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The Masterpieces. Masters of the Painting II. The Courtyard of a House in Delft. The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne. A Grotesque Old Woman. The Gare St-Lazare. Summer’s Day. Fruits and Flowers in a Terracotta Vase. A Girl with a Kitten. Fruits Dish, Bottle

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the masterpieces

The Masterpieces


of the Painting


The Virgin

and Child with

Saint Anne

A Grotesque

Old Woman

The Gare



and Flowers

in a Terracotta


A Girl with

a Kitten

Fruits Dish,


and Violin

The Baptism

of Christ

about the artists

about The Artists


of the Painting


Pieter de Hooch


The Courtyard of a House in Delft

In 1658

Pieter de Hooch was a painter of portraits and small, detailed scenes of everyday life.

His pictures usually show women and children enjoying simple pastimes or carrying out task around the home.

De Hooch’s painting reflect the artist’s belief that children should be brought up with care, in a quiet, tidy surroundings.

Leonardo da Vinci


The Virgin and Child

with saint Anne

between 1499 -1500

With an endless curiosity and a hunger for knowledge, Leonardo da Vinci was certainly one of the greatest geniuses the world has never seen.

He was so keen to understand the human body that he dissected corpses in order to study and draw anatomy.

Although he made thousands of notes and drawings in his studies of the natural world, only fifteen of his paintings survive today, The most famous of which is the Mona Lisa

Quinten Massys


A Grotesque Old Woman

in 1525

Massys painted portraits and religious altarpieces and was regarded as the leading painter in Antwerp.

His early work was influenced by the refined, realistic style of van Eyck.

However, after making a trip to Italy, his later works show that he was almost certainly familiar with drawings of grotesque figures by Leonardo da Vince.

Claude-Oscar Monet


The Gare


in 1877

Monet was one of a group of painters known as the Impressionists that worked in France in the second half of the nineteenth century.

Although exceptionally popular now, the work of these painters puzzled the public and critics when first seen.

Berthe Marisot


Summer’s Day

in 1879

Morisot was born is Bourges, in central France, but moved to Paris with her family when she was eleven.

One of the very few female artist of international fame, Morisot is best known for her scenes of modern life.

She worked oils, pastels, and watercolors, showing landscapes and everyday scene

Jan Van Os


Fruit and Flowers in

a Terracotta Vase

between 1777-1778

Jan van Os was the head of the family of artist who specialized in still lifes of fruit and flowers.

For paint his flower and fruits van Os would have to wait for each one to come into season before he could capture it accurately in paint

Jean-Baptiste Perronneau


A Girl with a Kitten

in 1745

The use of pastel as a medium in panting became fashionable in 18th-century France after the visit of the artist Rosalba Carriera to Paris in 1720, She was one of the first in work pastel.

Perronneau had studied engraving but was clearly influence by Carriera’s work and became well-known in France for his pastel portraits.

With pastel he was able to use colour to show light and shade in a subtle way.

Pablo Picasso


Fruit Dish, Bottle and Violin

in 1914

Born in Spain, Picasso was the son of an art teacher named Jose Blasco.He become one of the greatest artist of the 20th century.

As young man Picasso painted scenes of circuses and city life. Although these were realistic paintings, Picasso found the people and places around him made him feel sad and lonely, so he painted many of them using only different shades of the color blue, This time in his life is known as his :Blue Period”.

As the years passed, Picasso experimented with new styles of painting and sculpture, and became fascinated by African art, he also worked with another painter , Georges Braque, and together they develop a new form of art called Cubism.

Piero Della Francesca


The Babtism

of Christ

in 1450

Although many people admire his work now, Piero della Francesca was no famous in his lifetime.

This may have been because, unlike other Renaissance painters, Piero did not live in Florence, the center of the new art in Italy, Instead, he chose to stay in his home town of Borgo Sansepolcro for most of his life.

Piero, like most artist of the period, painted religious subjects, and liked to use pale, flat colors to give his work a sense of calm and balance

He was very interested in geometry and perspective, and his paintings are carefully composed.

