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REVIEW DAY. 2. James Hutton’s and Charles Lyell’s work was important to Darwin because these scientists a. explained volcanoes and earthquakes. b. explained all geologic events on Earth. c. suggested that Earth was old enough for evolution to have occurred.

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slide2
2. James Hutton’s and Charles Lyell’s work was important to Darwin because these scientists
  • a. explained volcanoes and earthquakes.
  • b. explained all geologic events on Earth.
  • c. suggested that Earth was old enough for evolution to have occurred.
  • d. refuted the work of Lamarck, which was based on misunderstandings.
slide3
2. James Hutton’s and Charles Lyell’s work was important to Darwin because these scientists
  • a. explained volcanoes and earthquakes.
  • b. explained all geologic events on Earth.
  • c. suggested that Earth was old enough for evolution to have occurred.
  • d. refuted the work of Lamarck, which was based on misunderstandings.
slide4
7. The idea that only famine, disease, and war could prevent the endless growth of human populations was presented by
  • a. Charles Darwin.
  • b. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
  • c. Thomas Malthus.
  • d. Charles Lyell.
slide5
7. The idea that only famine, disease, and war could prevent the endless growth of human populations was presented by
  • a. Charles Darwin.
  • b. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
  • c. Thomas Malthus.
  • d. Charles Lyell.
slide6
7. A human’s arm, and cat’s forelimb, a whales flipper, and a bat’s wing ALL have similar bone structure consisting of a humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges. (See figure 15-2)
  • This is an example of
  • a. examples of fossils.
  • b. homologous structures.
  • c. acquired traits.
  • d. examples of natural variation.
slide7
7. A human’s arm, and cat’s forelimb, a whales flipper, and a bat’s wing ALL have similar bone structure consisting of a humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges. (See figure 15-2)
  • This is an example of
  • a. examples of fossils.
  • b. homologous structures.
  • c. acquired traits.
  • d. examples of natural variation.
slide8
3. When lions prey on a herd of antelopes, some antelopes are killed and some escape. Which part of Darwin’s concept of natural selection might be used to describe this situation?
  • a. acquired characteristics
  • b. reproductive isolation
  • c. survival of the fittest
  • d. descent with modification
slide9
3. When lions prey on a herd of antelopes, some antelopes are killed and some escape. Which part of Darwin’s concept of natural selection might be used to describe this situation?
  • a. acquired characteristics
  • b. reproductive isolation
  • c. survival of the fittest
  • d. descent with modification
slide10

Draw 2 organisms that demonstrate how animals change together, and explain why they show co-evolution.

slide11

Draw 2 organisms that demonstrate how animals change together, and explain why they show co-evolution.

Answers will vary:

Some of the class responses were The flower and Insect Mouth

slide14
Thomas Malthus reasoned that if ____________ ____________ continued to grow unchecked sooner or later there would be insufficient living space and food.
slide15
Thomas Malthus reasoned that if human population continued to grow unchecked sooner or later there would be insufficient living space and food.
slide16

Hutton and Lyel helped scientists recognize that evolution could only function if the earth was ________ of years old.

slide17

Hutton and Lyel helped scientists recognize that evolution could only function if the earth was 1,000,000 of years old.

slide18

If a dog breeder only allows certain animals to breed based on their traits this is called ______________ selection.

slide19

If a dog breeder only allows certain animals to breed based on their traits this is called artificial selection.

