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Africa Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprise (MSME) Finance Program Dar es Salaam – June 2007 PowerPoint Presentation
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Africa Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprise (MSME) Finance Program Dar es Salaam – June 2007. Why?. IFC investment in MSME “sector” negligible Bank credit to private sector remains low compared to other emerging market regions

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Why?
  • IFC investment in MSME “sector” negligible
  • Bank credit to private sector remains low compared to other emerging market regions
  • Access to finance a major constraint to growth of Africa’s MSME sector

YET

  • Competition increasing in many countries and high-end client market saturated
  • Growing interest in SME market
  • Some useful donor programs in place

SME Finance KNOW-HOW is the main constraint

Absence of sustained technical assistance to African FIs

what it is
What It Is
  • A major institution-building initiative and platform to speed up the transfer of know-how to financial intermediaries serving micro, small, and medium enterprises in sub-Saharan Africa
  • A platform to enable IFC to develop relationships with targeted banks in sub-Saharan Africa and leading MSME finance advisory firms
  • Scaleable, replicable model leveraging IFC resources
goals
Goals
  • Deliver high impact within 3 years through a combination of technical assistance and IFC investment in sub-Saharan Africa
  • Increase volume of MSME finance
  • WidenFIs’product offering to MSMEs and the retail market:

Loans, cash management, trade financing, housing finance, environmental finance

  • Raise standards of financial services provided to smaller businesses by FIs
approach
Approach
  • Programmatic design approach
  • Provide financing and TA as an integrated package
  • Leverage IFC and consultant existing know-how and Africa infrastructure
  • Utilize transparency, fairness and competition to promote the IFC package
  • Complement (not displace) other MSME initiatives
  • Rigorously and comprehensively monitor client market development
design coordination communication
Design, Coordination, Communication…

1) Core Team = Africa staff + HQ staff

CAF, CGF, CSM, CGAP

2) Coordination with:

  • CAF offices
  • 4 CGF sub-coordinators
  • Trade finance program

3) IFCPEP-Africa manages TA consultants

  • Standard due diligence and appraisal questionnaire, term sheet and loan documentation for all investments
  • Six advisory firms/consortia were shortlisted: LFS, DAI, Shorebank Advisory Services, Crédit Agricole Consultants, Rabo International Advisory Services (RIAS), Enterplan
from filtering to proposals
From filtering to proposals
  • April 06162 banks in 36 countries "mapped" as potentially eligible (IFC)
  • April-June 0684 banks in 24countries contacted by consultants
  • June 20 0644 proposals in 21 countries received by IFC
  • July 10-13 0625 proposals in 17 countries selected by IFC
  • August 15 06 IFC team visits banks to negotiate mandate letters
  • July 07 Launch Round 2 bank selections
  • IFC proceeding with parallel investment-TA due diligence
    • Target – close 15 financing deals by 31 December 07
ta funding
CAF Strategic Initiative

($2 m)

Status: Approved 16 November 2006

Performance-Based

Grants Initiative (PBGI)

($30 m)

Status: approved by IFC Board

30 March 2006

$100K per consultant x 6

+ Administrative budget

+ Impact evaluation

$1 m per bank (minimum 2 years) x 15-30 banks

TA Funding

Phase 1

Phase 2

investment
Investment
  • Type: Senior corporate loans (To be revised)
  • Disbursement: Bullet disbursement, i.e. not contingent upon the size of MSME loan portfolio
  • Tenor: Up to 5 years with a minimum tenor of 2 years to match the length of the technical assistance work
  • Pricing: As per IFC pricing guidelines.
  • Covenants:
    • Standard loan covenants
    • Mandatory Prepayment clause if Borrower fails to honor its commitment to support MSME as per Advisory Services Assistance
    • Special reporting requirements in order to capture the project’s developmental impact at the bank and at the aggregate program levels.
  • Risk mitigation: The presence of a resident advisor in each participating bank under the program (by design) will improve quality of supervision.
highlights
Highlights
  • Higher than expected bank interest in program
  • Team considering 23 banks in 17 countries
  • Four banks approved (10 pipeline)
  • July 07 launch Round 2 bank selection
expected impact
Expected Impact
  • Demonstration effect that MSME lending is profitable in Africa
  • 60,000-90,000 new MSME loans from 15 banks for $500-750 million
  • Wider product offering to MSMEs
  • Imitation by other banks, leading to further MSME service improvement
  • Replication of the program in other regions
expected impact1
Expected Impact

Expected Impact

Measurements

Bank Reporting and External Impact Assessment

Portfolio growth

Portfolio quality improvements

Improved products and services

Higher profitability and efficiency

External Impact Asessment

Greater access to finance

Easiness in doing business

Higher income

Higher employment

Quality of life improvements

External Impact Assessment

performance system for banks
Performance system for banks
  • Step-up/Step-down interest rate
  • 25-50 bps
  • Annual review
  • Base and stretch targets
  • Step-up if fail to meet base target
  • Step-down if exceed stretch target

(no change if fall between base and stretch)

incentives for program banks
Incentives for Banks

First 2 years:

TA package

resident advisor

Step down of I (25-50 bps)

Remainder of program [3-5 more years]:

Step down of I (25-50bps)

If base targets not met

TA support removed (first 2 yrs)

Step up of I (25-50 bps)

Option to require pre-payment/acceleration

Incentives for Consultants

First 2 years:

5 percent of contract amount (if meet TA targets)

Year 3:

5 percent of contract if bank meets base target

If TA targets not met

Contract terminated

Incentives for Program Banks
program impact
Program Impact

At Bank Level

  • Has the TA really made a difference?
    • What specific changes resulted from the TA?
    • Are banks serving new markets?
    • Have they improved services to existing clients?
    • Did the IFC investment make any difference?
    • How do bank’s changes compare to changes in local financial market?
    • Did the program raise wider interest in MSME market among other banks/FIs?
program impact1
Program Impact

At MSME and Community Level

  • Do the new services improve MSME performance?
    • Increase in sales?
    • Increase in profits?
    • Increase in employment? Wages?
  • How do clients compare to MSMEs not getting the new services?
  • Improvement in MSME opinion of the bank? Comparison to other banks/FIs?
cost sharing by banks
Cost sharing by banks
  • Bank’s investment in MSME program must equal 30 to 50 percent of IFC TA support
  • Higher cost-sharing expected from larger banks
    • Network banks may invest over 100 percent of TA value
  • Competitive selection process (165=>25 banks)
    • Only banks showing greatest contribution remain under consideration
thank you
Thank you

Contact Person:

  • Rubin Japhta (CAF)

Tel: +27 11 731 3000

Email: rjaphta@ifc.org

  • Imtiaz Khan

Tel: +254 20 322 6340/4000

Email: ikhan@ifc.org