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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context. Kingdom of God as Future. Organization of Jesus’ Teaching on the Kingdom of God. The Kingdom of God in the Synoptic Gospels in a Non-Rejection Context . The Kingdom of God as Present. The Kingdom of God as Future.

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organization of jesus teaching on the kingdom of god
Organization of Jesus’ Teaching on the Kingdom of God

The Kingdom of God in the Synoptic Gospels in a Non-Rejection Context

The Kingdom of God as Present

The Kingdom of God as Future

The Kingdom of God in the Synoptic Gospels in a Rejection Context

the kingdom of god in a non rejection context1
The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Praying for the Coming of the Kingdom (Luke 11:1-2 = Matt 6:9-10)

Luke 11:2: And he said to them, “When you pray, say: Father may your name be made holy. May your Kingdom come’.”

slide6

Question

What does Jesus say that the disciples are to pray for?

the kingdom of god in a non rejection context2
The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Eschatological Restoration of Israel

Twelve Disciples

Symbolic Nature of the Twelve (Mark 3:16-19)

Simon PeterJames son of ZebedeeJohn brother of JamesAndrewPhilipBartholomew

MatthewThomasJames son of AlphaeusThaddeus (Jude of James)Simon the Cananean (Zealot)Judas Iscariot

the kingdom of god in a non rejection context3
The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Eschatological Restoration of Israel

Twelve Disciples

Twelves Thrones (Matt 19:28)

Matt 19:28: Jesus said to them, "I tell you the truth, at the renewal of all things (paliggenesia) when the son of man sits on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

What does Jesus say about “the renewal of all things”?

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Eschatological Restoration of Israel

From East and West 

Matt 8:11: I say to you that many will come from east and west, and recline at the table with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the Kingdom of heaven.

Luke 13:28: In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you will see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the Kingdom of God.

How does Jesus use the banquet metaphor? Who will be in the Kingdom of God?

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Question

What does Jesus say about the future hope of the nation?

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Eschatological Reversal

Eschatological Blessedness Conditional on Present Suffering

Luke 6:20: Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.

Matt 5:3: Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven. 

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Eschatological Reversal

Eschatological Blessedness Conditional on Moral Rectitude

Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness for they will be filled (Matt 5:6).

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Eschatological Reversal

Eschatological Blessedness Conditional on Identification with Jesus

Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me. Rejoice and be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you (Matt 5:11-12).

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Eschatological Reversal

Eschatological Blessedness Conditional on Identification with Jesus

Mark 10:28 Peter began to say to him, “Behold, we have left everything and followed you.” 29 Jesus said, “Truly I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or farms, for my sake and for the sake of the good news, 30 but that he will receive a hundred times as much now in this age, houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and farms, along with persecutions; and in the age to come, eternal life. 31 But many who are first will be last, and the last, first.”

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Eschatological Reversal

First as Last and Last as First

Mark 10:28 Peter began to say to him, “Behold, we have left everything and followed you.” 29 Jesus said, “Truly I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or farms, for my sake and for the sake of the good news, 30 but that he will receive a hundred times as much now in this age, houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and farms, along with persecutions; and in the age to come, eternal life. 31 But many who are first will be last, and the last, first.”

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Question

What does Jesus teach will take place at the culmination of the Kingdom of God? 

the kingdom of god in a non rejection context10
The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Resurrection

Mark 12:25 When the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven.  26 Now about the dead rising—have you not read in the book of Moses, in the account of the bush, how God said to him, 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob' [Exod 3:6]?  27 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living.

Luke 20:34 Jesus replied, "The people of this age marry and are given in marriage. 35 But those who are considered worthy of taking part in that age and in the resurrection from the dead will neither marry nor be given in marriage, 36 and they can no longer die; for they are like the angels. They are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.

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Question

What does Jesus say about the resurrection? How does the resurrection relate to the culmination of the Kingdom of God?

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Names Written in Heaven

Luke 10:20: Do not rejoice that the spirits submit to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.

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Question

What does Jesus mean by having one's name written in heaven? 

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Conditions of Entrance into Kingdom of God

Responding Positively to Jesus

Confession of Jesus

And I say to you, everyone who confesses me before men, the son of man will confess him also before the angels of God, but he who denies me before men will be denied before the angels of God" (Luke 12:8-9 = Matt 10:32-33)

What does Jesus say about who will be “confessed” before the angels of God?

