Troyan, Bulgaria. The road to Troyan. Crossing the Bekleme pass.
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Troyan is a town in central Bulgaria with population of about 30,000 and a territory of 888,850 m². It is located 160km from Sofia. The nearest civilian airport is Gorna Oryahovitsa, 105 km away. The river of Beli Osam passes through the heart of the town.
Troyan was named a town in 1868, when it factories developed as a craft center for the region. After the liberation it grows slowly. A spark in the town growth was the creation of a small water electrical plant and textile factories. In 1948, the town was connected to the railway Lovech – Levski – Svishtov. Later in time producing electrical motors, electrotechnical products, building machines, wool and furniture developed in the town.
The Troyan monastery, one of the centres of the Bulgarian culture, is located about 10 km south-east from the picturesque town of Troyan. Unknown Bulgarian, a monk from the Aton monastery in “Sveta Gora”, established a little wooden church and several houses for monks in 1600. In the dark years of the slavery the Bulgarian Renaissance gain strength. In the beginning of XIX century the monastery become well-off. There is a reconstruction. On the place of the old buildings the master Konstantin from Peshtera create an artistic architecture ansamble with Renaissance spirit.
August 15th is the day of the Monastery's Patron Saint, when thousands of people from the country gather to celebrate and see the unique icon of Mary. The icon is unique for the fact that Mary has three hands made of silver. The origin of the icon is unknown but there are many stories, some of which involve miracles.
The town is famous for its traditional pottery, probably developed partly as a result of the qualities of the local clay soil. Pottery was a main source of income for the local craftsmen during the Bulgarian Renaissance age.
The origins of folk art and its development in Troyan and its vicinity go far back to the 14th and early 15th centuries. Troyan arose as a settlement along the Roman military road running along the present-day site of the Troyan monastery. Throughout the National Revival period (18th -19th centuries) Troyan was known as an active center of the crafts. It had its market of craftsmen`s shops and later developed the Troyan fair around the Troyan monastery. Troyan wares were sold at markets in Istanbul, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and Romania. The museum exposition, opened in 1968 is only a small part of the rich collections of traditional and contemporary folk art. The popularity of the Troyan ceramic wares school which arose during the National Revival period drew on talented and experienced craftsmen who created practical and beautiful vessels. The prevailing gamut are soft earth tones - yellow, brown, green, while decoration is of three types - angoba, incised, sgraphito. During the 20th century increasing competition on the market led to changes in the style of traditional Troyan pottery. The gamut became brighter. Various patterns of the Troyan design emerged and were brought to perfection - this pottery is still produced to this day.
Metalwork is represented by blacksmithery, the production of axes, knives and scissors.
It is the feast of the plum Troyan rakiya. They make rakiya at the centre of Troyan and taste it from the cauldron. There is a concert, a lot of fun and a competition for the best home-made rakiya. The production of premium quality plum brandy (rakiya) has become a part of the local culture. In connection with this, the town holds the annual Festival of the Plum in the autumn. Plum brandy from Troyan has gained national and international acclaim at major showcases.
In the forest
The Troyan region is the home to three National Reserves: Kozia Stena, Steneto and Severen Jendem, part of the larger Central Balkan National Park. The reserves are rich in interesting rock formations, waterfalls and wild life. Most of the interesting spots are tourist-accessible.
Central Balkan National Park
Here you can take a look on pictures of town of Troyan made from a paraplanner. In the town of Troyan an aeroclub„Skywalkers” is established. Its basic activity concerns touristic flights, educational flights, rent of equipment and aparatus. You can fly over the town of Troyan, the village of Oreshak and the town of Apriltsi.
Made by Temenuzhka Dobreva