Rembrandt van Rijn


Belshazzar’s Feast

Between 1636-1638

Rembrandt was an original, adventurous painter, he had an amazing knack of capturing the personalities of the people he painted, showing what they were feeling and thinking, as well as what they looked like.
about the paintings

about The Paintings


of the Painting


The perspective of the picture is carefully thought out and is designed to lead the eye through the passageway, to the delicately lit background in the street beyond.

The picture has a number of clear lines, with strong horizontals and verticals, These give the painting structure and balance, reflecting the well ordered lives of the people depicted in it.

The use of soft, muted tones, and a small range of colors, mainly oranges and browns, also helps to create an atmosphere of harmony.

The cartoon shows the Virgin Mary seated on the knee of her mother, St Anne, while holding the Christ Child, who is blessing Saint John the Baptist.

The figures are intertwined both physically and emotionally, and there is a great sense of tenderness about the group.

Leonardo was a master at using light and shade to give his paintings and drawings relief .

The Details in the darkness shadows and brightest highlights gives faces a mysterious radiance and almost makes it seen possible to reach out and touch the clothes.

This was probably not a portrait of a real woman, but was designed to criticize older woman who do not accept their age and try to appear younger.

Because she has not faces the truth of her age, Massys deliberately makes his subject look grotesque and foolish.

Massys also did several portraits of old men in this style, which may have been inspired by the great humanist Erasmus,

Painted on the spot, The Gare St-Lazare is like a snapshot or an impression of a moment in time.

Monet worked quickly, using loose strokes of colour, with no outlines or solid forms.

His aim was to capture the light and atmosphere of the railway station rather that its tiny details. As a result, it is a easy to feel as though you are standing in the station with the other passengers as the huge, noisy train draws into the platform, surrounded by billowing clouds of steam.

Berthe Morisot knew the Impressionists and Summer’s Day was show in their fifth exhibition in 1880, under the title of The Lake in the Bois de Boulogne.

It is a peaceful, still scene which shows two middle class, city ladies relaxing in the rowing boat.

The late is set in a fashionable park to the west of Paris, where people would go to picnic and walk in the gardens.

Although is it still life, Fruits and Flowers in a Terracotta vase is overflowing with movement and energy, and this tower of fruits and flowers seems to be about to topple over.

The details are so fine that we feel we could reach out and feel the dewy petals or the pin sharp thorns

It comes as a surprise to learn, then, that this is an extremely artificial composition. A clue to this lies in the bottom left-hand corner, which tell us that the painting took over a year to complete.

No ones know who is the girl in this painting is, We can guess that her family was prosperous and held a good position in society.

Although she is a child, she seems to be dressed in adult's clothes, and , like all fashionable people at the time, has powdered hair.

This is because, in the 18th century, children were treated like adults from young age. At about eight years old, for example, they were expected to give up story book in favour of adult literature.

Like many Cubist paintings, Fruit Dish, Bottle and Violin is difficult to understand at first.

The objects are not realistic and the picture looks muddled, But this is because rather than simply copying what he saw with his eyes, Picasso used his imagination and tried to show the world from many different points of view.

The Baptism of Christ is a scene from the New testament of the Bible and shows Jesus being baptized by John the Baptist.

A dove, the symbol of the Holy Spirit, hovers overhead while, to the left, three angels stand holding Christ’s clothes. To the right of St John, a man preparing to be baptized gets undressed, and behind him are four priest.

This story is described in the Bible as taking place beside the River Jordan, but the landscape of Piero’s painting looks more like scenery around Borgo Sansepolcro that the Middle East.

Belshzzar’s Feast catches a dramatic moment in the Biblical story of Belshazzar, the king of Babylon, Belshazzar is holding a grand feats and is serving wine in vessels stolen form the temple of Jerusalem.

A hand appears from the shadow and writes a message of doom on the wall which warn the king that he will be die because he has sinned against God.

Sure enough, that night Belshazzar dies, Rembrandt has cleverly left much of the room in darkness, highlighting the faces of the horrified spectators, This adds to the suspense, creating an atmosphere of fear and dread.