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  1. Learning Outcomes What I am Looking For is that you will be able to…….: Must (Grade F): State a definition for exothermic and endothermic. Should (Grade C/D): Recognize an exothermic and endothermic reaction in a graph Could (Grade B/A): Explain the difference between endothermic and exothermic reactions.

  2. Energy and Reactions • Energy is involved in chemical reactions in two ways: • to break some (or all) bonds between atoms in the reactants so the atoms can form new bonds or • when the atoms or products form new bonds to make new products.

  3. Two Types of Reactions • We classify chemical reactions based on how the energy of the reactants compares to the energy of the products.

  4. Exothermic reactions • If forming new bonds releases more energy than it takes to break the old bonds, the reaction is exothermic.

  5. Exothermic reactions • A good example is the reaction of hydrogen with oxygen. Once started, exothermic reactions tend to keep going as each reaction releases more energy to fuel neighboring molecules.

  6. Endothermic reactions • If forming new bonds in the products releases less energy than it took to break the original bonds, the reaction is endothermic.

  7. Endothermic reactions • An important endothermic reaction is photosynthesis. • Plants need energy from sunlight to make glucose and oxygen from carbon dioxide and water.

  8. EXOTHERMIC ENDOTHERMIC Exothermic Exothermic Chemical reactions where HEAT… Is transferred to the surroundings… Indicated by a RISE in temperature Chemical reactions where HEAT… Is transferred from the surroundings … Indicated by a FALL in temperature

  9. Activation Energy • Activation energy is the energy needed to begin a reaction and break chemical bonds in the reactants.

  10. Activation Energy • This is why a flammable material like gasoline does not burn without a spark or flame.

  11. Examples of Endothermic Reactions • Most of the reactions used in industry to produce useful materials require more energy than they produce. • One process that uses endothermic reactions is the refining of ores to produce useful metals.

  12. Examples of Endothermic Reactions • Most of the reactions used in industry to produce useful materials require more energy than they produce. • The reaction taking place inside an instant cold pack is endothermic.

  13. Examples of Endothermic Reactions • When you squeeze the plastic bag the water reacts with the ammonium nitrate crystals, and the reaction dissolves the ionic bonds in the ammonium nitrate.

  14. Examples of Endothermic Reactions

  15. ACTIVITY Complete graph Matching with Partner.

  16. Very endothermic reaction with a big activation energy

  17. Very exothermic reaction with a small activation energy

  18. .

  19. Moderately endothermic reaction with a moderately high activation energy.

  20. Energy level diagram for an exothermic chemical reaction without showing the activation energy.It could also be seen as quite exothermic with a highly unlikely zero activation energy, but reactions between two ions of opposite charge usually has a very low activation energy. Could usually has a very low activation energy.

  21. Exothermic without Showing activation energy

  22. Moderately exothermic reaction with a moderately high activation energy

  23. en as, probably impossible?).

  24. Endothermic Without activation Energy being shown

  25. Energy level diagram for an exothermic chemical reaction without showing the activation energy.It could also be seen as quite exothermic with a highly unlikely zero activation energy, but reactions between two ions of opposite charge usually has a very low activation energy. Energy level diagram for an exothermic chemical reaction without showing the activation energy.It could also be seen as quite zero activation energy, but reactions between two ions of opposite charge usually has a very low activation energy.

  26. Energy is equal. Possible But not likely

  27. Create a SONG POEM DRAWING to explain The difference between Endothermic and Exothermic reactions.

  28. Explain the difference Between endo and exo Reactions. 2. Draw a graph of each Type. Endo and exo Label each 3. Write an equation for each

  29. Words to be used Endothermic Exothermic Activation energy Absorbed Released