Constructing a circular mound arrangement
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CONSTRUCTING A CIRCULAR MOUND ARRANGEMENT. Written by: Holli Bowman & David Lynn Hall County Board of Education April 2003 Modified by Georgia Agriculture Education Curriculum Office September 2005.

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Constructing a circular mound arrangement l.jpg


Written by:

Holli Bowman & David Lynn

Hall County Board of Education

April 2003

Modified by Georgia Agriculture Education Curriculum Office

September 2005

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This presentation is designed to supplement the textbook, Floriculture: Designing Merchandising, Unit 10 “Circular Arrangements”. The author is Charles Griner and it is published by Delmar Publishers.

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Step 1: Selecting Materials

  • low, round container (6’ design bowl)

  • 1/3 block of floral foam

  • waterproof anchor tape

  • 9 standard carnations

  • 3 stems pompon (daisy) mums

  • 3 stems baby’s breath

  • 8 stems leatherleaf fern

  • floral preservative

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Step 2: Preparing the Container

  • Cut approximately 1/3 block of floral foam.

  • The floral foam should extend about one inch above the rim of the container.

  • Saturate the floral foam in a warm preservative solution.

  • Secure the floral foam to the container with waterproof anchor tape.

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Step 2: Continued

  • Criss-cross the tape over the foam and attach the ends to the container.

  • Tape it off center to leave room for a flower stem in the middle of the foam.

  • Do not attach more than one inch of tape to the container.

  • Long strips of tape will be difficult to hide.

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Step 3: Greening the Base

  • Place a circle of leatherleaf fern around the rim of the container.

  • Allow the fern to overlap the side of the container.

  • Save the remaining part of the fern stem for later use.

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Step 4:Adding the Base Flowers

  • Place four standard carnations straight into the foam, opposite each other at the rim of the container.

  • These four carnations should form a square pattern.

  • The base of the carnation blooms should extend just past the fern tips.

  • These carnations should be equidistant from the center of the arrangement.

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Step 5: Establishing the Height

  • Place the carnation, with the straightest stem, in the center of the floral foam at a height of 1 ½ to 2 times the width of the container.

  • This flower will establish the uppermost boundary of the floral design.

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Step 6: Placing Additional Greenery

  • Place one piece of fern on each side of the center flower stem with the back of the fern facing the stem.

  • Use the remaining fern stems to green the foam.

  • Leave pairs of leaflets on the stems to reduce the number of holes in the foam.

  • Remember that the stems should radiate from the foam.

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Step 7: Adding Remaining Primary Flowers

  • Insert four additional carnations at 45o angles halfway between the two base carnations and center carnation.

  • Vary the height of these carnations slightly to prevent creating a row effect.

  • These flowers should be equidistant from the center of the arrangement.

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Step 8: Adding Secondary Flowers

  • Place the pompon (daisy) mums in the spaces between the carnations.

  • Use large blooms in large spaces and small blooms or buds in small spaces.

  • Do not crowd the arrangement (no petals touching).

  • Leave some space around each flower.

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Step 9: Adding Filler Flowers

  • Filler flowers such as baby’s breath or statice are added to soften the design.

  • Cut small pieces of baby’s breath and carefully place them between flowers in the arrangement.

  • Allow the filler flowers to stick out slightly around the flowers and foliage.

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Step 10: Evaluating the Design

  • Step back and examine the arrangement from all angles.

  • Check for holes and add greenery or flowers where they are needed.

  • Move flowers, if necessary, to create equal space between flowers.

  • If you move a flower, insert it into a new hole.