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International Diabetes Federation (IDF) East Mediterranean and Middle East Region (EMME) Workshop on Professional Educational Methodology in Diabetes 11-12 August 2008 Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Egypt. Professional Technology Standards in Educational Development by Prof. Morsi Arab. Strategy.
International Diabetes Federation (IDF)East Mediterranean and Middle EastRegion (EMME)Workshop onProfessional Educational Methodology in Diabetes11-12 August 2008Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Egypt
The Lecture ( a presentation to big audience)General Considerations - Advantages and disadvantages . It remains an important source. - Lecturing skills : are inborn , but also acquired by learning and training.
Preparation of the lecture : 1- identify the need of learners for the set objective. 2- identify their background (what they already know). Repetition (as revision) may be useful as enforcement. 3- select the content : never “tell all” (only the useful and appropriate) 4- focus objectives to the outcome: (what they can do, think , believe and know, at the end of the lecture, which they could not do before ).
The LectureBeginning ( Introduction) :- gain attention and interest : e.g. a question , a story ,problem, case presentation, etc.- provide skeleton of the contents to be covered
The LectureThe Body of the presentation:To stimulate active participation: * always open questions to be answered, ( rhetorical questions.) * encourage and allow time to take notes. * Keep capturing attention. (viz.)
The Flow of the lecture:I- To keep capturing attention by : 1- repeat significant points. 2- check perceptionof the main points. 3- have reasonable sense of humor . 4- Face audience and distribute eye contact. 5- keep logical sequence: cause effect, less complex to more complex , chronological problem and solution, etc.
The flow of the lecture ( cont.) 6- change methods. 7- avoid : jargon , stereotyped phrases, unclear expressions , sophisticated words above learner’s level of comprehension; long complicated sentences. 8- avoid : monotony , mannerism. 9- ensure everybody sees and hears well.
The flow of the lecture( cont.)10- Use A.V. aids properly selected e.g.charts, slides (minimal, readable material) ,models, specimens etc.11- Be aware of the time allowed .12- Prepare for the unexpected mishaps (projector lamps , power failure , chart slipping, etc.
The lecture ( the audience ) :Respect and get feed back from the Audience :1- show respect and interest:( punctuality , dress?)2- be concerned with negative responses: ( shuffling feet, yawns , expressions of perplexion, whispering questions, looks of unbelief or disapproval, etc. …Don’t ignore !!3- do not be angered or intimidated by negative responses but react by re-shapingthe presentation.4- get feedback by distributing & collecting handouts (later)
The End of the lecture :1- Draw conclusions ,invite independent conclusions.2- End flows naturally from introduction (e.g. answering questions , solve a problem). 3- Simple summary (pin point important aspects.)4- Tie up loose points, to focus the lecture as a unit ..5- Suggest ways for applicationand benefits.6- suggest ways for continued learning.
The lecture:General final comments : 1- The lecture should still be used. 2- Can be improved. 3- Does it add information? 4- Could it change attitudes (? from one single presentation).
Small Group Education- Size of the group ?- Educate, not teach (active participation).- Stages:………………… - Group dynamics. * positive behaviours…………. * negative behaviours………….
The One-to-One Education1- Listen. 2- Motivate. 3- Individualize (quality) according to * stage of disease. * educational level…etc. 4- Not too much . 5- Reward, more than blame.