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Tobacco Overview. -Cigarettes -Cigars -Chew tobacco. Tobacco. There are approximately 4,000 chemicals in a single cigarette. There are approximately 10,000 chemicals in a single cigar. So, which one is worse?. Cigarettes!. At least 56 of these chemicals are known to be carcinogenic .

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tobacco overview

Tobacco Overview

-Cigarettes

-Cigars

-Chew tobacco

tobacco
Tobacco

There are approximately 4,000 chemicals in a single cigarette

There are approximately 10,000 chemicals in a single cigar

So, which one is worse?

Cigarettes!

At least 56 of these chemicals are known to be carcinogenic.

Carcinogens – chemicals that are known to cause cancer.

tobacco1
Tobacco

Where did these carcinogens come from?

Pesticides – bug spray

What is second hand smoke?

Second hand smoke has:

2 x the nicotine

5 x the carbon monoxide

98 x the ammonia

3 x the benzopyrene as mainstream smoke.

Environmental tobacco smoke kills 53,000 people annually or 124 people each day – remember, these are non-smokers.

tobacco2
Tobacco

What is the addictive ingredient?

Nicotine in plants acts as a natural anti-herbivore chemical that discourages insects from eating the plant. Nicotine is pale yellow in color and is oily in consistency. Upon contact with air nicotine turns brown and is extremely poisonous in high concentrations. Nicotine acts as a stimulant when ingested by mammals and this is the reason why many people have a dependence on it.

Nicotine – currently the most addictive substance that humans are aware of.

An injection of one drop (70mg) will kill an average size man within a few minutes.

tobacco3
Tobacco

Each marijuana joint equals 4 – 7 cigarettes.

=

12% of people get addicted on first time use.

98% of smokers will be lifetime users. About 2% will ever be able to quit for good.

tobacco4
Tobacco

Name the 4 most common gate-way drugs: drugs that lead to other poor choices.

Marijuana

Alcohol

Tobacco

Inhalants

tobacco conditions
Tobacco - conditions

Arteriosclerosis: a hardening of the arteries. It is also a major cause of heart attack and stroke. Four main things that lead to arteriosclerosis:

Alcohol

Tobacco

Fatty foods, poor nutrition

Lack of exercise

tobacco conditions1
Tobacco - conditions

Heart Attack: caused when the heart is damaged by a sudden lack of blood flow to the heart muscle.

Stroke: lack of blood flow to the brain, due to a blockage in a blood vessel or the bursting of a blood vessel.

tobacco conditions2
Tobacco - conditions

emphysema:

When you breathe, air is drawn in through the bronchial passages and down into the increasingly fine network of tubing in the lungs called the alveoli, which are many thousands of tiny sacs surrounded by capillaries. These absorb the oxygen and transfer it into the blood. When toxins such as smoke are breathed into the lungs, the particles are trapped by the hairs and cannot be exhaled. Instead, they remain in the lungs, clogging up the oxygen exchange mechanism and severely restricting the airflow. This damage causes the symptoms of emphysema.

Emphysema is an irreversible degenerative condition. It is treated by supporting the breathing with bronchodilators and steroid medication, and supplemental oxygen is often required.

tobacco conditions3
Tobacco - conditions

Circulatory Issues:

Smoking causes blood vessels to become narrow, reducing blood flow to the various organs and parts of the body.

tobacco conditions4
Tobacco - conditions

Ulcer:

An ulcer is a sore or hole in the stomach. Nicotine in cigarette smoke causes extra stomach acid to form. This extra acid can lead to an ulcer. Smoking can prevent this from healing.

tobacco other conditions
Tobacco – other conditions

Gingivitis

Osteoporosis

Halitosis: extremely bad breath

Headaches

Allergies

tobacco cancers
Tobacco – CANCERS

Lung: 85% of all lung cancers are caused by smoking.

tobacco cancers1
Tobacco – CANCERS

Esophageal: throat.

Connects your mouth to your stomach.

tobacco cancers2
Tobacco – CANCERS

Oral: cancers of the mouth, tongue, cheek and lips

Leukoplakia: early stage oral cancer.

tobacco cancers3
Tobacco – CANCERS

Laryngeal: voice box

tobacco cancers4
Tobacco – CANCERS

Bladder

Kidney

slide21

Your body (immune system) has 3 major lines of defense:

1. SKIN: as long as your skin is intact, your risk of infection is relatively non-existent.

2. MUCUS MEMBRANES: this is why your eyes water, nose runs, etc., when you get sick. It’s your body’s way of trying to keep your system free of germs.

Ciliais part of the 2nd line of defense. These tiny, hair-like fibers are constantly sweeping debris up and out of your system.

3. FEVER: when something gets past your skin and mucus membranes you run a fever.

slide22

Your body (immune system) has 3 major lines of defense:

Ciliais part of the 2nd line of defense. These tiny, hair-like fibers are constantly sweeping debris up and out of your system.

slide23

Your body (immune system) has 3 major lines of defense:

TAR causes significant problems for cilia. It temporarily paralyzes it.

slide24

Your body (immune system) has 3 major lines of defense:

Because the cilia can no longer function effectively, mucus that would normally be expelled is now pooling in the lungs.

slide25

Someone who smokes a pack-a-day for a year, has generated 4 cups of TAR.

1/3 of that stays in the tobacco filter

1/3 goes into the lungs of the smoker

1/3 goes into the air as second hand smoke

Someone who smokes a pack-a-day for a year, has to clear about 2 cups of mucus out of their lungs every morning.

slide26

How many cigarettes have YOU smoked today?

If you are in this location….

You’ve smoked this many cigarettes….

For this long…

Smoky Bar

2 hours

Office

8 hours

Smoker’s home (pack-a-day)

24 hours

Car

Windows cracked

1 hour

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