biosynthesizing evolution for the enhance production of carotenoids in yeast n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
BIOSYNTHESIZING EVOLUTION FOR THE ENHANCE PRODUCTION OF CAROTENOIDS IN YEAST PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
BIOSYNTHESIZING EVOLUTION FOR THE ENHANCE PRODUCTION OF CAROTENOIDS IN YEAST

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

BIOSYNTHESIZING EVOLUTION FOR THE ENHANCE PRODUCTION OF CAROTENOIDS IN YEAST - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 114 Views
  • Uploaded on

BIOSYNTHESIZING EVOLUTION FOR THE ENHANCE PRODUCTION OF CAROTENOIDS IN YEAST. Saniyyah Thomas Gilliam Collegiate Academy Dallas ISD Dr. Katy Kao and Group Assistant Professor Department of Chemical Engineering Texas A&M University. SUMMER RESEARCH OVERVIEW.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'BIOSYNTHESIZING EVOLUTION FOR THE ENHANCE PRODUCTION OF CAROTENOIDS IN YEAST' - thane-mccullough


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
biosynthesizing evolution for the enhance production of carotenoids in yeast

BIOSYNTHESIZING EVOLUTION FOR THE ENHANCE PRODUCTION OF CAROTENOIDS IN YEAST

Saniyyah Thomas

Gilliam Collegiate Academy

Dallas ISD

Dr. Katy Kao and Group

Assistant Professor

Department of Chemical Engineering

Texas A&M University

slide2

SUMMER RESEARCH OVERVIEW

1ST STEP: Engineer a generation of fluorescent yeast strains using a plasmid carrying these genes

2nd STEP: Engineer a generation of carotenoid producing fluorescent yeast strains again using a plasmid carrying these genes

3rd STEP: Remove ctt1 genes by replacing it with an antifungal resistant gene again by using a plasmid; This is done to remove a potential competitive response to enhanced production of carotenoids once the selective pressure of adding H2O2 is introduced

slide3

Miniprep of plasmid DNA

  • Multiple Chemical reactions take place in this process
  • Three Solutions are prepared
  • Solution II: NaOH(this akali condition allows for maximum release of plasmid DNA without release of chromosomal DNA, & without irreversibly denaturing plasmid DNA)
  • Stop lysis reaction by neutralize
  • Solution III: acetic acid w/ concentrated HCl(neutralize, forms a salt which precipitates out denatured chromosomal DNA, protein, and SDS, and allows the smaller plasmid DNA to renature and stay in solution)
slide4

(C.10) Science concepts. The student understands and can apply the factors that influence the behavior of solutions. The student is expected to

(G) define acids and bases and distinguish between Arrhenius and Bronsted-Lowry definitions and predict products in acid-base reactions that form water; Supporting Standard

(H) understand and differentiate among acid-base reactions, precipitation reactions, and oxidation-reduction reactions; Readiness Standard

(I) define pH and use the hydrogen or hydroxide ion concentrations to calculate the pH of a solution; and Supporting Standard

(J) distinguish between degrees of dissociation for strong and weak acids and bases. Supporting Standard

slide5

NEUTRALIZING THE PROBLEM

  • Conceptual Design of the Project
  • Millions of people around the world suffer from conditions known as acid reflux and acid indigestion.
  • In this design challenge, students will take the engineering design process and apply it to their knowledge of acid and bases to come up with a short term as well as long term plan to help a sufferer.
  • For their short term solution, students will ultimately conduct research; design a method and protocols that will prove which brands of antacids that are currently on the market are the most effective.
  • Students will then establish a long term, sensible, and cost effective diet for a sufferer.
  • They will have to research various foods and drinks and their pH, design methods and protocols, and then by analyzing their results, they will then come up with a diet they can follow for a month. A “Foods to Avoid” list will be created as well.
  • Students will have to work thru the engineering design process and established at least four different methods of testing the pH of various antacids, foods, and drinks.
  • Materials we use in our daily life will be identified as acidic, basic, or neutral. Students will work in groups to perform simple experiments, make observation and prediction, thus enhancing their manipulative, decision making, and problem-solving skills.
day 1
DAY 1
  • Project Blueprint

Courtesy of Project Lead The Way

day 2

LITMUS PAPER

DAY 2

INDICATOR STRIPS

Day 2

The mini prep portion of my summer lab research project will be highlighted, specifically the acid/base chemical reaction process that takes place.

