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JCOL. Dr. William J Davis, Jr. USACGSC. Joint Course on Logistics. Introduction Organizational Structure for Joint Planning Joint Strategic Planning Systems Contingency Planning Crisis Planning. Course Objective. The objective is to give an overview

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slide1
JCOL

Dr. William J Davis, Jr.

USACGSC

joint course on logistics
Joint Course on Logistics
  • Introduction
  • Organizational Structure for Joint Planning
  • Joint Strategic Planning Systems
  • Contingency Planning
  • Crisis Planning
course objective
Course Objective

The objective is to give an overview

of the joint operation planning process

for both contingency and

crisis action planning.

vocabulary
Vocabulary

C-day

CAP

UTC

JPEC

Strategic Concept

LAD

JOPES

UIC

PPBE

QDR

TPFDD

TUCHA

M-day

JSCP

JFAST

what is jopes develop and execute war plans

JOPES

VOLs

What is JOPES?Develop and Execute War Plans

Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES) is acombination of joint policies and

procedures, supported by IT, designed to

provide joint commanders and planners with

a capability to plan and conduct joint

military operations.

three volumes of jopes
Three Volumes of JOPES

CJCSM 3122.01A

CJCSM 3122.02C

CJCSM 3122.03B

JOPES

VOLUME II

JOINT OPERATION

PLANNING AND

EXECUTION SYSTEM

(JOPES)

VOLUME I

JOPES

VOLUME III

(CRISIS ACTION TIME PHASED FORCE AND DEPLOYMENT DATA DEVELOPMENT AND DEPLOYMENT EXECUTION)

PLANNING

FORMATS

(PLANNING POLICIES AND PROCEDURES)

29 Sep 2006

28 February 2006

22 March 2004

jopes joint operation planning and execution system
JOPESJoint Operation Planning and Execution System

JSCP

OPLAN

CONPLANs

SCP

Commander’s

Strategic

Concept

Crisis

Contingency Planning

Concept

Development

Plan Assessment

Plan

Development

Strategic Guidance

Crisis Action Planning

Execution

Situational Awareness

OPORD

Planning

No Plan

Campaign Plan

OPORDs

joint planning goal
Joint Planning Goal

The primary goalof planning is not the

development of elaborate plans that

inevitably must be changed; a more

enduring goal is the development of planners

who can cope with the inevitable change.

How successful have we been at accomplishing this?

op art op design
Op Art / Op Design
  • Must use Op Art and Op Design throughout the planning process
    • Op Art
      • Application of creative imagination to design strategies, campaigns and operations
    • Elements of Op Design
      • Now includes end state, objectives, effects, and lines of operation
    • Systems Approach
      • Addition to traditional JIPB
    • Phasing
      • Element of “Arranging Ops”
  • Although JOPP provides a logical process to frame the planning effort, it is only the creative minds of the commander and staff that will make the plan successful

JFSC / JCWS

ha dr phasing

Current Situation

HA/DR Phasing

Disaster

Phase V

Phase IV

Phase III

Phase 0

Phase I

Phase II

Immediate Response

First 72 hours

Restoration (DoD Support TBD)

Initial Response

Recovery

Preparation

Relief

Stabilization

(Enable Civil Auth)

(Deter)

(Dominate)

(Stabilize)

(Shape)

(Seize Initiative)

Support civil gov’t

Civil authorities assume responsibilities (with assistance as req’d from OFDA, NGOs, IOs, etc.)

Military forces redeploy

Phase 0 activities resume

If no legitimate, functioning civil gov’t, perform limited local governance

Provide basic services to people

Set conditions for transition to civil authorities

  • Support OFDA to:
  • Restore key infrastructure (roads, power, communications, etc.)
  • Set conditions for transition to civil authorities
  • Support OFDA to:
  • Mitigate near-term human suffering
  • Provide water, food, shelter, sanitation, medicine, etc.
  • Assess affected areas for restoration ops

Continuous SA & preparedness

TSC activities to enhance PN disaster preparedness and response capabilities

  • Immediate lifesaving when:
  • directed by SECDEF, or
  • directed by CDR for immediate lifesaving with forces in place (72 hr limit)
  • Assess affected areas for relief ops

