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River Gomti. Proposed Expansion. Kukrail Forest. Musabagh Forest. Gomti a casualty by custodians. Existing City. Cantt. Proposed Expansion. a study by Architect Planner Ar.(Dr.) S.M.Akhtar Ph.D., F.I.I.A., A.I.T.P., A.D.I.D., M.P.A., L.L.B ., Vice President Lucknow First.

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slide1

River Gomti

Proposed

Expansion

Kukrail

Forest

Musabagh

Forest

Gomti

a casualty by custodians

Existing City

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide2

a study by

Architect Planner

Ar.(Dr.) S.M.Akhtar

Ph.D., F.I.I.A., A.I.T.P., A.D.I.D., M.P.A., L.L.B.,

Vice President

Lucknow First

slide3

Proposed

Expansion

Kukrail

Forest

River Gomti

Musabagh

Forest

The Life Line of Lucknow

Existing City

Existing City

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide4

River Gomti

Kukrail

Forest

Existing City

Gomti

believed as the

only virgin river

Existing City

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide5

River Gomti

Kukrail

Forest

Existing City

Gomti

you gave us Life

Existing City

We Killed You

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide6

Number of cities have been

victim of

Industrialization

But,

Gomti has been

victim of

Planner’s Blunders

slide7

River Gomti

Proposed

Expansion

Kukrail

Forest

Musabagh

Forest

Existing City

Existing City

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide8

Right from the time

Aishbagh Waterworks

was commissioned

(about 125years ago)

Water for Supply to City

is lifted from Gomti at

Gaughat

slide9

After a gap of 100 years

Second Waterworks

at Balaganj got commissioned,

the Water Source

for this new waterworks

again remained Gaughat

slide10

River Gomti

Proposed

Expansion

Kukrail

Forest

Gaughat

Balaganj

Waterworks

Existing City

Aishbagh

Water works

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide11

While the Balaganj waterworks

was being constructed,

a study was taken up by using remote sensing technique, and it was found that the course of Gomti river is stable at Balaganj and there water quality too is good,

so it was recommended to lift the water for new waterworks from Balalganj.

slide12

But, at that time it was preferred

to lift the water for the second

Waterworks too from the Gaughat where the Nagaria Nala is

inter-mingling with the Suction Canal of the Gaughat Pumping station.

slide13

Sense failed to prevail.

Highly Contaminated water supply

for citizen from second waterworks

too got ensured.

Though the pumping of water

from Gaughat to

Balaganj Waterworks

is to be done against the natural

gradient.

slide14

To add more sewage inputs at

Gaughat,

cattle from city too have

been shifted there.

Now the suction canal of Gaughat,

the only pumping station for the city

gets direct sewage discharge from

Nalas specially Nagaria Nala

as well from cattle discharge

from Cattle Colony too.

slide15

About three fourth of a century ago,

A Waterwarewas built

across the river at Paper Mill

forweekly flushing of the River.

So that Mosquitoes may not breed

over the river bed.

slide16

This Waterware maintained the

water level high during dry seasons,

which was found as an asset for

lifting the Water for Supply.

about a quarter century ago,

during a flood

this Waterweir was found in

danger

due to drifting river course.

slide17

The need to maintain

water level of the river,

prompted the decision to build

a Barrage

slide18

Bhainsakund the

cremation ground

was selected as the

Site for a new

Barrage

slide19

River Gomti

Proposed

Expansion

Kukrail

Forest

Musabagh

Forest

Bhainsakund

CremationGround

Existing City

Existing City

Barrage

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide20

True to its location,

Barrage converted

Gomti the Cherisher of Life

into a Dispenser of Death

slide21

In between

Gaughat and Barrage

there are

10 culverts on cis-Gomti side

and another

12 culverts on trans-Gomti side

Directly discharging in the river

slide22

River Gomti

Proposed

Expansion

Kukrail

Forest

Culverts Discharging

in Gomti

Musabagh

Forest

Existing City

Existing City

Barrage

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide23

It is estimated that

304 mld discharge is generated,

out of this,

200 mld is discharged within the

barrage in the river Gomti

132 mld On the Cis-Gomti side &

68 mld on trans-Gomti side

slide24

Consequently Water

retained by Barrage

for Supply to city

gets

Highly Contaminated

and

unfit for consumption

slide25

River Gomti

Kukrail

Forest

Sewage discharged

by culverts

stagnate in

Gomti

Musabagh

Forest

Existing City

Existing City

Barrage

Cantt

slide26

To further add pollution in

the River the Sludge farm

has been abandoned,

where the sewage was

treated and disposed,

Instead it has been opted

to discharge

untreated Sewage in the River

slide27

This is a very unique situation

where

a whole metro having population

over 25 lakhs

Discharged refused drain

enriched with untreated sewage

is supplied to citizens for their

daily consumption

slide28

The Blessing

Gaziuddin Haider Canal

is a blessing in disguise from

Nawabs,

whereas Kukrail was a

blessing from nature for this

city's renal system.

slide29

Gaziuddin Haider Canal and Kukrail,

both working as major drains,

used to discharge down stream

in the river after Barrage

crossing the whole city.

slide30

River Gomti

Kukrail

Forest

Kukrail

Existing City

Existing City

Barrage

Gaziuddin

Haider Canal

Discharging

after Barrage

Kukrail Discharging

2 km down the Barrage

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide31

Consequently, the Gomti was to cope up only with the 140 mld discharge instead of 304 mld.

