REPUBLIC OF TURKEY. & İstanbul. MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATURK (1881-1938). ATATURK FOUNDED THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY IN 1923. He made many reforms and tried Turkey to integrate the Europe and world . He reconstructed all the educational , juridical and political base of Turkey .
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ATATURK FOUNDED THE
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY IN 1923
juridicalandpoliticalbase of Turkey.
Islam is the dominant religion of Turkey
There are about 120,000 Christians, including an estimated 80,000 Oriental Orthodox,35,000 Roman Catholics, 5,000 Greek Orthodoxand smaller numbers of Protestants, andabout 26,000 people who are Jewish
THE SEA OF MARMARA
TURKEY ABOLISHED POLYGAMY IN 1926
TURKEY DOES NOT HAVE CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
Istanbul is thelargestcity in Turkeyconstitutingthecountry'seconomic, cultural, andhistoricalheart. With a population of 13.5 million, thecity is amongthelargestcities in theworld.
Itscommercialandhistoricalcenterlies in Europe, while a third of itspopulationlives in Asia.
Founded in around 660 BC as Byzantium, thecitynowknown as Istanbuldevelopedtobecomeone of themostsignificantcities in history. Fornearlysixteencenturiesfollowingitsreestablishment as Constantinople in 330 AD, it served as thecapital of fourempires: the Roman Empire, theByzantineEmpire, the Latin Empire, andtheOttomanEmpire.
Seven millionforeignvisitorsarrived in Istanbul in 2010, when it wasnamed a EuropeanCapital of Culture, makingthecitytheworld'stenth-most-popular touristdestination.
Istanbul has twointernationalairports, thelarger of which is Atatürk International. Atatürk, located 24 kilometerswest of thecitycenter, is theeighth-busiestairport in Europe.
TheBosphorusBridge, alsocalledtheFirstBosphorusBridge is one of thetwobridges in Istanbul, connectingEuropeandAsia. Itwasopened in 1973 tocelebratethe 50th anniversary of theRepublic.
Thepicturesquescenery of woodedhills, charmingbeachesandauthenticOttomanmansions, combinedwiththetranquilatmosphere, makefor a pleasantcontrasttothecityitself.
Büyük Ada, or “Big Island” is themost popular withvisitors. No carsareallowed but you can take a trip in a horseandcarriagetovisittheMonastery of St. George.
DolmabahcePalacewasbuilt as a secondresidencetothe Sultan Abdulmecidmid 19th century. Thepalacecommands a nice viewright on theBosphorusanditsgardensareverypretty, especially in springand
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
died in thispalace on
November 10, 1938.