Phases May Overlap

joint course on logistics1
Joint Course on Logistics
  • Introduction
  • Organizational Structure for Joint Planning
  • Joint Strategic Planning Systems
  • Contingency Planning
  • Crisis Action Planning
elements of the department of defense
Elements of the Department of Defense

Office of the Secretary of Defense

DOD FIELD

ACTIVITIES

DEFENSE AGENCIES

JOINT

CHIEFS

OF

STAFF

MILITARY

SERVICES

JOINT

STAFF

MILITARY

DEPARTMENTS

COMBATANT COMMANDS

* * * *

organization for national security
Organization ForNational Security

NSC

Advisors

NSC

President

National Security Advisor

Vice

President

Vice

President

Secretary

Of Defense

Secretary

Of State

Secretary of Energy

DA

DAF

DON

Secretary

NAVY

Chairman

JCS

JCS

Vice

Chairman

Secretary

ARMY

Secretary

Air Force

CSA

CSAF

CNO

CMC

Joint Staff

USA

USAF

USN

USMC

X

Specified

Command

Unified Command

Commander

Functional

Component

Command

Commander

Joint

Task

Force

Commander

Sub-

Unified

Command

Commander

Service

Component

Command

Operational Responsibilities

Support Responsibilities

  • Combatant Command
  • Directive Authority
  • Operations Planning
  • Strategic Direction
  • Military Advice
  • Organize
  • Train
  • Equip
  • Maintain
  • Assign
  • Support
joint course on logistics2
Joint Course on Logistics
  • Introduction
  • Organizational Structure for Joint Planning
  • Joint Strategic Planning Systems
  • Contingency Planning
  • Crisis Action Planning
jsps and related systems
JSPS and Related Systems

Strategic

Assessment

Strategic

Direction

Programming

Advice

Strategic

Plans

JSPS

JSPS

JSPS

JSPS

  • SMEAC
  • Situation
  • Mission
  • Execution
  • Admin
  • C2

The Gouge

jsps and related systems1
JSPS and Related Systems

NDS

NSS

QDR

Strategic

Assessment

CRA

Strategic

Direction

JSR

NMS

GEF

FCB

CPA

Programming

Advice

JSCP

JROC

CPR

JOPES/

APEX

Strategic

Plans

PPBE

PLANs

IPL

JPG

CRS

JCCA

SROC

JTS

JFRR

POMs

JSPS

JSPS

JSPS

JSPS

guidance to combatant commanders
Guidance to Combatant Commanders
  • Joint Pub 1
    • Doctrine for the Armed Forces of the United States
  • UCP
    • Unified Command Plan (FOUO)
  • Combatant Commander Command Relationships
joint course on logistics3
Joint Course on Logistics
  • Introduction
  • Organizational Structure for Joint Planning
  • Joint Strategic Planning Systems
  • Contingency Planning
  • Crisis Action Planning
contingency plans
Contingency Plans

NSS

QDR

CRA

Strategy

JSR

NDS

NMS

FCB

CPR

Resources

JROC

JPG

CPA

JFRR

GEF

JSCP

secretary of defense initiatives
Secretary of Defense Initiatives
  • Realign five (5) Phases of Deliberate Planning into four (4) Functions of Contingency Planning
  • Redefined six (6) Phases of Crisis Action Planning into three (3) Functions.
jopes joint operation planning and execution system1
JOPESJoint Operation Planning and Execution System

JSCP

OPLAN

CONPLANs

SCP

Commander’s

Strategic

Concept

Crisis

Contingency Planning

Concept

Development

Plan Assessment

Plan

Development

Strategic Guidance

Crisis Action Planning

Execution

Situational Awareness

OPORD

Planning

No Plan

Campaign Plan

OPORDs

gef purpose consolidate guidance

Global

Force Mgmt

Guidance

Security

Cooperation

Guidance

Global

Posture

Guidance

Contingency

Planning

Guidance

Nuclear

Weapons

Planning

Guidance

Built together by Task Force

GEF Purpose – Consolidate Guidance

Consolidating five separate documents forces holistic thinking about previously stove-piped planning

