Human history becomes more and more a race between education and catastrophe
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Human history becomes more and more a race between education and catastrophe. H.G. Wells, The Outline of History. Higher Education in Developing Countries:. Peril and Promise. The Task Force on Higher Education and Society. Central questions .

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Human history becomes more and more a race between education and catastrophe

H.G. Wells, The Outline of History


Higher education in developing countries l.jpg

Higher Education and catastrophein Developing Countries:

Peril and Promise

The Task Force on

Higher Education and Society


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Central questions and catastrophe

  • What is the role of higher education in supporting and enhancing the process of economic and social development?

  • What are the major obstacles that higher education faces in developing countries?

  • How can these obstacles best be overcome?


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Five areas of inquiry and catastrophe

  • the public interest

  • systems of higher education

  • governance

  • science and technology

  • general education curricula


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Longstanding problems and catastrophe

  • funding

  • faculty quality

  • student conditions and preparedness

  • curriculum

  • teaching methods

  • research capacity

  • vision


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New realities and catastrophe

  • rapidly changing world

  • increasing use of information technology

  • growing income inequality

  • knowledge capital replacing physical capital as source of wealth

  • higher education becoming more important and in greater demand

  • resulting expansion: rapid, chaotic, and unplanned


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Public interest and catastrophe

  • high private and social returns

  • build knowledge capital resource

  • address topics with long-term value to society

  • promote equal opportunity

  • venue for free and open discourse of ideas and values


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Government as supervisor and catastrophe

  • deter abuses of private education

  • encourage autonomy

  • ensure coherence and coordination

  • ensure cooperation and openness

  • encourage competition

  • encourage connections to broader economy and society


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Governance – some problems and catastrophe

  • governments often closely involved in running of universities

  • universities are hostage to changes in political weather

  • lack of open dialogue about reform

  • corruption

  • active student political life


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Science now and catastrophe

  • accelerating pace of scientific progress

  • link between scientific capacity and economic performance

  • higher education essential for strong science


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Science and the developing world and catastrophe

  • large and growing scientific gap between developed and developing countries

  • brain drain

  • scientific advance and global public goods


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General education and catastrophe

  • develops the whole individual

  • interactive teaching methods over a broad range of subjects

  • promotes citizenship, ethics, and ambition

  • encourages broad-mindedness, critical thinking and communication skills

  • provides adaptable leaders, and is a good grounding for specialists

  • contributes to national development


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Education is not the filling of a pail, and catastrophebut the lighting of a fire

W. B. Yeats


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