CH 5 MARGIN REVIEW QUESTIONS. 1. What different answers to the problem of disorder arose in classical China?.
Buddhism challenged Hindu traditions through its rejection of the religious authority of the Brahmins, the lack of interest in abstract speculation about the creation of the world or the existence of gods, and its rejection of the inequalities of a Hindu-based caste system through its belief that neither caste position nor gender was a barrier to enlightenment.
The Mahayana expression proclaimed that help was available to reach enlightenment.
Within this expression, bodhisattvas, spiritually developed people who postponed their own entry into nirvana in order to assist those who were still suffering, could help the believer.
The Buddha became something of a god, and both earlier and future Buddhas were available to offer their help on the path to enlightenment.
The Mahayana expression developed elaborate descriptions of these supernatural beings, together with various levels of heavens and hells that ultimately transformed Buddhism into a popular religion of salvation.
As part of this development, religious merit leading to salvation might now be earned by acts of piety and devotion, and merit might be transferred to others.
8. How would you compare the lives &teachings of Jesus &the Buddha? In what different ways did the 2 religions evolve after the deaths of their founders?
From a rich family
Both became spiritual seekers, powerful religious experiences provided the motivation for their life’s work attracting bands of followers
Both were “wisdom teachers,” challenging the conventional values of their time
The Buddha’s original message largely ignored the supernatural, involved no miracles, and taught a path of intense self-effort aimed at ethical living and “mindfulness” as a means of ending suffering.
Public life was over forty years
Both messages emerged soon after their deaths as separate religions proclaimed to much wider and more inclusive audiences.
. Buddhism, while supported by some rulers, was never promoted to the exclusion of other faiths in India.