And it was desired to carry rest of the Nalas parallel to the river and discharge them after crossing the Barrage.

slide32

But this was not liked by the Planners,

to ensure higher level of contamination in the

water retained by barrage

for supply to city,

they preferred 200 mld

discharge within the Barrage,

instead of 140 mld.

slide33

The Kukrail culverthaving

the catchment area of the

fastest developing

Kursi Road & Faizabad Road

must be contributing

over60 mld,

which is set to multiply at

much faster pace than

share of any other culvert.

slide34

River Gomti

Kukrail

Forest

Kukrail

Catchment Area

of Kukrail

Existing City

Existing City

Barrage

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide35

But, to mutilate this gift of Nature

the Planners have diverted

Kukrail to discharge upstream

about a km ahead of Barrage.

slide36

River Gomti

Kukrail

Forest

Kukrail Diverted to

Discharge ahead of Barrage

Existing City

Existing City

Barrage

Land Grabed by

Diversion

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide37

This diversion is not an act of simple Land Grab

But a

Crime committed against Humanity

having cascading impacts on the

generationsto come.

No Punishment

could be enough

for people responsible for

thisCriminal Act

slide38

Most of the Rivers have been

victim of Industrialization

But, industrialization spared

Gomti

all through

Gomti has been a victim of

Planner's Blunders

slide39

From the time ahead of Construction of

Barrage and Diversion of Kukrail

Sensible People have been pondering

over the idea of carrying all the Culverts

parallel to river and discharge them after

crossing the city.

slide40

But till date this idea remained a mirage,

with feasibility diminishing with every passing day.

Today it seems a utopia.

slide41

From last one decade

people are

pinning their hope on the

Gomti Action Plan.

though lot of people have been

disillusioned due to inaction.

slide42

The Strategy to Treat the sewage

with the help of

Sewage Treatment Plants (STP).

Before discharge in the river

is being pushed with much thrust.

slide43

As there are about 22 culverts discharging 200 mld sewage

in the river within the Barrage.

It is being planned to do grouping

of culverts, to reduced the number

of ETP from 22 to about six or so.

slide44

Under the plan number of STP

will be located within the city.

These location will mostly

be along theriver banks,

at times in thehigh density Residential Areas.

slide45

Though it is a taboo to question

the high-tech strategies in vogue.

But, when it is matter of

30 lakh human life and generations to come,

a few basic question related to effectiveness and feasibility of this strategy can not be gagged.

slide46

But, how far it will be realistic

in the prevailing

local conditions ?

What will be its holistic impact ?

Feasibility and Cost effective ?

and many more question

are to be answered

slide47

As far the fundamental

concept of STP goes,

the sewage will be withhold

at a place for a set time period,

where it will go through the

process of disintegration,

But definitely there it will

not do any vanishing act.

slide48

What ever technology

will be adopted, definitely

there will be residual matter

in the form of

- Solid Deposits

- Fluid and

- Gases.

slide49

Now the first question is

from where the land required within the city for the

STP’s will come?

As today, 304mld sewage

will have to be treated.

.

slide50

Second question, while the

sewage will be withhold in

the STP for the process,

will it not be adding to

Air Pollution and

Foul Smell

in that whole area?

slide51

Third question, where and how

theresidual solid and fluid will

be disposed,

What will berecurring operative disposal cost

and from

where it will come.

slide52

If the residual fluid will be

again discharged in the River, then what is the point in

putting up STP.

If the residual will be canalized to discharge beyond the city limits,

then from where the space (right of way) for laying trunk sewer for canalizing residual will come.

slide53

There is no space left in the city to carry trunk sewer parallel to river.

If it is feasible, then first lay such trunk sewer to canalize

the residual fluid, then put the STP.

slide54

If these STPs will be dependent

on Electricity,

from where its availability and affordability can be relied upon.

Moreover, the success of

Electricity base ETP is already

under question mark.

slide55

If the ETP’s will be relying on the Oxidation pond, which is the most

successful technique,

then lot of land will be needed, which is not available even on

the peripheries of the cities.

(about 5000 to 7000 hectare land will be needed to treat 300mld sewage.)

slide56

The process of installing STPs

will be time taking, expensive

as well not adequately reliable

for ensuring clean water fit for

consumption.

Even after treatment the quality of

water may not improve upto level

of making it fit for consumption

slide57

In this situation,

to improve the water quality

for consumption

a quicker, more reliable

affordable, cost effective

strategy is needed.

Though the work may go on

STPs for general improvement

in the water quality the river.

slide58

The Alternative

In these circumstances the most successful strategy for ensuring thewater supply fit for humanconsumptionwill be to abandon the Barrage of Bhainsakund and let the river flow unobstructed.

slide59

River Gomti

Proposed

Expansion

Kukrail

Forest

Musabagh

Forest

Blow this Barrage

Existing City

Existing City

Barrage

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide60

And for lifting

water for supply,

make a new barrage upstream

at Balaganjbehind Moosabagh forest.

There much clean water for human consumption is available

slide61

River Gomti

Proposed

Expansion

Kukrail

Forest

Build a

Barrage here

Musabagh

Forest

Existing City

Existing City

Cantt

Proposed

Expansion

slide62

I apologies

if any one’s

feeling are hurt

by this presentation

slide63

Thankyou

  • Let us do it
  • Act Now
slide64

A presentation by

Architect Planner

Dr.S.M.Akhtar

58, Hazratganj Lucknow-226001

Telefax 0522 211454, E mail <smakhtar@sancharnet.in>