Guidance for

Employment

of the Force

Joint Strategic

Capabilities

Plan

global force management
Global Force Management
  • Force Apportionment Guidance for Contingency Planning (GFM Implementation Guidance: GFMIG)
    • 3 Bins
  • Force Allocation Guidance [to the Global Force Management Board (GFMB)] for operations and shaping activities
    • 5 Tiers of Priorities
new apportionment construct
New Apportionment Construct

JSCP 06

JSCP 08

Plans

Force Bins

Plans

Force Bins

HD

NORTHCOM/

ELEMNORAD/PACOM

HD

NORTHCOM / PACOM

USELEMNORAD/SOUTHCOM

Homeland Defense - HD

Homeland Defense - HD

Campaign 1

XXXXXXXX

Forces not available for planning

Current Operations

XXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXX

Forces available for planning

XXXXXXXXX

Campaign 2

XXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXX

NDS required the ability to conduct 2 overlapping campaigns

XXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXX

  • Proposed construct accounts for employed forces
  • Establishes a more realistic start point for planning
  • Not intended to be the equivalent of contingency sourcing
  • Improves CCDR’s ability to assess military risk to execute a plan
slide30

Design Element:

“Arranging Operations – Phasing”

31

JP 5-0, p. IV-34 (26 Dec 2006)

slide31

DOD Global Campaign Plan

DOD Global Campaign Plan

DOD Global Campaign Plan

####

####

Relationship of Planning Efforts

Theater Campaign Plan

Campaign(s)

Subordinate

Campaign

Plans

YYY

XXX

ZZZ

Indicates a supporting campaign plan synchronized with a Global Campaign Plan

Indicates campaign or contingency plans nested under a Theater Campaign Plan

Contingency

Plans

XXX

YYY

ZZZ

Contingency plans to subordinate campaign plans are not stand alone plans, but are branches to the subordinate campaign plans.

the never ending theater campaign plan tcp
The Never-ending Theater Campaign Plan (TCP)

TCP (security cooperation/Phase 0)

Contingency as a branch plan from the TCP

Once the contingency is over, the end state is back to day-to-day military activities (phase 0, which is the theater campaign plan)

The end-state that

doesn’t end (NSS objectives and interests)

security cooperation shaping activities

Global Core Partners

COCOM Regional or Functional End State(s)

Security Cooperation Focus Areas

Operational Access and Global Freedom of Action

Operational Capacity

and

Capability

Inter-operability

Intelligence

and Information Sharing

Assuranceand Regional Confidence Building

Security Sector Reform

Defense Exports and International Collaboration

National

and MultinationalInfluence

Security Cooperation Activities/Tools

Security Cooperation/Shaping Activities

Global End State(s)

The COCOM campaign plan is the mechanism for organizing, integrating and prioritizing security cooperation activities

Critical Partnerships

Key Supporting Partnerships

Countries of Concern

campaign planning efforts
Campaign Planning Efforts

Global/Functional Campaigns

Global War on Terror

Homeland Defense

Defense Support of Civil Authorities

Global Pandemic Influenza

Combating WMD

Strategic Deterrence & Global Strike

Cyberspace

Space

Regional Campaigns

USAFRICOM

USCENTCOM

USEUCOM

USNORTHCOM

USPACOM

USSOUTHCOM

jopes functions and joint planning
JOPES Functions and Joint Planning

JOPES Functions

Threat

Identification

& Assessment

Detailed

Planning

COA

Development

Strategy

Determination

Implementation

Contingency

Planning

III

Plan

Development

JSPS

IPR C

IPR F

II

Concept Development

IV

Plan Assessment

IPR A

IPR R

I

Strategic Guidance

JSCP

Warning Order

Planning Order

Crisis Action

Planning

Execute Order

Situation Awareness

Planning

Execution

Alert

Order

slide37

Initiation

Strategic Guidance

Concept Development

Plan Development

jopp generic
JOPP Generic
  • Receive and analyze required tasks.
  • Review and refine adversary situation
  • Develop and compare alternative courses of action.
  • Select the best course of action.
  • Submit and gain concept approval.
  • Prepare a plan based on approved concept.
  • Complete the planning document.

