Talk like a Canadian. A two-pronged approach to teaching English pronunciation. Objectives. Objectives: To help volunteers identify their clients’ specific pronunciation problems. To demonstrate strategies to help clients overcome these problems.
A two-pronged approach to teaching English pronunciation.
“This book is safe for my children.”
“Deessbukeeeess seff for my cheeldren.”
44 sounds in English
Stress... and changes in stress
Pitch... and changes in pitch
Volume... and changes in volume
Speed... and changes in speed
The Unvoiced th-sound...which newcomers often pronounce as a /t/
The Voiced th-sound... which newcomers often pronounce as a /d/
The r-sound is difficult for many newcomers.
It is usually the last sound that children learn to make even when English is their first language.
Usually no problems with the i-sound as in “bike”.
The problem is usually in saying the i-sound in “police” instead of the i-sound in “kit”.
Here are some more words of each type:
The prosody of a language is the “music” of the language.
Every language has its own prosody.
Prosody includes: stress, flow, rhythm, pitch, volume, speed, intonation, cadence... and variations in each of these.
How do we teach English prosody?
In English we often link words together so they
sound as though they are all one word.
This linking makes the words flow more smoothly, and this flow is characteristic of English prosody.
A characteristic of English prosody is we stress some words and not others; and we stress some syllables and not others.
“I wantto improve my Englishpronunciation.”
We stress the content words and leave unstressed the function words.
We met when we were in university.
I went to the library and borrowed a book.
a, an, and, or, for, can, of, have, and had
We learn the prosody of our first language through imitation.
Give our participants something to imitate.
Read or speak expressively, and have them imitate your rhythm, stress, timing etc.
English sounds and English Prosody... but nonsense words.