring with Berkeley Lab Project investigator
    • Available most of summer
    • Final report
    • Collaborative research follow-up
laboratory science teacher professional development program
Laboratory Science Teacher Professional Development Program
  • LSTPD At Berkeley Lab (18 teachers 2005)
    • 8 week Teacher as Research for first year
    • 4 week Teacher as Investigator for 2nd and 3rd Year
  • Support
    • $800 / wk
    • Up to $2000 m&s
    • Travel to professional conference (e.g. NSTA)
  • Professional Development Plan
high school student research
High School Student Research
  • High School Student Research Participation Program
    • Six week summer internship for students interested science engineering, computer sciences.
    • Mentored research experience
    • Students write summary of research and profile
    • Final power point presentation
    • 160 applications from talented students in SF Bay Area.
    • 36 positions in 2005, 44 in 2004. Paid by research Divisions and Investigators ($3K/student)
outreach to local schools
Outreach to Local Schools
  • Science Bowl – January 28, 2006 (Up to 24 teams)
  • 5th to 12th Grade Tours (835 students in 05)
  • Berkeley 5th grade lesson at 11 elementary schools (700 students in 05)
  • Careers in Science and Technology – school site talks
support for division and investigator outreach activities
Support for Division and Investigator Outreach Activities
  • Environmental Control Technology Education for Advanced Building Operations (NSF $800K) – EETD and Laney College
  • CPEP – Chart Development – UniverseAdventure web site (Bechtel Foundation Gift - $30K)
  • Startup support and encouragement
    • Hands-on Universe
    • Nano-High
the role of scientists in the divisions

The Role of Scientists in the Divisions

Peggy McMahan

  • Why should we take time away from science to address these issues?
  • What are present activities in General Sciences?
  • How can we get involved in the future?
the value of education and outreach
The Value of Education and Outreach
  • Next generation of scientists and engineers
  • Scientific literacy
  • Workforce diversity

Workforce Development and

Scientific Literacy

“Where have the Americans gone?”

“Our Nation is failing to produce both a scientifically literate citizenry and the kind of workforce we will need in the 21st Century.”

Recommendation A: 10,000 Teachers, 10 Million minds and K-12 Science and Mathematics Education

Increase America’s talent pool by vastly improving K-12 science and math education

Recommendation C: Best and Brightest in Science and Engineering Higher Education

Make the US the most attractive setting in which to study and perform research so that we can develop, recruit, and retain the best and brightest students, scientists and engineers from within the US and throughout the world.

Office of Science Director Ray Orbach


Scientific Community Needs to Contribute

“Scientific literacy is an essential task to which we must all contribute. … Otherwise, … our ability to adapt to our rapidly changing technological environment will be at risk.”

“Yet, 42% of scientists do not engage in any form of public

outreach. … The beauty of science, its import, and its logic have much to contribute to our national heritage.

All of us are teachers. We must continue to show the way."

Office of Science Director Ray Orbach


Link between Research and Education

“The university community often talks about the link between research and education, but that must be more than just a rhetorical flourish.

“If research is going to continue to merit large-scale public support - as it must - then the research establishment must rededicate itself to addressing our most pressing and perplexing public needs.”

House Science

Committee Chair

Sherwood Boehlert

Michael Barnett LBNL, Jan. 2002


Give Teachers the Tools

To realize the ambitions of "No Child Left Behind" we must give our teachers the tools they need to help them create experiences for young people that awaken the desire to know more about their world.

And we need to give our young people the skills and knowledge they will need even to begin to understand what science is all about.

Presidential Science Advisor John Marburger

Michael Barnett LBNL, Jan. 2002

seab 2003
SEAB 2003

"The Department should dramatically enhance its role in educating and training future scientists and engineers, drawn from America’s diverse population, for careers in DOE-related fields. The Department should establish strong programs of undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral fellowships or traineeships in the physical sciences and engineering and should strengthen its outreach at the K-12 level.”

Final Report of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board's Task Force on the

Future of Science Programs at the Department of Energy -- October 13, 2003

gs scientists play national roles
GS scientists play national roles
  • Contemporary Physics Education Project
    • Barnett, Smoot, Matis, McMahan, Erzberger (retired)
  • American Physical Society
    • Divisional Education Committees
      • Matis, McMahan (DNP), Celata (DPB)
    • Committee on Minorities - Barletta
    • Forum on Education - McMahan (Chair-Elect)
    • Forum on Graduate Student Affairs – Winslow (Past-chair)
  • Major collaborations
    • ATLAS Education Director – Barnett
  • Advisory Committees
    • Cerny (Chair of NSAC Subcommittee on Education)
    • McMahan (JINA International Advisory Committee – Outreach specialist)

DOE-HEP Recognizes LBNL Programs

2 of 4 are LBNL-related sites


DOE-NP Recognizes LBNL Programs

All three are LBNL sites


Enhancing the Image of LBNL

  • Our educational/outreach activities enhance the reputation of LBNL as a research institution
  • In our community
  • With our funding agencies
  • In Washington

“Far more valuable than the material [from LBNL] was the time offered by several Berkeley physicists, including Helmuth Spieler, who is researching the structure of the universe…”

Lodi Lode in an article entitled:

