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Introduction. The Rule of Law. English Roots of American Justice System. Key elements of the medieval tithing system. Definition:. tithing. Grouping together of 10 families. Requirements of Tithing. Obey the law.

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Introduction


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Introduction The Rule of Law

    2. English Roots of American Justice System

    3. Key elements of the medieval tithing system

    4. Definition: tithing Grouping together of 10 families

    5. Requirements of Tithing Obey the law

    6. Requirements of Tithing Keep peace in their area

    7. Requirements of Tithing Bring law violators to justice

    8. Ten tithings formed a Hundred

    9. Several hundreds made a Shire (Size of a county)

    10. Shire was directed by a “Shire Reeve” or Sheriff

    11. History and Structure of American Law

    12. American law enforcement agencies have limited authority

    13. Authority and Jurisdiction are determined by law

    14. Authority and jurisdiction are determined at the federal, state & local levels….

    15. Jurisdiction A politically defined geographic area

    16. Jurisdiction The right or authority of a justice agency to act in regard to a particular subject matter, territory or persons

    17. Jurisdiction The right or authority of a justice agency to act in regard to a particular subject matter, territory or persons

    18. Jurisdiction Metro City • Defines laws an agency is permitted to enforce • Defines duties it is allowed to perform

    19. Federal Agencies

    20. Immigration and Naturalization Service - INS

    21. Drug Enforcement-DEA

    22. U.S. Marshal’s Service

    23. United States Secret Service

    24. Internal Revenue Service

    25. U.S. Customs Service

    26. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms

    27. United States Postal Service

    28. Top 4 Federal Agencies IRS FBI INS US Customs

    29. Substantive vs. Procedural Law

    30. Substantive Law Defines criminal offenses and their penalties JAIL

    31. Substantive Law Burglary Defines criminal offenses and their penalties JAIL

    32. Procedural Law Explains how substantive laws are to be administered (due process)

    33. The Administration of Justice

    34. Dual Court System of the United States

    35. United States Supreme Court • Circuit Courts of Appeals • District Courts

    36. 7-2:The Federal Court Structure

    37. 7-3:The Thirteen United States Circuits

    38. State Court System State Systems vary by State

    39. State Court System California • Supreme • Court of Appeal • Superior

    40. United States Supreme Court The Court of Last Resort

    41. United States Supreme Court • Rule of Four • Writ of Certiorari • Writ of Habeas Corpus

    42. Dual Court System of the United States U.S Supreme Court Courts of Last Resort Intermediate Courts of Appeal U.S. Courts of Appeal Trial Courts of General Jurisdiction Federal Court System State Court System U.S. District Courts

    43. Ted Rubin’s 10 Purposes of Courts 1. To “Do Justice” 2. To “ Appear to do Justice”

    44. Ted Rubin’s 10 Purposes of Courts 3. To provide a forum to resolve disputes 4. To censure wrongdoing

    45. Ted Rubin’s 10 Purposes of Courts 5. Incapacitate convicted criminals 6. Punish criminal offenders

    46. Ted Rubin’s 10 Purposes of Courts 7. Rehabilitate criminal offenders 8. General deterrence of public by punishing criminal offenders

    47. Ted Rubin’s 10 Purposes of Courts 9. Determine legal status 10. Protect citizens against arbitrary government action

    48. Key Actors in the Court Process Defense Attorney Judge Prosecutor

    49. Powers of the Prosecutor • Conduct final screening of case • Decide to charge person with crime