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forschungsmethodik

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  1. forschungsmethodik FOSE 2010

  2. Theoretisierungsperspektive Strukturblick Kulturblick Kognitivismus Konstruktivismus  Struktur und Grenze Welt der Bedeutung  Innensicht Umweltsicht  Reduktion von Dekonstruktion von Komplexität Komplexität  Problemlösung Problemproduktion  Leistung / Funktion Werte/Sinn  Isolierte Objekte Zusammenhänge  Sektorale Betrachtung Kontextuelle Betrachtung  Ressource Regel Ressource Möglichkeit  Organisation d. Wiss. Ökologie d. Wissens  Harte Daten Weiche Daten  Berechnung Erfahrung

  3. Research Process II 1.     PROJECT FRAMEWORK        + problems to be clarified (what)        + interest of knowlege(why)        + research fields (where)        + tools (how) 2.    SECONDARY ANALYSIS       + theory (books. articles)       + research (books, reports) 3.     THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK        + working hypothesis        + arguing hypothesis        + indicators of problems to be analyzed 4.   RESEARCH FRAMEWORK        + decide qualitative or quantitative research        + decide research object (people, institutes,…)        + decide question / tools   5.     TOOLS         + develop tool structure (for interview, questionnaire….)      + program (plan – when, who,…)         + description – protocol 6.     EVALUATION        + Important (what was important)        + Application (in order to verify or falsify the hypothesis 7.     CONCLUSION (re-connect to starting, interests of knowledge questions: research, theories, society, education thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at

  4. How to do the research? I(a)The Linear Model PROBLEM define the problem! From the list of problems select the right one. SETTING UP THE QUESTIONS What are you trying to discover? From the main, leading question you have to go in to depth. brainstorming A PLAN, THEORY, MODEL At thebeginningyouhave to decidewitchmodel and theoryshallyoutake – withtheargumentation.Youneed a theory also withreason to improve it. HYPOTHESIS prove, thatthereis link betweentwo different meanings, elements, subjects,.. From 20 different hypothesisselect5. Withthehelp of thetheorydefinethehypothesis. thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at

  5. How to do the research? I(b)The Linear Model OPERATIONALISATION of the MAIN CONCEPT definethecategories and variables and studythoroughlythecausal – consecutiveconnection.examinecloselythefield of study. DATA GATHERING DATA EVALUATION youneed toconnec to theleadingtheorlyoihavechosenbefore. HYPOTHESIS - EVALUATION confirmation or falsification, to confirm or refuse our hypothesis EXPLANATION We can change the hypothesis THEORY – RESULTS based on theresearch thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at

  6. How to do the research? IIThe Cyclic Model comparison Assumption about the problem IMPLEMENTATION Example x RESEARCH EVALUATION Example 1 RESEARCH EVALUATION VALUE of THEORY comparison comparison Example 2 RESEARCH EVALUATION thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at

  7. How to do the research? IIIAComplex Model of Research Procedure social problem social problem theory order discovery context problem exploration theory (+existing research) hypothesis definition of terms relevant methods isolation of relevant indicators sample statistical evaluation criteria and tests argumentationcontext (pretest) operationalisation survey (data collection) codes indicators evaluation and statisitical check interpretation (description analysis explanation) hypothesis theory lectures application and action context presentation publications social problem thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at

  8. How to do the research? IVASimple Model of Research choice of the problem problem definition theory- & hypothesis construction determination of methods term definitions & operationalisation determination of sources messuring data collection data interpretation data analysis presentation thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at

  9. References Used References (in German): • Friedrich, Jürgen (1990): Methoden empirischer Sozialforschung. Opladen: West.dt. Verlag • Hitzler, R. / Honer, A.: Sozialwissenschaftliche Hermeneutik. Eine Einführung • Lamnek, Siegfried (1995) Qualitative Sozialforschung. Weinheim: Beltz Volume 1: Methodologie Volume 2: Methoden und Techniken OtherPossible References (in English): • Bryman, A. (1984):Thedebateabout Quantitative and Qualitative Research: A Question of MethodorEpistemoloy? In: Britisch Journal of Sociology, Vol. 35, S. 75-92 • Denzin, Norman / Lincoln, Yvonna (eds.) (1998):The Landscape of Qualitative Research. Theories and Issues. ThousandOaks: Sage • Douglas, J.D. (1976):InvestigativeSocial Research, London • Gergen, Kenneth (2000): An Invitation to Social Construction. London: Sage • Miller, Gale / Dingwall, Roberts (eds.) (1997):Context and Method in Qualitative Researche. London: Sage • Seale, Clive (1999):TheQuality of Qualiativeresearch. London: Sage • Bohnsack, Ralf (2007): Rekonstruktive Sozialforschung. Einführung in qualitative Methoden. Opladenutb thomas.bauer@univie.ac.at