“Senior Project Outta Sight”

teacher professional development
Teacher Professional Development
  • Hands-On Universe (began with CSEE support)
    • Mentioned by President Bill Clinton (1997) in statement on his education priorities.
    • BBC story
    • CNN clip
  • LBNL Intensive Research Institute for Preservice Teachers
  • QuarkNet – A National Educational Program
    • Founded by M. Barnett (LBNL) and R. Ruchti (Notre Dame)
    • Line item in President’s budget; 20% increase for 2006.
hands on universe
Hands-on Universe
  • HOU started out as an educational activity of the LBNL Supernova Cosmology Project founder, Carl Pennypacker, in 1991.
  • Grants to the NSF were written to develop curriculum, teacher training, and a web-based and CD system for training teachers.
  • HOU’s goal is to reach and be used by from 6000 to 15,000 US teachers. With the existing 400 teachers, each using HOU for approximately two classes a year, we are reaching 24,000 students a year.
  • HOU is now run in partnership with the Lawrence Hall of Science
lbnl intensive research institute
LBNL Intensive Research Institute
  • Begun in 2003 as part of the DOE PreService Teacher Program
  • Designed for future math students and others who have limited course work in science
  • Primarily a partnership with the Fresno Collaborative for Excellence in the Preparation of Teachers (FCEPT) at Cal State Fresno
  • Four 2-week workshops:
    • Nuclear science and neutron activation analysis (Rick Norman, Peggy McMahan, Howard Shugart)
    • Natural terrestrial radiation (Al Smith)
    • Cosmic rays (Peggy McMahan, Howard Matis, Stu Loken, Helmut Spieler)
lbnl intensive research institute38
LBNL Intensive Research Institute

The program allows pre-service teachers to learn about the real world of science, mathematics, and technology, and provides opportunities to creatively transfer this knowledge to the classroom.


2004: measuring the cosmic ray flux at the top of Mt. Diablo.

"Man, I think my work changed my teaching enormously. A lot of high school teachers can't say they had real laboratory experience. I got hands-on work with the latest technology that real scientists are using. When we go into the classroom, we will relate what we did."

- Enrique Lopez, in the Fresno Bee


At a nuclear reactor



The focus of QuarkNet is to involve teachers and students in our experiments:

Teachers: do research with us and bring that

excitement and experience to their classrooms;

Students: analyze web-data in their classrooms.


QuarkNet - Nationwide Impact

  • Centers at 54 universities/labs.
  • 11 different experiments.
  • 500 high schools in 37 states.
  • Impacts on 60,000 students/yr.
instructional materials
Instructional Materials

Contemporary Physics Education Project

  • A national effort founded at LBNL in 1987
  • Physicists and teachers working together.

Created charts and other materials on:

    • Particle Physics
    • Nuclear Science
    • History and Fate of the Universe
    • Plasma Physics / Fusion
contemporary physics education project charts
Contemporary Physics Education Project Charts
  • Hundreds of thousands distributed
  • Many translated into foreign languages
cpep charts
CPEP Charts

So prevalent that they appear in Hollywood movies


The History and Fate of the Universe

Chart was enclosed in the February 04 issue of The Physics Teacher magazine. The AAPT magazine went to 11,000 teachers. Extensively used by DOE Office of Science Director Ray Orbach.


Led production of

  • Movie about ATLAS
  • Animation about ATLAS


web based interactive resources
Web-based Interactive Resources
  • ABCs of Nuclear Science
  • Particle Adventure
  • Universe Adventure

The APS calls it a “favorite site.” DOE recommends it too.

5 million hits/year; 14 languages

Under construction

supporting homeland security
Supporting Homeland Security

A radiation course (Basics of Radiation)

for City of Berkeley Fire Department

was jointly developed and taught

byEH&S, LSD and NSD scientists

world year of physics outreach
World Year of Physics Outreach

APS Division of Nuclear Physics – WYP Physics Fun Day

Queen Ka’ahumanu Center, Maui, HI

more modest efforts k 12
More Modest efforts: K-12
  • Classroom visits – we have hands-on activities and hand-outs you can take with you
  • Workshops for teachers – local opportunities and associated with conferences
  • School career days
  • Work with after-school science clubs/programs (some targeted towards girls and minorities)
  • Mentor a high school student
undergraduate level
Undergraduate Level
  • Undergraduate research experiences
    • Mentor a student
    • Outreach to minority-serving institutions
    • Faculty-student teams
  • Tours and talks to students
    • UCB has a SPS chapter and a club for women students in the physical sciences
    • Berkeley Edge conference and tours
    • Career Fairs at UCB and at Black and Hispanic Physics Society meetings
  • Report from the Aspen Center for Physics Education and Outreach Workshop, June 28 – July 11, 2004 (www-ed.fnal.gov/aspen) – Affecting the state of Physics Education: Vision for Communicating Physics in the 21st century
  • Nuclear Science Advisory Committee Education Subpanel (www.sc.doe.gov/np/nsac/docs/NSAC_CR_education_report_final.pdf) – Education in Nuclear Science: A Status Report and Recommendations for the beginning of the 21st century

Goodwill Ambassadors

The teachers, students, parents, and public we impact are a corps of goodwill ambassadors for LBNL and science in general.