This will lead into the discussion about acids and bases.

Definitions and vocabulary will be discussed, various methods of testing pH will be demonstrated, and real world examples.

Students will do a white board activity identifying acid and bases, predicted products in aqueous solutions.

Daily assessment will be given.

PHENOLPHTHALEIN

VERNIER pH PROBES

pH METER

day 3
DAY 3

Day 3

Students will begin and complete the Acid and Base Lab. Due at the end of the class (if on a Friday, it will be due that following week).

day 4
DAY 4

Day 4

Scenario:

One day, Kisha ate a big hamburger, French fries, and sprite for dinner and went to bed 15 minutes later. She woke up later that night with an upset stomach. She knew what it was because this happens quite often. She took some antacid that night. It took a while but eventually the pain subsided and she fell asleep again. The next morning, Kisha went to the doctor. He told her that for a long term cure she would have to change her diet but for immediate help she would need to find the best antacid on the market that can subdue her pain quickly. Why did Kisha get a stomach ache? Can you describe what happened to Kisha? Why did she take an Antacid?

Students will be grouped and presented with the project where they will spend this day on the first three steps of the engineering design process. Step 1: Define the problem; Step 2: Brainstorm; and Step 3: Research and generate ideas

day 5
DAY 5

Day 5

This day will be spent working on the design process steps 4-7. Students will complete Step 4: Identify criteria and constraints; Step 5: Explore possibilities; Step 6: Select an approach; and Step 7: Develop a design proposal

day 6
DAY 6

Day 6

Students will next complete design process steps 8-11. Students will Step 8: Model or prototype; Step 9: Test and evaluate; Step 10: Refine; and Step 11: Create or make

day 7 8 9
DAY 7, 8, 9

SHORT-TERM

ANTACID RESULTS

Step 12: Communicating results

On the due date, each group must give a 15 minute presentation on their project.

They must explain the entire 12-step design process for both their short and long term solutions and based on their results present the best brand of antacids, the month long diet plan, & “AVOID LIST” for Kisha.

Visuals and models will be required

FOODS TO

AVOIDS/ BUY

LONG-TERM SOLUTION

MEAL PLAN

pre post test
PRE/POST-TEST

1. Acid A and acid B are of equal concentration and are tested with a conductivity apparatus.

When the electrodes are placed in acid A, the bulb glows dimly. When they are

placed in acid B, the bulb glows more brightly. Which of the following is true?

A. Acid A is stronger than acid B.

B. Acid B is stronger than acid A.

C. Acid A and acid B are of equal strength.

D. No comparison of strength can be made from the results.

2. The neutralization of a strong acid by a strong base always involves the products

A. water and a salt.

B. an anion and a salt.

C. water and an ion.

D. weak acid and a strong base.

acknowledgements
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

TAMU E³ Program

National Science Foundation

Nuclear Power Institute

Dr. Katy Kao (Mentor)

Luis H. Reyes (Ph.D. student)

Other lab members:

PriscilaAlmario

Mian Huang

YuqiGuo

Jesus

Miguel Ramirez (partner)

slide15

REFERENCES

1. Namitha, K. K. & Negi, P. S. Chemistry and biotechnology of

carotenoids. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 50,

728–760 (2010).

2. Kao, K. Visualizing evolution in real time (VERT) - application in

biocatalyst improvement for carotenoid production 1, 1-3 (2012).

3. http://www.chemguide.co.uk/physical/acidbaseeqia/indicators.html

4. http://forum.grasscity.com/absolute-beginners/163085-soil-ph-testing-methods.html

5. http://grass-roots-science.info/project_isidore

6. http://explow.com/scientific_method