JFSC / JCWS

jopp step 1 initiation
JOPP Step 1: Initiation
  • CJCSM 3122 (JOPES) specifies JPEC
    • Milestones, deliverables and interaction points
    • Differences between Contingency and CAP
  • Contingency Initiation
    • CPG / SGS / JSCP
    • Commander’s Guidance
    • Formation of planning team (JPG, OPG, etc)
  • CAP Initiation
    • Warning Ord / Planning Ord / Alert Ord

JFSC / JCWS

jtf commander s orientation
JTF Commander's Orientation
  • PACOM Commander's Intent
  • Purpose: Provide immediate life sustaining support to the GOB, reduce further loss of life, mitigate human suffering.
  • Key Tasks:
    • Designate COMMARFORPAC as CDR-JTF
    • Preposition Relief Supplies and Equipment in anticipation of support request.
    • BPT to conduct operations as part of a multi-national relief effort or in support of a third country
    • BPT establish a joint logistics hub in the vicinity of Burma
    • Conduct FHA in support of OFDA
    • Transition FHA functions to other agencies as soon as practical
    • Redeploy/Reposition forces upon completion of the mission or as directed.
  • Endstate: Demand for Emergency Relief decreased to the point where GOB and the humanitarian community can meet relief requirements and begin recovery operations without U.S. Military Assistance. Human suffering is alleviated. U.S. Forces are safely redeployed.
slide42

JTF Specified Tasks (1/3)

(1) BPT PROVIDE DISASTER RELIEF SUPPORT IN COORDINATION WITH USAID/OFDA.

(2) PROVIDE JTF-CDR'S ESTIMATE WITH COURSES OF ACTION AND RECOMMENDED COURSE OF ACTION TO USPACOM J3 NLT 071300ZMAY08.

(3) DEVELOP SITUATIONAL AWARENESS AND CONDUCT ASSESSMENTS IN SUPPORT OF FHA RELIEF OPERATIONS TO THE EXTENT POSSIBLE.

(4) BPT PROVIDE MOBILITY ASSETS IN SUPPORT OF RELIEF EFFORTS AS REQUIRED.

(5) BPT DELIVER FOOD, WATER, EMERGENCY MEDICAL SUPPORT, MEDICINE AND OTHER RELIEF SUPPLIES AS REQUIRED.

(6) BPT PROVIDE LIMITED TRANSPORTATION OF DISPLACED PERSONS TO DESIGNATED AREAS FROM LOCATIONS INACCESSIBLE TO HN TRANSPORTATION ASSETS.

slide43

JTF Implied Tasks (1/1)

  • Establish FCE in Rangoon
  • Establish HN / JTF coordination element in Rangoon
  • Establish LNOs with MPAT for coordination/deconfliction with International Aid agencies.
  • BPT Establish FOB or FARPs in Thailand/Burma as required.
  • Establish Air C2 concept to deconflict JTF tactical and operational air with HN and Non-DOD aviation
  • Seek clearance to fly non-DOD personnel and supplies
slide44

Assumptions (1/2)

  • SECDEF WILL DIRECT USPACOM TO ASSIST WITH DISASTER RELIEF IN BURMA.
  • USPACOM FORCES WILL EXECUTE OPERATIONS AS A PART OF A MULTI-NATIONAL RELIEF EFFORT OR IN SUPPORT OF THE EFFORTS OF A THIRD COUNTRY.
  • BURMA WILL REQUEST U.S. HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE.
  • BURMA WILL PROVIDE FORCE PROTECTION FOR US FORCES IF ALLOWED IN THE COUNTRY.
  • GOB WILL DIRECT OVERALL RELIEF EFFORT.
  • GROUND TRANSPORTATION NETWORK IN THE AFFECTED AREAS OF BURMA IS SERIOUSLY DEGRADED OR UNUSABLE.
proposed mission statement
Proposed Mission Statement
  • CDRUSSOUTHCOM conducts PHASE II (RELIEF) ISO the USAMB/Country Team in coordination with MINUSTAH/ NGOs/OGA/USAID IOT mitigate near term human suffering and accelerate recovery in Haiti. BPT transition to PHASE III (RESTORATION).
slide46