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Conditions of Entrance into Kingdom of God

Responding Positively to Jesus

Parable of Two Foundations

Luke 6:47-49: Everyone who comes to me and hears my words and acts on them, I will show you whom he is like: 48 he is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid a foundation on the rock; and when a flood occurred, the torrent burst against that house and could not shake it, because it had been well built. 49 But the one who has heard and has not acted accordingly, is like a man who built a house on the ground without any foundation; and the torrent burst against it and immediately it collapsed, and the ruin of that house was great.

What is the simile that Jesus uses to describe future entrance into the Kingdom of God?

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Conditions of Entrance into Kingdom of God

Obedience to the Law

Only Those Who Do the Will of the Father

Matt 7:21: Not everyone who says to me, “Lord, Lord,” will enter the Kingdom of Heaven, but he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven will enter. 22 Many will say to me on that day, “Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and in your name cast out demons, and in your name perform many miracles?” 23 And then I will declare to them, “I never knew you; depart from me you who work lawlessness.”

What is the condition of future entrance into the Kingdom of Heaven?

slide24

The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Conditions of Entrance into Kingdom of God

Obedience to the Law

Righteousness Exceeding That of the Pharisees

Matt 5:20: Unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees you will not enter the Kingdom of Heaven.

What does Jesus identify as the condition of entrance into the Kingdom of Heaven?

slide25

The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Conditions of Entrance into Kingdom of God

Obedience to the Law

Entering the Kingdom Maimed

Mark 9:43: If your hand causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life maimed than with two hands to go into hell, where the fire never goes out. 45 And if your foot causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life crippled than to have two feet and be thrown into Gehenna. 47 And if your eye causes you to sin, pluck it out. It is better for you to enter the Kingdom of God with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into Gehenna, 48 where “their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched.”

What is the metaphor that Jesus uses to explain the condition of future entrance into (eternal) life?

slide26

The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Conditions of Entrance into Kingdom of God

Obedience to the Law

Inheriting Eternal Life

Luke 10:25 On one occasion an expert in the law stood up to test Jesus. "Teacher," he asked, "what must I do to inherit eternal life?"  26 "What is written in the Law?" he replied. "How do you read it?" 27 He answered: " 'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’; and, 'Love your neighbor as yourself.’" 28 "You have answered correctly," Jesus replied. "Do this and you will live."

What does Jesus identify as the condition of inheriting eternal life?

slide27

The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Conditions of Entrance into Kingdom of God

Obedience to the Law

Difficult for the Rich to Enter the Kingdom of God

Mark 10:25: It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God.

Why does Jesus say that it will be difficult for the rich to enter the Kingdom of God?

slide28

Question

What are the two conditions that Jesus sets for entrance into the Kingdom of God at its future culmination?

organization of jesus teaching on the kingdom of god1
Organization of Jesus’ Teaching on the Kingdom of God

The Kingdom of God in the Synoptic Gospels in a Non-Rejection Context

The Kingdom of God as Present

The Kingdom of God as Future

The Kingdom of God in the Synoptic Gospels in a Rejection Context

slide31

The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Final Judgment

Whom to Fear

Matt 10:28: Do not fear those who kill the body but are unable to kill the soul; but rather fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna.

Luke 12:4 I say to you, my friends, do not be afraid of those who kill the body and after that have no more that they can do. 5 But I will warn you whom to fear: fear the one who, after he has killed, has authority to cast into Gehenna; yes, I tell you, fear him.

What is Jesus’ warning in these similar sayings?

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Final Judgment

Revealing of All Things

For nothing is hidden, except to be revealed; nor has anything been secret, but that it would come to light.

What is the “revealing” in the future?

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Final Judgment

Warning to Repent

Luke 13:1 Now on the same occasion there were some present who reported to him about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mixed with their sacrifices. 2 And Jesus said to them, "Do you suppose that these Galileans were greater sinners than all other Galileans because they suffered this fate? 3 I tell you, no, but unless you repent, you will all likewise perish. 4 Or do you suppose that those eighteen on whom the tower in Siloam fell and killed them were worse culprits than all the men who live in Jerusalem? 5 I tell you, no, but unless you repent, you will all likewise perish."

Which recent events does Jesus use as a warning?

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Final Judgment

Woes on Galilean Towns

Luke 10:13: Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the miracles had been performed in Tyre and Sidon which occurred in you, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. 14 But it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the judgment than for you. 15 And you, Capernaum, will not be lifted up to the heavens, will you? You will go down to Hades.