slide24
Whale and pelvic bone

Human and appendix

all of the genes in a species population makes up the population s

All of the genes in a species population makes up the population’s __________ __________

slide31
The two main sources of genetic variation are
  • a. genotypes and phenotypes.
  • b. gene shuffling and mutations.
  • c. single-gene traits and polygenic traits.
  • d. directional selection and disruptive selection.
slide32
The two main sources of genetic variation are
  • a. genotypes and phenotypes.
  • b. gene shuffling and mutations.
  • c. single-gene traits and polygenic traits.
  • d. directional selection and disruptive selection.
slide33
One similarity between natural selection and genetic drift is that both events
  • a. are based completely on chance.
  • b. begin with one or more mutations.
  • c. involve a change in a population’s allele frequencies.
  • d. take place only in very small groups.
slide34
One similarity between natural selection and genetic drift is that both events
  • a. are based completely on chance.
  • b. begin with one or more mutations.
  • c. involve a change in a population’s allele frequencies.
  • d. take place only in very small groups.
slide42
Reproductive isolation in which two populations have differences in courtship rituals or other types of behavior that prevents them from interbreeding
6 darwin was prompted to publish his theory of evolution by

6. Darwin was prompted to publish his theory of evolution by…

An essay by Wallace on evolution

The publication of Lamarck’s theory of evolution

The vice governor of the galapagos Islands

The work of Hutton and Lyel

6 darwin was prompted to publish his theory of evolution by1

6. Darwin was prompted to publish his theory of evolution by…

An essay by Wallace on evolution

The publication of Lamarck’s theory of evolution

The vice governor of the galapagos Islands

The work of Hutton and Lyel

16 which phrase best defines evolution by natural selection

16. Which phrase best defines evolution by natural selection?

By chance certain allele frequencies increase

Sudden replacement of one population by another

Changes in a species as it becomes more perfect

Process of change in a species over time

16 which phrase best defines evolution by natural selection1

16. Which phrase best defines evolution by natural selection?

By chance certain allele frequencies increase

Sudden replacement of one population by another

Changes in a species as it becomes more perfect

Process of change in a species over time

21 in many kinds of organisms inheritable differences are due mostly to

21. In many kinds of organisms, inheritable differences are due mostly to…

Single-gene traits

Polygenic traits

Gene shuffling during gamete formation

The effects of radiation

21 in many kinds of organisms inheritable differences are due mostly to1

21. In many kinds of organisms, inheritable differences are due mostly to…

Single-gene traits

Polygenic traits

Gene shuffling during gamete formation

The effects of radiation

slide52

A single-gene trait that has 2 alleles and that shows a simple dominant-recessive pattern will result in…

One phenotype

2 phenotypes

4 phenotypes

Millions of phenotypes

slide53

A single-gene trait that has 2 alleles and that shows a simple dominant-recessive pattern will result in…

One phenotype

2 phenotypes

4 phenotypes

Millions of phenotypes

24 natural selection act directly on

24. Natural selection act directly on…

alleles

genes

phenotypes

mutations

24 natural selection act directly on1

24. Natural selection act directly on…

alleles

genes

phenotypes

mutations

29 in genetic drift allele frequencies change because of

29. In genetic drift, allele frequencies change because of…

mutations

chance

Natural selection

Genetic equilibrium

29 in genetic drift allele frequencies change because of1

29. In genetic drift, allele frequencies change because of…

mutations

chance

Natural selection

Genetic equilibrium

30 genetic drift tends to occur in populations that

30. Genetic drift tends to occur in populations that…

Are very large

Are small

Are formed from new species

Have unchanging allele frequencies

30 genetic drift tends to occur in populations that1

30. Genetic drift tends to occur in populations that…

Are very large

Are small

Are formed from new species

Have unchanging allele frequencies

42 fossilized evidence of earth s first forms of life would consist of

42. Fossilized evidence of earth’s first forms of life would consist of…

Vertebrates from the Precambrian

Invertebrates from the Precambrian

Eukaryotes from the Precambrian

Prokaryotes from the Precambrian

43 miller and urey s experiments attempt to demonstrate

43. Miller and Urey’s experiments attempt to demonstrate…

How Earth first formed

Whether DNA or RNA evolved first

Whether organic molecules could have formed before life was present

How the deepest part of Earth formed

43 miller and urey s experiments attempt to demonstrate1

43. Miller and Urey’s experiments attempt to demonstrate…

How Earth first formed

Whether DNA or RNA evolved first

Whether organic molecules could have formed before life was present

How the deepest part of Earth formed

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