Proposed JTF Mission

O/O, JTF conducts Humanitarian Assistance (HA) and Disaster Relief (DR) Operations IVO Central Burma to support International relief efforts IOT reduce further loss of life and mitigate human suffering.

coa balanced response

Deploy HMM-262 det/ HMM-265 CH-53 det/ HM-14 det to Utaphao

Deploy HMM-265 aboard 31st MEU/ ESX ARG in MODLOC vic Gulf of Martaban

Establish FOB in Mae Sot, TH

Establish FARP at Rangoon Intl, MY

OPS and LOG nodes

JTF HQ/1st MAW Khorat, TH

3rd MEB proposed FARP Rangoon

Mae Sot FOB

Intermediate Logistics Staging Base

Main relief aid distribution point

Rapidly establish initial relief capability

Build to maximum capacity as

resources and authorities allow.

Conduct assessments

Deploy FCE to Burma

Project aid relief fwd from Utaphao via KC/C-130s and Mai Sot to Rangoon when authorized

3 MEB

MFP

1

2

COA Balanced Response

5

2

4

3

4

3

FRDP

FOB

3

OPS

LOG

1

1

2

2

3

4

1

FOB

4

5

C2 Links

Forward Refuel/Distribution Pt

FRDP

slide52

JOPP

Step 7

plan development
Plan Development

CJCSM 3122.03B

JOPES

VOLUME II

PLANNING FORMATS

28 February 2006

STEP 1

FORCE

STEP 2

SUPPORT

  • PURPOSE:
    • To identify all forces needed to accomplish the Concept of Operations. Build the force list.

STEP 3

CHEMICAL

NUCLEAR

STEP 4

TRANSPORTATION

STEP 5

NEO

STEP 6

SHORTFALL IDENTIFICATION

STEP 7

TRANSPORTATION FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS

STEP 8

TPFDD REFINEMENT

STEP 9

DOCUMENTATION

STEP 10

PLAN REVIEW

the movement of forces
The Movement of Forces

Mobilization

Station

Intermediate

Location

Home

Origin

Port of

Embarkation

term:

date:

ILOC

POE

ALD

ORIG

RLD

Employment

Strategic

Staging

Reception

Staging

Onward

Movement

Port of

Debarkation

Integration

DEST

POD

PREPO

RDD/CRD

EAD LAD

Earliest, Latest

Arrival Date

Required

Delivery

Date

Combatant Commander’s

Required Date

reference times for planning
Reference Times for Planning

EMPLOYMENT

D-day

(H-hour)

Military Operation Begins

(specific hour operation begins)

THEATER

DEPLOYMENT

C-day

(L-hour)

(N-day)

Deployment Operation Begins

(specific hour deployment begins)

(Day unit notified, e.g., AMC mission support)

POD

STRATEGIC

DEPLOYMENT

POE

NATIONAL

MOBILIZATION

Force Mobilization Begins

(SECDEF announcement to mobilize

reserve forces)

M-day

(F-hour)

ORIG

A F S C

04-25-95

JP666c 5D#3-g

plan development1
Plan Development

CJCSM 3122.03B

JOPES

VOLUME II

PLANNING FORMATS

28 February 2006

STEP 1

FORCE

STEP 2

SUPPORT

  • PURPOSE:
    • Identify the quantities of
    • supplies, equipment and
    • replacement personnel
    • to sustain the force.

STEP 3

CHEMICAL

NUCLEAR

STEP 4

TRANSPORTATION

STEP 5

NEO

STEP 6

SHORTFALL IDENTIFICATION

STEP 7

TRANSPORTATION FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS

STEP 8

TPFDD REFINEMENT

STEP 9

DOCUMENTATION

STEP 10

PLAN REVIEW

support planning

A F S C

08-09-95

JP160c D#5-g

Supply

Buildup

Support Planning

Unit-Related

Non-Unit-Related

TUCHA

Additional

accompanying

supplies

Sustaining

supplies

Resupply

PWRS

LAD

+5

+10

+30

+60

Pipeline

opens

Additional

considerations

Civil

Affairs

EPW

Special

Materials

Must be added

separately

Medical

CESP

plan development2
Plan Development

CJCSM 3122.03B

JOPES

VOLUME II

PLANNING FORMATS

28 February 2006

STEP 1

FORCE

STEP 2

SUPPORT

STEP 3

CHEMICAL

NUCLEAR

STEP 4

TRANSPORTATION

STEP 5

NEO

STEP 6

SHORTFALL IDENTIFICATION

  • PURPOSE:
    • Solve the complex strategic movement
    • by simulating the movement of forces, planning for NEO requirements, and support to identify shortfalls and analyze alternatives.