Why does Jesus pronounce woes on Galilean towns?

slide35

The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Final Judgment

Parable of the Sower

Mark 4:1 Again Jesus began to teach by the lake. The crowd that gathered around him was so large that he got into a boat and sat in it out on the lake, while all the people were along the shore at the water's edge. 2 He taught them many things by parables, and in his teaching said:  3 "Listen! A farmer went out to sow his seed.  4 As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up.  5 Some fell on rocky places, where it did not have much soil. It sprang up quickly, because the soil was shallow.  6 But when the sun came up, the plants were scorched, and they withered because they had no root.  7 Other seed fell among thorns, which grew up and choked the plants, so that they did not bear grain.  8 Still other seed fell on good soil. It came up, grew and produced a crop, multiplying thirty, sixty, or even a hundred times."  9 Then Jesus said, "He who has ears to hear, let him hear."

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Final Judgment

Parable of the Sower (Interpretation)

Mark 4:13 Then Jesus said to them, "Don't you understand this parable? How then will you understand any parable?  14 The farmer sows the word.  15 Some people are like seed along the path, where the word is sown. As soon as they hear it, Satan comes and takes away the word that was sown in them. 16 Others, like seed sown on rocky places, hear the word and at once receive it with joy. 17 But since they have no root, they last only a short time. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, they quickly fall away.  18 Still others, like seed sown among thorns, hear the word;  19 but the worries of this life, the deceitfulness of wealth and the desires for other things come in and choke the word, making it unfruitful.  20 Others, like seed sown on good soil, hear the word, accept it, and produce a crop—thirty, sixty or even a hundred times what was sown." 

What is the point that Jesus makes in this parable?

slide37

Question

What is the basis of final judgment and how does it relate to the culmination of the Kingdom of God?

slide38

The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Separation Only at the End

Parable of the Wheat and the Weeds

Matt 13:24 Jesus presented another parable to them, saying, "The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field.  25 "But while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. 26 But when the wheat sprouted and bore grain, then the weeds became evident also. 27 The slaves of the landowner came and said to him, 'Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have weeds?' 28 And he said to them, 'An enemy has done this!' The slaves said to him, 'Do you want us, then, to go and gather them up?' 29 But he said, 'No; for while you are gathering up the weeds, you may uproot the wheat with them. 30 'Allow both to grow together until the harvest; and in the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, "First gather up the weeds and bind them in bundles to burn them up; but gather the wheat into my barn."

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Separation Only at the End

Parable of the Wheat and the Weeds (Interpretation)

Matt 13: 36 Then He left the crowds and went into the house And His disciples came to Him and said, "Explain to us the parable of the weeds of the field."  37 And He said, "The one who sows the good seed is the son of man, 38 and the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the weeds are the sons of the evil one; 39 and the enemy who sowed them is the devil, and the harvest is the end of the age; and the reapers are angels. 40 So just as the weeds are gathered up and burned with fire, so shall it be at the end of the age. 41 The son of man will send forth his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom all stumbling blocks, and those who commit lawlessness, 42 and will throw them into the furnace of fire; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father.”  

What is the meaning of the parable of the wheat and the weeds?

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Separation Only at the End

Parable of the Net

Matt 13:47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a dragnet cast into the sea, and gathering fish of every kind;  48 and when it was filled, they drew it up on the beach; and they sat down and gathered the good fish into containers, but the bad they threw away. 49 So it will be at the end of the age; the angels will come forth and take out the wicked from among the righteous, 50 and will throw them into the furnace of fire; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.  

What is the meaning of the parable of the net?

slide41

Question

Until the culmination of the Kingdom of God what will be the situation of the unrighteous in Israel?

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Shortness of the Interval

Mark 9:1: Amen, I say to you that some who are standing here will not taste death before they see the Kingdom of God come with power.

Matt 10:23: But whenever they persecute you in one city, flee to the next; for truly I say to you, you will not finish going through the cities of Israel until the son of man comes.

Dan 7:13: "And behold, with the clouds of heaven one like a son of man was coming"

slide43

Question

According to Jesus when will the culmination of the Kingdom of God occur?

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The Kingdom of God in a Non-Rejection Context

Kingdom of God as Future

Jesus and Gentiles

And many people will come and say, "Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Yahweh, to the house of the God of Jacob, that he may teach us concerning his ways and that we may walk in his paths." (Isa 2:2-3)

Then all the Gentiles will turn to fear the Lord God in truth, and will bury their idols. All the Gentiles will praise the Lord, and his people will give thanks to God, and the Lord will exalt his people. (Tobit 14:6-7)

slide45

Question

In a non-rejection context, what might have Jesus' view of gentiles in relation to the Kingdom of God have been?