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Le passé composé avec “être”. Leçon 3: L’influence des médias. Verbs that have “ être ” as their auxiliary. Most are verbs of motion. When the helping verb is être , the past participle agrees in gender and number with the subject. Mélanie est rentrée tôt .

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le pass compos avec tre

Le passé composé avec “être”

Leçon 3: L’influence des médias

slide2

Verbs that have “être”

as their auxiliary.

Mostare verbs

of motion

slide3

When the helping verb is être, the past participle agrees in gender and number with the subject.

    • Mélanieestrentréetôt.
    • Ses parents sontsortis.
slide4

Reflexive and reciprocal verbs also use the helping verb êtrein the passé composé.The reflexive or reciprocal pronoun is placed before the form of être.

    • Vousvousêtesblessé?
    • On s’esttéléphoné?
slide5

To negate a reflexive or reciprocal verb in the passé composé, place the ne… pas (ne… jamais), etc. around the pronoun and the helping verb.

    • Je ne me suispasrappelé son nom.
    • Tunet’espasendormiavantminuit?
slide6

Like other verbs that take être in the passé composé, the past participle usually agrees in gender and number with the subject.

    • Elle s’esthabilléerapidement.
    • Nous noussommesdisputés.
slide7

If the verb is followed by a direct object, the past participle does not agree with the subject. Compare these two sentences.

    • Elle s’estlavée.
    • Elle s’estlavé les cheveux.
slide8

Some reciprocal verbs take indirect rather than direct objects. In this case, the past participle does not agree. Here is a partial list of reciprocal verbs that take indirect objects: s’écrire, se dire, se téléphoner, se parler, se demander, and se sourire

    • Nous noussommesécrit.
    • Elles se sontdemandépourquoi.