STEP 7

TRANSPORTATION FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS

STEP 8

TPFDD REFINEMENT

STEP 9

DOCUMENTATION

STEP 10

PLAN REVIEW

the strategic transportation challenge
The Strategic Transportation Challenge

Identify

the Total

Transportation

Requirements...

Describe Them

in

Logistical

Terms...

Simulate

the

StrategicMove...

Short

Tons

Using

Common-User

Lift

Square

Feet

Movement

Criteria

Cubic

Feet

Passengers

A F S C

04-07-95

JP675C 7D# g

mobility tradeoffs goal optimize capability

But We Typically

Operate Here!

We Want to

Be Here…

RDD

D-60

D-50

D-40

D-30

D-20

D-10

Mobility Tradeoffs –Goal: Optimize Capability

HDR

Air:$17.6M Sea:$360K

Concrete

Air:$129M Sea:$5.5M

1 LMSR = 420 C-17s

Cost

Bombs

Air:$235M Sea:$10.7M

Time?

3-4 Weeks (ship)

vs.

2-3 Days (aircraft)

Time

Constrained Resources… Premium on Right Asset, Right Mission!

worldwide pre positioned assets
Worldwide Pre-positioned Assets

Norway

USMC

USN

USAF

Luxembourg

USAF

South Korea

USN

USA

USAF

Germany

USAF

Kuwait

USA

USAF

Italy

USA

Japan

USN

USAF

Bahrain

USN

USAF

Mediterranean

USMC

USN

USAF

Qatar

USAF

Guam

USAF

Guam/Saipan

USMC

USN

USA

USAF

Oman

USAF

Diego Garcia

USMC

USN

USA

USAF

Ashore

Afloat

shortfall resolution
Shortfall Resolution
  • Refine priorities
  • Adjust origin to POE to POD routing and timing
  • Change lift modes
  • Link forces to pre-positioned resources
  • Enhance preparedness with base development
  • Seek additional assets
  • Conclude contractual agreements or inter-Service support agreements
  • Arrange for HNS where feasible
  • Employ combination of above
  • Redefine concept of operations
plan review group
Plan Review Group
  • Combatant Commands
  • Services
  • National Guard Bureau
  • Joint Staff directorate
  • Defense agencies
joint course on logistics4
Joint Course on Logistics
  • Introduction
  • Organizational Structure for Joint Planning
  • Joint Strategic Planning Systems
  • Contingency Planning
  • Crisis Action Planning
what is a crisis
What is a crisis?

A F S C

07-07-95

IP255 5D23-g

i hope my sats are high enough for the naval academy
I hope my SATs are high enough for the Naval Academy

They have to take me…my Dad’s an admiral!!

what is a crisis1
What is a crisis?

“An incident or situation involving a threat to the United States, its territories, citizens, military forces, possessions, or vital interests that develops rapidly and creates a condition of such diplomatic, economic, political, or military importance that commitment of U.S. military forces and resources is contemplated to achieve national objectives.”

