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LAW 13. FREE KICKS. 9 TOPICS. Definition Types of free kicks Free kick “rules” Special “requirements” in penalty area and goal area. 9 TOPICS (continued). “Quick” free kick “Ceremonial” free kick Encroachment Restart mechanics When a free kick is in play vs. when goal can be scored.

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law 13
LAW 13

FREE KICKS

9 topics
9 TOPICS
  • Definition
  • Types of free kicks
  • Free kick “rules”
  • Special “requirements” in penalty area and goal area
9 topics continued
9 TOPICS (continued)
  • “Quick” free kick
  • “Ceremonial” free kick
  • Encroachment
  • Restart mechanics
  • When a free kick is in play vs. when goal can be scored
direct free kick
DIRECT FREE KICK
  • One of the 10 DFK fouls
  • Can score directly against opponent
  • Outside penalty area of offending team

GOAL!

B

A

indirect free kick
INDIRECT FREE KICK
  • One of the 8 IFK offenses
  • Cannot score directly against opponent
  • Must touch another player!

GOAL!

B

A

free kick general rules
FREE KICK “GENERAL RULES”
  • Ball must be stationary
  • Kicked in any direction
  • No “second touch”
  • Opponents at least 10 yards away
  • Restart signal requirements
    • “Quick” restart
    • “Ceremonial” restart
  • Cannot score directly against self
  • Where offense occurred
where does the restart occur
WHERE DOES THE RESTART OCCUR?

Exception #1

If given to a team within its own goal area

Location is anywhere in goal area

where does the restart occur1
WHERE DOES THE RESTART OCCUR?

Exception #2

If given to attackers inside the opponents’ goal area

IFK in opponent’s goal area is moved out to

the nearest point on the goal area line

how far away must opponents be
All opponents must be out of penalty area

Ball must clear penalty area to be in play

HOW FAR AWAY MUST OPPONENTS BE?

Exception #3

If given to a team inside their own penalty area

how far away must opponents be1
HOW FAR AWAY MUST OPPONENTS BE?

Exception #4

Opponents can be closer than 10 yards only if they’re between the goalposts and on the goal line.

quick free kick

Exception:

You need to card a player for misconduct

“QUICK” FREE KICK
  • Kicking team has a right to a quick restart if they wish to use it
    • Opponents must move at least 10 yards away
    • Opponents have no right to form a wall
  • As referee, encourage the “quick” restart
quick free kick1
“QUICK” FREE KICK
  • Do not interfere unless:
    • Kicking team requests enforcement
    • Encroachment is blatant and obvious
    • You are giving a card
    • Injury
  • No violation of the Law if kick taken quickly and ball goes directly to opponent closer than 10 yards
  • Remember to signal if IFK
ceremonial free kick
“CEREMONIAL” FREE KICK
  • As quickly as possible, clearly show everyone that they must wait for whistle
  • Be “first brick” in the wall - 10 yards
  • Bring opponents to you
  • Move to your next position
  • Signal for restart
    • When you are ready
    • As soon as possible

DO NOT

Repeat … DO NOT

Pace off this distance!

encroachment

Failure

to respect

the required

distance is

a cautionable

offense

ENCROACHMENT

10 yards

in all

directions

restart mechanics general

But don’t hold the signal unnecessarily

RESTART MECHANICS -- GENERAL
  • Point direction!
    • Players want/need to know if they are “attacking” or “defending”
  • Indicate IFK if appropriate
    • Players want/need to know if they can score directly from this kick
  • Indicate position of ball
  • Get out of the way and don’t interfere!

Only if necessary – no “two-handed” signals!

ball in play vs goal scored
BALL IN PLAY VS. GOAL SCORED
  • Ball is “in play” when:
    • Kicked and moves and
    • Leaves penalty area (if appropriate)
  • Goal can be scored when:
    • Ball is “in play”
    • Ball is touched by 2nd player on IFK
    • Ball is kicked into opponents’ goal
review
REVIEW
  • Restart method after what type of stoppage?
    • An offense (Law 12, offside, others)
  • How many types of free kick are there?
    • Two -- what are they and what is the major difference between them?
    • DFK, goal can be scored directly
    • IFK, ball must touch another player before a goal can be scored
review1
REVIEW
  • From where is the free kick taken?
    • General – where the offense occurred
    • Exception 1 – if in own goal area, anywhere in goal area
    • Exception 2 – if in opponent’ goal area, on goal area line nearest to offense
  • Can the ball be moving when taken?
    • No, it must be stationary
  • What direction must it be kicked?
    • Any direction is acceptable
review2
REVIEW
  • Can the kicker touch it a second time?
    • No, IFK to opponents
  • How far away must opponents be?
    • General -- 10 yards
    • Exception – if in own penalty area, 10 yards and outside the penalty area
    • Exception – if within 10 yards of goal, closer than 10 yards only if on goal line between goal posts
review3
REVIEW
  • Can the kick be taken before opponents move 10 yards?
    • Yes, but …
  • Who can ask for 10 yards?
    • Kicking team may request, but…
    • Restart is now “ceremonial” and can’t be taken except by your signal
review4
What is the signal for an Indirect Free Kick?

How long should it be held?

Until the ball has touched another player, or

The ball has gone out of play

If a free kick is taken within a team’s own penalty area, when is it in play?

When it leaves the penalty area

REVIEW