JP 1-02

the players
The Players

White House

Situation Room

Government

Agencies

OSD

Defense

Agencies

DISA

DTRA

DLA

NGA

NMCC

State / Energy Department

CJCS

JCS

Jt Staff

Services

Army

Navy

Air Force

Marine Corps

Coast Guard

NGB

Intelligence

Agencies

DNI

DIA

CIA

NSA

Combatant Commands

Central Command Joint Forces Command

European Command Special Operations Command

Northern Command Strategic Command

Pacific Command Transportation Command

Southern Command

cap process allows
CAP Process Allows
  • Rapid exchange of pertinent information
  • Analysis of situations affecting possible COAs
  • Development of feasible COAs
  • Decisionmaking process to select best COAs
  • Coordination of plans and orders to implement decisions made
importance
Importance
  • Sensible and realistic policy-making creates opportunities for progress
  • Interagency planning can make or break an operation
  • Failure to integrate civil dimension… Undermines unity of effort Pressures military to do more Lengthens the duration of commitments
  • Early involvement in planning accelerates contributions of civilian agencies
deciding to intervene
Deciding to Intervene
  • How did we get where we are?
  • Mission/Objective
  • Alternative means to achieve objective
  • Tolerance for what level of violence?
  • Support for use of force
  • Financial and logistical
  • Exit strategy
  • Definition of victory
jopes joint operation planning and execution system2
JOPESJoint Operation Planning and Execution System

Contingency Planning

Concept

Development

Plan Assessment

Plan

Development

Strategic Guidance

JSCP

OPLAN

CONPLANs

SCP

Commander’s

Strategic

Concept

Crisis Action Planning

Execution

Situational Awareness

OPORD

Planning

Crisis

No Plan

Campaign Plan

OPORDs

crisis action planning process
Crisis Action Planning Process
  • US Government
  • (OSD, JS, COCOMs, Interagency)
  • Monitor the situation
  • Identify that an event has occurred
  • Recognize that the event is a problem or potential problem
  • Report the event
  • Assess the event

Combatant

Command

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process1
Crisis Action Planning Process

Situation Awareness

Combatant

Command

  • Commander’s Assessment
  • Information on situation
  • Action being taken within ROE
  • Forces available
  • Timeframe for commitment of forces
  • Major constraints or restraints for employment of forces
  • COAs under consideration

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process2
Crisis Action Planning Process

CCDR’s Assessment

Situation Awareness

Combatant

Command

  • Warning Order
  • Issued by CJCS
  • Contains Mission Statement
  • -- Objectives
  • -- Constraints/ Restraints
  • -- Tentative Forces Available
  • -- Command Relationships
  • Requests Cdr’s Estimate
  • -- Develop COAs

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process3
Crisis Action Planning Process

CCDR’s Assessment

Situation Awareness

Combatant

Command

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

  • Course of Action (COA) Planning
  • Review Existing Plans for Applicability
  • Develop COAs
  • Analyze COAs
  • Compare COAs

CoCom HQ

Warning Order

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process4
Crisis Action Planning Process

CCDR’s Assessment

COA

Planning

Situation Awareness

Combatant

Command

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

Warning Order

  • Commander’s Estimate
  • Mission
  • Situation and COAs
  • Analysis of opposing COAs
  • Comparison of own COAs
  • Recommended COA

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process5
Crisis Action Planning Process

Cdr’s Estimate

CCDR’s Assessment

COA

Planning

Situation Awareness

Combatant

Command

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

  • Alert Order
  • President’s decision on COA
  • Contains
    • -- Situation
    • -- Tasks
    • -- Allocation of Major Forces
    • -- Allocation of Strategic Lift
    • -- Target Date for Execution
  • Requests Operation Order (OPORD)

Warning Order

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process6
Crisis Action Planning Process

CCDR’s Assessment

Situation Awareness

Combatant

Command

  • or … Planning Order
  • Issued by CJCS when detailed planning is desired immediately -- Before President approves a COA
  • Contains -- Mission -- Objectives -- Forces Available -- Command Relationships
  • Directs Execution Planning

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process7
Crisis Action Planning Process

Cdr’s Estimate

CCDR’s Assessment

COA

Planning

Situation Awareness

Combatant

Command

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

  • Plan Development
  • Update/Adjust Selected COA
  • -- Identify and Source Forces
  • -- Identify Sustainment/Mobility Resources
  • -- Resolve Shortfalls and Limitations
  • Can also be Directed in Planning Order
  • Develop OPORD

CoCom HQ

Alert Order

Planning Order

Warning Order

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process8
Crisis Action Planning Process

CCDR’s Assessment

CCDR’s Assessment

CCDR’s Assessment

CCDR’s Assessment

Cdr’s Estimate

COA

Planning

COA

Planning

COA

Planning

Plan

Development

COA

Planning

Situation Awareness

Combatant

Command

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

Alert Order

Planning Order

Warning Order

  • Operation Order (OPORD)
  • Situation
  • Mission
  • Execution
  • Admin & Logistics
  • C2

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process9
Crisis Action Planning Process

CCDR’s Assessment

Cdr’s Estimate

OPORD

OPORD

Situation Awareness

COA

Planning

Execution

Planning

Plan

Development

Combatant

Command

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

Alert Order

Planning Order

Warning Order

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process10
Crisis Action Planning Process

OPORD

Cdr’s Estimate

CCDR’s Assessment

OPORD

Situation Awareness

Execution

Planning

COA

Planning

Plan

Development

Combatant

Command

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

Alert Order

Planning Order

Warning Order

  • Deployment Order
  • SecDef Approval
  • Can be Issued at Any Time in CAP
  • Signals Pres/SecDef Decision to Begin Preparation for Military Response

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process11
Crisis Action Planning Process

CCDR’s Assessment

OPORD

Cdr’s Estimate

Situation Awareness

Execution

Planning

Plan

Development

COA

Planning

Combatant

Command

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

Alert Order

Planning Order

Warning Order

  • Deployment Order (cont.)
  • Reduces Reaction Time
    • Increase Posture / Deploy Forces
    • Establish / Activate JTF & Designate CC
    • Also used to Terminate / Redeploy

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process12
Crisis Action Planning Process

CCDR’s Assessment

OPORD

Cdr’s Estimate

Situation Awareness

Execution

Planning

Plan

Development

COA

Planning

Combatant

Command

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

Deployment Order

Alert Order

Planning Order

Warning Order

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process13
Crisis Action Planning Process

CCDR’s Assessment

OPORD

Cdr’s Estimate

Situation Awareness

Execution

Planning

Plan

Development

COA

Planning

Combatant

Command

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

Alert Order

Planning Order

Warning Order

  • Execute Order
  • President Directs Commander to Begin Military Operations
  • Defines Time to Initiate Operations
  • Conveys Guidance Not Provided Earlier

Major

Crisis

crisis action planning process14
Crisis Action Planning Process

CCDR’s Assessment

OPORD

Cdr’s Estimate

Situation Awareness

Execution

Planning

COA

Planning

Plan

Development

Combatant

Command

Pres

SecDef

CJCS

CoCom HQ

Alert Order

Execute Order

Planning Order

Deployment Order

Warning Order

Major

Crisis

Conduct

Operation

crisis action planning checklists
Crisis Action Planning Checklists
  • Contained in Enclosure G to JOPES Vol I
  • List general responsibilities and considerations during CAP
  • Identified for various levels
    • -- CJCS
    • -- supported command
    • -- component commands
    • -- supporting commands
    • -- Services
    • -- USTRANSCOM
    • -- other commands and agencies
cap orders
CAP Orders

WARNO PLORD ALORD DEPORD EXORD

UPHOLD DEMOCRACY (94) X XX XX

SAFE BORDER (95) X X

PROMPT RETURN (95) X XX

JOINT ENDEAVOR (95) X XX

ASSURED RESPONSE (96) X XX

QUICK RESPONSE (96) X X

BURUNDI (96) X

DESERT STRIKE (96) XX X

INTRINSIC ACTION (96) XX

GUARDIAN ASSISTANCE (96) X XX

SILVER WAKE (97) X X

ENDURING / IRAQI FREEDOM (03) X XX

jopes joint operation planning and execution system3
JOPESJoint Operation Planning and Execution System

JSCP

OPLAN

CONPLANs

SCP

Commander’s

Strategic

Concept

Crisis

Contingency Planning

Concept

Development

Plan Assessment

Plan

Development

Strategic Guidance

Crisis Action Planning

Execution

Situational Awareness

OPORD

Planning

No Plan

Campaign Plan

OPORDs

slide94
JCL

“Bill, may I be excused? My brain is full.”

retrospect
RETROSPECT

Joint Electronic Library :

www.dtic.mil/doctrine

Joint Deployment Training Center:

www.jdtc.jfcom.mil

Combatant Commands: http://www.defenselink.mil/specials/unifiedcommand/

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